Armstrong's acid

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Armstrong's acid
Naphthalene-1,5-disulfonic acid.png
Identifiers
CAS number 81-04-9
PubChem 6666
ChemSpider 6414 YesY
ChEBI CHEBI:30890
Jmol-3D images Image 1
Image 2
Properties
Molecular formula C10H8S2O6
Molar mass 288.299 g/mol
Appearance colorless solid
Hazards
Main hazards corrosive
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
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Infobox references

Armstrong's acid (naphthalene-1,5-disulfonic acid) is an organic compound with the formula C10H6(SO3H)2. It is one of several isomers of naphthalenedisulfonic acid. It a colorless solid, typically obtained as the tetrahydrate.[1] Like other sulfonic acids, it is a strong acid. It is named for British chemist Henry Edward Armstrong.[2]

Production and use[edit]

It is prepared by disulfonation of naphthalene with oleum:

C10H8 + 2 SO3 → C10H6(SO3H)2

Further sulfonation gives The 1,3,5-trisulfonic acid derivative.[1]

Reactions and uses[edit]

Fusion of Armstrong's acid in NaOH gives the disodium salt of 1,5-dihydroxynaphthalene, whch can be acidified to give the diol. The intermediate in this hydrolysis, 1-hydroxynaphthalene-5-sulfonic acid, is also useful. Nitration gives nitrodisulfonic acids, which are precursors to amino derivatives.

The disodium salt is sometimes used as a divalent counterion for forming salts of basic drug compounds, as an alternative to the related mesylate or tosylate salts. When used in this way such a salt is called a naphthalenedisulfonate salt, as seen with the most common salt form of the stimulant drug CFT. The disodium salt is also used as an electrolyte in certain kinds of chromatography.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Gerald Booth "Naphthalene Derivatives" in Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry, 2005, Wiley-VCH, Weinheim. doi:10.1002/14356007.a17_009.
  2. ^ Senning, Alexander (2007). Elsevier's dictionary of chemoetymology. Elsevier. p. 30. ISBN 978-0-444-52239-9. 
  3. ^ Shigeru Terabe "Electrokinetic chromatography: An interface between electrophoresis and chromatography" TrAC Trends in Analytical Chemistry 1989, Volume 8, pp. 129–134. doi:10.1016/0165-9936(89)85022-8