Armstrong Siddeley Cheetah

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Cheetah
Armstrong Siddeley Cheetah X.jpg
Cheetah X
Type Radial engine
National origin United Kingdom
Manufacturer Armstrong Siddeley Motors Ltd.
First run 1935
Major applications Airspeed Oxford
Number built >37,200
Developed from Armstrong Siddeley Lynx

The Armstrong Siddeley Cheetah is a seven-cylinder British air-cooled aircraft radial engine of 834 cu in (13.65 L) capacity introduced in 1935 and produced until 1948. Early variants of the Cheetah were initially known as the Lynx Major.[1]

The Cheetah was used to power many British trainer aircraft during World War II including the Avro Anson and Airspeed Oxford.

Design and development[edit]

The Cheetah was developed from the earlier Lynx using the increased bore cylinders from the Armstrong Siddeley Panther but the engine retained the stroke of the Lynx. Initially only direct-drive variants were produced with later engines being made available with propeller reduction gear of various ratios. Superchargers were also available for later variants, both geared and directly driven by the crankshaft.[1]

The basic design of the Cheetah remained unchanged from its introduction in 1935 to the last examples built in 1948. It was the first engine of its type to be certified for 1,200 hours of operational time between overhauls, with over 37,200 examples built.[2]

Variants[edit]

List from: Lumsden[3]Note:[4]

Lynx V (Lynx Major)
1930, 230 hp (171 kW).
Cheetah V
1935, 270 hp (201 kW) at 2,100 rpm.
Cheetah VA
1935, 285 hp (212 kW) at 2,425 rpm.
Cheetah VI
1935, 307 hp (229 kW) at 2,425 rpm.
Cheetah VIA
1936, as Mk VI but with Mk IX cylinders.
Preserved Cheetah X
Cheetah IX
1937, 345 hp (257 kW) at 2,425 rpm.
Cheetah X
1938, 375 hp (280 kW) at 2,300 rpm.
Cheetah XI
345 hp (257 kW) at 2,425 rpm, geared version of Cheetah X.
Cheetah XII
Similar to Mk X, adapted for target drone aircraft.
Cheetah XV
420 hp (313 kW) at 2,425 rpm.
Cheetah XVII
1948, 385 hp (287 kW) at 2,425 rpm.
Cheetah XVIII
385 hp (287 kW) at 2,425 rpm, carburettor modified for aerobatics.
Cheetah XIX
355 hp (265 kW) at 2,425 rpm
Cheetah 25
345 hp (257 kW) at 2,425 rpm, Cheetah XV uprated to 475 hp (355 kW) at 2,700 rpm, modified constant-speed unit.
Cheetah 26
385 hp (287 kW).
Cheetah 27
1948, 385 hp (287 kW).

Applications[edit]

Survivors[edit]

As of October 2008 at least four Cheetah engines remained airworthy. Two Cheetah 17s power the Anson T21 operated by the Air Atlantique Classic Flight and another pair of Cheetah 17s are fitted to Avro Nineteen, G-AHKX registered to BAE Systems but normally based at the Shuttleworth Collection.[5][6]

Engines on display[edit]

Preserved Armstrong Siddeley Cheetah engines are on public display at the following museums:

Specifications (Cheetah IX)[edit]

Cheetah engine fitted to an Airspeed Oxford undergoing restoration

Data from [7]

General characteristics

  • Type: Seven-cylinder single-row supercharged air-cooled radial engine
  • Bore: 5.25 in (133 mm)
  • Stroke: 5.5 in (140 mm)
  • Displacement: 834 cu in (13.65 L)
  • Length: 52.8 in (1,342 mm)
  • Diameter: 47.6 in (1,210 mm)
  • Dry weight: 637 lb (289 kg)

Components

Performance

See also[edit]

Related development
Comparable engines
Related lists

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Lumsden 2003, p.74.
  2. ^ Gunston 1989, p.18.
  3. ^ Lumsden 2003, pp.74-76.
  4. ^ Cheetah variants start at Mk V.
  5. ^ CAA - G-INFO - G-VROE Retrieved: 15 February 2009
  6. ^ CAA - G-INFO - G-AHKX Retrieved: 15 February 2009
  7. ^ Lumsden 2003, p.75.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Gunston, Bill. World Encyclopedia of Aero Engines. Cambridge, England. Patrick Stephens Limited, 1989. ISBN 1-85260-163-9
  • Lumsden, Alec. British Piston Engines and their Aircraft. Marlborough, Wiltshire: Airlife Publishing, 2003. ISBN 1-85310-294-6.

Further reading[edit]

  • Bridgman, L, (ed.) (1998). Jane's fighting aircraft of World War II. Crescent. ISBN 978-0-517-67964-7. 
  • Gunston, Bill. Development of Piston Aero Engines. Cambridge, England. Patrick Stephens Limited, 2006. ISBN 0-7509-4478-1

External links[edit]