Armstrong (surname)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Armstrong
Family name

Armstrong is a surname of Scottish borders origin. It derives from a Middle English nickname which meant someone with strong arms. In Ireland the name was adopted as an Anglicization of two Gaelic names from Ulster: Mac Thréinfhir (meaning "son of the strong man") and Ó Labhradha Tréan (meaning "strong O'Lavery").[1] Clan Armstrong is a clan from the border area between England and Scotland.[2] The Scottish Armstrong is reputed to have been originally bestowed by "an antient (sic) king of Scotland" upon "Fairbairn, his armour-bearer" following an act of strength in battle.[3]

From the name Ó Labhradha Tréan (meaning "strong O'Lavery" and sometimes written in AngloIrish as "Tréanlámagh") the following surnames survive: "Trainor", Traynor", O'Lavery", "O'Laverty", "McLavery", "McLaverty", "MacLavery" and "MacLaverty". Although the name "Armstrong" is quite common in the Aghagallon and Glenavy area of County Antrim in Northern Ireland, the other names are to be found within the 9 Ulster Counties and Scotland, especially along the west coast.

Real people[edit]

Fictional people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Dictionary of American Family Names". Oxford University Press. Retrieved 2011-06-17. 
  2. ^ Dobson, David (2003), The Scottish Surnames of Colonial America (Google Book), Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, pp. 4–5, ISBN 0-8063-5209-4, OCLC 52732092, retrieved 1 Jan 2012 
    Additional OCLC records exist for same book.
  3. ^ Lower, Mark Antony (1844), "Historical Surnames", Essays on family nomenclature, historical, etymological and humorous: with chapters of rebuses and canting arms, the roll of Battel abbey, a list of latinized surnames, &c., &c. (Google Book), Essays on English Surnames (2nd edition ed.), London: John Russell Smith, p. 212, OCLC 674415725, retrieved 1 Jan 2012