German Army Aviation Corps

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Army Aviation Corps
Heeresflieger
HFIgWaS.jpg
Coat of Arms of Aviation School
Active 1957–present
Country Germany
Branch German Army
Type Army aviation branch
Role Tactical Air Transport, Close Air Support, Reconnaissance, Liaison, Disaster Relief
Size 6 regiments, 1 independent squadrons, 1 school
Motto Nach vorn
To the front or Forward
Commanders
Current
commander
Brigadier General Alfons Mais
Notable
commanders
Colonel Horst Pape
Insignia
Cap Badge
BW Barettabzeichen Heeresflieger.jpg
Collar patch
HD W Kragenspiegel HFlg.svg
APP-6A symbol
TZ HF.svg
Aircraft flown
Attack MBB Bo 105P, Eurocopter Tiger
Reconnaissance MBB Bo 105M
Trainer Eurocopter EC 135
Transport Bell UH-1D, NH90

The German Army Aviation Corps[1] (German: Heeresfliegertruppe) is a special unit within the German Armed Forces (Bundeswehr). The German Army Aviation Corps is a branch of the German Army (Heer), containing all its helicopter units. The German Air Force and the German Navy both also have their own helicopter units.

Identification[edit]

The coat of arms of the German Army Aviation Corps depicts a white eagle, swooping down whilst carrying a sword in its claws. Members of the Army Aviation Corps wear a burgundy-coloured beret. The badge on the beret is a wing, crossed vertically by a sword, surrounded by oak leaves. The Waffenfarbe of the German Army Aviation Corps ( a means the German military uses to distinguish between different corps or troop functions in its armed services) is silver-grey. The epaulettes of members of the German Army Aviation corps are lined in silver-grey. The gorget patches are held in the same color with two vertical cords. The sleeves of the uniforms display the flying wings, emphasising their main task.

Tasks[edit]

The main tasks of the Army Aviation Corps are:

Due to their manifold tasks, the German Army Aviation Corps cannot be classified as having any of the classic tasks of army units, namely leading and supporting the leadership, fighting and supporting the fighting force.[2]

Most units of the Army Aviation Corps are incorporated into the Airmobile Operations Division (Division Luftbewegliche Operationen). This division was founded on 1 July 2002 and became operational on 8 October 2002.

CH53-G of the German Army Aviation Corps during an exercise in Bosnia
Kurdish refugee children run toward a CH-53G helicopter of the German Army Aviation Corps in Northern Iraq in 1991

History[edit]

After the foundation of the Bundeswehr in 1955, the first head of the department of the German Army Aviation Corps, Colonel Horst Pape, was appointed on 7 November 1956. During the next ten years, a great number of bases all over the territory of the Federal Republic of Germany were founded.

In the first instance, all the equipment was acquired from allied nations. However, from the late 1960s onwards, more emphasis was put on developing new technology with other European partners. Until 1990, the German Army Aviation Corps was restricted to see active service only during aid mission within Germany and NATO countries.

Since the unification of the Federal Republic of Germany with the German Democratic Republic in 1990, there have been several rounds of re-organizations within the Bundeswehr, also affecting the German Army Aviation Corps. A number of bases were closed down, and their units either dissolved or merged with other units. In 2002, most remaining units of the German Army Aviation Corps were incorporated into the Airmobile Operations Division (Division Luftbewegliche Operationen) .

Furthermore, the role of the German Army Aviation Corps changed as well. Since the mid-1990s, it has been increasingly deployed in a support rôle in several countries for as varying bodies as the United Nations, NATO and the EU, first in Iraq after the 1st Gulf War, then on the Balkans with IFOR, KFOR, SFOR and EUFOR, and most recently in Afghanistan as part of ISAF and most recently in the Democratic Republic of the Congo as part of EUFOR RD Congo to support the UN mission MONUC to monitor the general elections in 2006. This mission began in June 2006 and ended with the last soldiers returning in December of the same year.

In October 2011 the German Federal Ministry of Defence announced a reorganisation/reduction of the German Armed Forces. As a consequence, the strength of Germany Army Aviation Corps will be reduced. Flying operations at a number of air bases will cease to exist and the respective units being dissolved. Other units will be transferred to the German Air Force.[3]

Equipment[edit]

Eurcopter Tiger
NH90

The German Army Aviation Corps is equipped with:

Units[edit]

The following units are subordinate to Airmobile Operations Division, the division's headquarters being in Veitshöchheim:

Name of unit Flying Based at Insignia Note
Medium Transport Helicopter Regiment 15 Münsterland Sikorsky CH-53G/GS Rheine
THRgt 15.jpg
Disbanded
Medium Transport Helicopter Regiment 25 Oberschwaben Sikorsky CH-53G/GS Laupheim
MTHRgt 25.svg
Transferred to German Air Force
Transport Helicopter Regiment 30 Bell UH-1D* Niederstetten
THRgt 30.jpg
* (to be replaced by NH90)

The following units are part of Airmobile Brigade 1 of Airmobile Operations Division. The division's headquarters is in Fritzlar:

Name of unit Flying Based at Insignia Note
Light Transport Helicopter Regiment 10 Lüneburger Heide Bell UH-1D* Faßberg
THRgt 10.jpg
Attack Helicopter Regiment 26 Franken MBB Bo 105P Roth
KHRgt 26.jpg
To be disbanded
Attack Helicopter Regiment 36 Kurhessen MBB Bo 105P** Fritzlar
KHRgt 36.jpg
* (to be replaced by NH90 from July 1, 2009) ** (to be replaced by Eurocopter Tiger starting in 2011)

The following unit is not part of the Airmobile Operations Division but part of Air Transport Wing 62:

Name of unit Flying Based at Insignia Note
Army Aviation Support Squadron 1 Bell UH-1D Holzdorf
HFlgUstgStff 1.gif
To be disbanded

The following units operate independently:

Name of unit Flying Based at Insignia Note
Army Aviation Maintenance Squadron 100 Celle
HFlgInstStff 100 (V1).gif
To be disbanded
Army Aviation Squadron 109 Celle
HFlgAusbStff 8I.jpg
To be disbanded
Army Aviation Liaison and Reconnaissance Squadron 109 MBB Bo 105M Celle
HFlgVerbAufklStff 100.gif
To be disbanded

The following units are part of the Army Aviation School. The school's headquarters is in Bückeburg:

Name of unit Based at Insignia Note
Instruction Group A (flying instruction) Bückeburg
HFlgWaS AusbZ C.gif
Instruction Group B (non-flying instruction) Bückeburg
HFIgWaS.jpg
Training Centre C (flying instruction) Celle
HFIgWaS AusbZ C.jpg
To be disbanded
Army Aviation Test Squadron 910 Bückeburg
HFlgVsuStff 910 (V1).gif
Disbanded on 31 December 2008
Research And Development Group Bückeburg
HFIgWaS.jpg
Technical Maintenance Department Bückeburg
HFIgWaS.jpg
Franco-German Training Centre Le Luc (France)
HFIgWaS.jpg

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Militärisches Studienglossar Englisch - Teil II/III, p. 185
  2. ^ Heeresfliegertruppe - Welchen Auftrag hat die Heeresfliegertruppe? (in German), German Federal Ministry of Defence, 7 August 2012, retrieved 19 January 2013 
  3. ^ Quoted from Bundesministerium der Verteidigung (26 October 2011), Neues Stationierungskonzept der Bundeswehr (in German), retrieved 5 November 2011 , PDF-file "Die Stationierung der Bundeswehr in Deutschland", passim

Further reading[edit]

  • Bundesministerium der Verteidigung (1970), Heeresflieger, Bonn: Bundesministerium der Verteidigung 
  • Bundesministerium der Verteidigung (1975), Das Heer: Heeresflieger, Bonn: Bundesministerium der Verteidigung 
  • Bundesministerium der Verteidigung (2000). "Armee der Einheit 1990-2000" (PDF). Bundesministerium der Verteidigung. Retrieved 2010-10-08. 
  • Bundessprachenamt (ed.) (1993), Militärisches Studienglossar Englisch - Teil II/III, Bonn: Bundesministerium der Verteidigung 
  • Bundeswehramt (1962), Unser Heer 3: Heeresflieger, Bad Godesberg: Bundeswehramt 
  • Fred, Bünz (1999). "Modernisierung in der Bundeswehr: die Entwicklung des Konzeptes der Luftbeweglichkeit und der entsprechenden Einsatzgrundsätze; unter besonderer Berücksichtigung des von Carl von Clausewitz formulierten Wechselverhältnisses von Theorie und Praxis". Diss. Universität der Bundeswehr München. 
  • Dressel, Joachim; Griel, Manfred (1990), Flugzeuge und Hubschrauber der Bundeswehr, Stuttgart: Motorbuch-Verlag, ISBN 3-613-01358-4 
  • Garben, Fritz (2005), Deutsche Heeresflieger: nationale und internationale Rettungs-, Hilfs- und UN-Einsätze, Lemwerder: Stedinger-Verlag, ISBN 3-927697-41-9 
  • Garben, Fritz (2006), Fünf Jahrzehnte Heeresflieger: Typen, Taktik und Geschichte, Lemwerder: Stedinger-Verlag, ISBN 3-927697-45-1 
  • Garben, Fritz (2007), Deutsche Heeresflieger: Techniker im Einsatz, Lemwerder: Stedinger-Verlag, ISBN 978-3-9276-9751-5 
  • Kaufholz, Bernd (2003), Im Dienste des "alten Europa": Helfer in Kabul und andernorts, Halle: mdv, ISBN 3-89812-202-6 
  • Rudolph, Christin-Desirëe (2012), Soldaten unterm Rotor: die Huschrauberverbände der Bundeswehr, Suttgart: Motorbuch-Verlag, ISBN 978-3-6130-3413-6 
  • Schütt, Kurt W. (1985), Heeresflieger: Truppengattung der dritten Dimension; die Geschichte der Heeresfliegertruppe der Bundeswehr, Koblenz: Bernard und Graefe, ISBN 3-7637-5451-2 
  • Bundesministerium der Verteidigung, ed. (1996), "Heeresflieger", 1000 Stichworte zur Bundeswehr, Mittler, ISBN 3-8132-0536-3 
  • Vetter, Bernd; Vetter, Frank (2001), Die deutschen Heeresflieger: Geschichte, Typen und Verbände, Stuttgart: Motorbuch-Verlag, ISBN 3-613-02146-3 

External links[edit]