Army Medical Museum and Library

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Army Medical Museum and Library
Location Demolished (Formerly, South B Street [now Independence Avenue] and 7th Street, SW, Washington, D.C.)
Built 1887
Architect Adolf Cluss
Governing body United States Army
NRHP Reference # 66000854[1]
Significant dates
Added to NRHP October 15, 1966
Designated NHL January 12, 1965[2]
The AMML in 1969.
Library Hall at the AMML; Dr John Shaw Billings (1838–1913) sits at a table on the right; Photo ca. 1890.

The Army Medical Museum and Library (AMML) of the U.S. Army was a large brick building constructed in 1887 at South B Street (now Independence Avenue) and 7th Street, SW, Washington, D.C., USA, which is directly on the National Mall. It was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1965 and added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1966, but, notwithstanding, was demolished in 1969.


The AMML was designed by German-born architect Adolf Cluss (1825–1905) to house the Army Medical Museum, the Library of the Surgeon General's Office (later called the Army Medical Library), and some of the Army's medical records.[3] Between 1893 and 1910, it also housed the Army Medical School.

The AMML remained on the Mall until the 1960s, when the Museum and Library were moved to their present separate locations. The old building (known affectionately as "Old Red" or "The Old Pickle Factory") was razed and replaced by the Smithsonian's Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden in 1969.

Successor institutions[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13. 
  2. ^ "Army Medical Museum and Library". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2009-09-17. 
  3. ^ Rhode, Michael G. (2006). "The Rise and Fall of the Army Medical Museum and Library". Washington History 18 (1): 78–97.  [1]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 38°53′18″N 77°01′22″W / 38.888256°N 77.022829°W / 38.888256; -77.022829