Jaysh al-Islam

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Army of Islam (Syria))
Jump to: navigation, search
Jaysh al-Islam
جيش الإسلام
Participant in the Syrian Civil War
Jaysh al-Islam logo.jpg
Active 2011–present
Ideology Salafism[1]
Sunni Islamism[1]
Leaders Sheikh Zahran Alloush[2] (WIA)[3]
Area of operations Arsal, Lebanon[4]
Damascus and Rif Dimashq, Syria
Strength 25,000[5]
(December 2013) (Rebel claim)
Part of Islamic Front[6]
Mujahideen Shura Council[7]
Syrian Revolutionary Command Council[8]
Aleppo Liberation[9]
Originated as Liwa al-Islam
Allies Free Syrian Army[10]
Ahrar ash-Sham[11]
Ajnad al-Sham Islamic Union
Army of Mujahedeen
Alweiat Al-Furqan
Sham Legion
[12]
Jabhat al-Akrad[13]
Opponents Syrian Armed Forces
PFLP – GC
Liwa Abu al-Fadhal al-Abbas
Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant[14]
Battles and wars

Syrian Civil War

Jaysh al-Islam (Arabic: جيش الإسلام‎, meaning Army of Islam), formerly known as Liwa al-Islam or the Brigade of Islam, is a merger of many rebel groups involved in the Syrian Civil War.[15] It operates chiefly in the Damascus neighborhoods of Douma and Eastern Ghouta.[citation needed] The group is part of the Islamic Front.[6] Liwa al-Islam was the largest rebel faction located in Damascus.[16] Saudi Arabia is preparing to give the group millions of dollars to "arm and train" the fighters in Jaysh al-Islam.[1] Instructors from Pakistan will reportedly be used to help train the group.[17] The organization has rejected membership of the Free Syrian Army.[18] It has been critical of Hamas, accusing Khaled Mashal of having Iranian links.[19]

History[edit]

Liwa al-Islam[edit]

Liwa al-Islam was established by Zahran Alloush, the son of Saudi-based religious scholar Abdullah Mohammed Alloush, after Syrian authorities released him from prison in mid-2011 where he had been serving time for his Salafist activism.[20] The group claimed responsibility for carrying out the July 2012 Damascus bombing that killed Defense Minister Dawoud Rajiha, Deputy Defense Minister Asef Shawkat, and Assistant Vice President Hassan Turkmani. Liwa al-Islam was a driving force behind actions in the Damascus region. It cooperated and conducted joint operations with the Al-Nusra Front.[2]

Merger[edit]

The group's creation was negotiated and spearheaded by Saudi Arabia, who believed that the Al-Nusra Front was gaining too much strength.[15] The major rebel group involved is Jaysh al-Islam.[21] The head of the organization is Zahran Aloush, the head of Jaysh al-Islam.[15] The merger was completed on 29 September 2013.[22] The coalition has criticized the Syrian National Coalition, stating that the group should be led by those who are fighting in Syria.[15] The groups founding declaration mentioned that some 43 rebel factions were merging, however 38 of these groups were already members of, or affiliated with, the Liwa al Islam group.[23][24] As of November 2013, 60 groups have merged into Jaysh al-Islam,[25] though more than 175 groups overall have expressed a desire to merge into the organization.[25]

Operations[edit]

Capture of sophisticated equipment[edit]

On 6 October 2012, Liwa al-Islam captured two 9K33 Osa SAM systems in Eastern Ghouta with at least 12 missiles total.[26] A video was posted on 29 July 2013, with it being used to shoot down a Syrian Mil Mi-8.[27] In November 2013, the group captured two training-jets (L-39s used by the government as jet fighters) from the Syrian Air Force and showed them on the runway.[28] But so far, they haven't been used in combat.

Role in Adra Massacre[edit]

Main article: Adra massacre

On 11 December 2013, Al-Nusra Front and Jaysh al-Islam fighters entered the industrial town of Adra and targeted minority civilians, killing at least 32 Alawites, Christians, Druze and Ismailites. Some were shot at point-blank range, while others were beheaded.[29][30] By December 31, the Syrian State media outlet, SANA, reports that thousands of civilians have been “evacuated” from the town.

Merged groups[edit]

  • Islam Brigades
  • Islamic Army Brigades
  • The Army of Muslims Brigades
  • Sword of Truth Brigades
  • Sham Falcons Brigades
  • Signs of Victory Brigades
  • Conquest of Sham Brigades
  • Ghouta Shield Brigades
  • Siddiq Brigades
  • Tawheed Al-Islam Brigades
  • South of the Capital Brigades
  • Badr Brigades
  • Omar bin Abdulaziz Brigades
  • Tawheed Soldiers Brigades
  • Sword of Islam Brigades
  • Omar bin Khattab Brigades
  • Muath bin Jabal Brigades
  • Zubayir bin Al-Awam Brigades
  • Dhul Nurayin Brigades
  • Ansar Brigades
  • Hamzeh Brigades
  • Air Defense Brigades
  • Missile Defense Brigades
  • Tank Brigades
  • Military Direction Brigades
  • Dahir Bebers Brigades
  • Sword of Truth 2 Brigades
  • Gamloon Warriors Brigades
  • Slaves of the Merciful Brigades
  • Murabiteen Brigades
  • Bedouin Brigades
  • Sunnah Supporters Brigades
  • Ahul ul Bayt Brigades
  • Martyrs of Atarib Brigades
  • Coastal Defense Brigades
  • Ain Jalout Brigades
  • Tawheed Supporters Platoons
  • Mujahideen Platoons
  • Abu Dujana Falcons Platoons
  • Sunnah Platoons
  • Ansar Platoons
  • Bara’a bin Azab Platoons[21]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Syria crisis: Saudi Arabia to spend millions to train new rebel force". The Guardian. 7 November 2013. Retrieved 10 November 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c O'Bagy, Elizabeth (24 March 2013). "The Free Syrian Army". Institute for the Study of War. Retrieved 10 November 2013. 
  3. ^ "Missile blast wounds Syrian rebel commander: activists". Reuters. 20 February 2013. Retrieved 7 November 2013. 
  4. ^ "Jaysh al-Islam confronts Islamic State in Arsal". Al Monitor. 5 February 2015. Retrieved 5 February 2015. 
  5. ^ "A cross-section of Islamist rebel forces in Syria". Al Monitor. 2 December 2013. Retrieved 4 December 2013. 
  6. ^ a b "Leading Syrian rebel groups form new Islamic Front". BBC. 22 November 2013. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  7. ^ "New Syrian jihadist body formed to fight ISIS". Al Monitor. 28 May 2014. Retrieved 3 June 2014. 
  8. ^ "Translation: the Formation of the Syrian Revolutionary Command Council". Goha's Nail. 3 August 2014. Retrieved 6 August 2014. 
  9. ^ https://scontent-lga.xx.fbcdn.net/hphotos-xpf1/v/t1.0-9/10462786_1700392156854090_1914910234494533086_n.png?oh=004555d0fdb74e1d1f0aad1baddc8262&oe=5593696E. Retrieved 16 February 2015.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  10. ^ "No regime offensive in Qalamoun, rebel official claims". NOW News. 18 November 2013. Retrieved 19 November 2013. 
  11. ^ Aron Lund (24 September 2013). "New Islamist Bloc Declares Opposition to National Coalition and US Strategy". Syria Comment. Retrieved 7 November 2013. 
  12. ^ "Freedom, Human Rights, Rule of Law: The Goals and Guiding Principles of the Islamic Front and Its Allies". Democratic Revolution, Syrian Style. 17 May 2014. Retrieved 17 May 2014. 
  13. ^ "Al-Akrad Front defeats ISIL in Aleppo". ARA News. 24 June 2014. Retrieved 24 June 2014. 
  14. ^ "ISIL militants.. on way to Damascus". ARA News. 10 July 2014. Retrieved 10 July 2014. 
  15. ^ a b c d "Insight: Saudi Arabia boosts Salafist rivals to al Qaeda in Syria". Reuters. 1 October 2013. Retrieved 7 November 2013. 
  16. ^ "Largest Syrian rebel groups form Islamic alliance, in possible blow to U.S. influence". Washington Post. 25 September 2013. Retrieved 7 November 2013. 
  17. ^ "Saudi Arabia's Shadow War". Foreign Policy. 6 November 2013. Retrieved 10 November 2013. 
  18. ^ "Leading Syrian rebels defect, dealing blow to fight against al-Qaeda". Daily Telegraph. 5 December 2013. Retrieved 5 December 2013. 
  19. ^ "Syria: Tensions escalate between Islamist rebels and Hamas". Asharq Al-Awsat. 19 October 2013. Retrieved 21 November 2013. 
  20. ^ Aron Lund (17 June 2013). "Freedom fighters? Cannibals? The truth about Syria’s rebels". The Independent. Retrieved 7 November 2013. 
  21. ^ a b "Total of 43 Islamist Groups Unite under Newly Formed "Army of Islam" in Syria". YouTube. 29 September 2013. Retrieved 7 November 2013. 
  22. ^ "The Army of Islam Is Winning in Syria". Foreign Policy. 1 October 2013. Retrieved 7 November 2013. 
  23. ^ "Assessing Syria's Islamic Alliance". Revolution Observer. 11 October 2013. Retrieved 11 November 2013. 
  24. ^ "GUEST POST: On Liwa al-Islam and the new 'Jaysh al-Islam' merger". Pundicity. 30 September 2013. Retrieved 11 November 2013. 
  25. ^ a b "Syria: Jaysh Al-Islam rejects Geneva II conference". Asharq Al-Awsat. 12 November 2013. Retrieved 15 November 2013. 
  26. ^ Liwa al-Islam and her 9K33 Osa 31 July 2013. Retrieved 27 December 2013.
  27. ^ Video of 9K33 Osa shooting down SAF helicopter. Retrieved 27 December 2013.
  28. ^ "Islamist rebel air force takes off in Syria". Times of Israel. 3 November 2013. Retrieved 19 November 2013. 
  29. ^ Syrian troops launch offensive after dozens killed. 13 December 2013. Retrieved 27 December 2013.
  30. ^ ‘Slaughtered like sheep’: Eyewitnesses recount massacre in Adra, Syria 17 December 2013. Retrieved 27 December 2013.

External links[edit]