Army of Mujahedeen
|Army of Mujahedeen|
|Participant in the Syrian Civil War|
Official logo of the Army of Mujahedeen
|Active||2 January 2014 – present|
|Leaders||Cap. Mohammed Shakerdi
Sheikh Tawfiq Shahabuddin (Former)
Lt. Col. Abu Bakr (Former)
|Headquarters||Aleppo Governorate, Syria|
|Area of operations||Syria|
|Strength||More than 5,000–12,000|
|Part of||Syrian Revolutionary Command Council
|Allies||Syria Revolutionaries Front
Ajnad al-Sham Islamic Union
|Opponents||Syrian Armed Forces
Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant
|Battles and wars|
The Army of Mujahedeen (Arabic: جيش المجاهدين, Jaysh al-Mujahedeen) is a coalition of Islamist rebel groups which formed in order to fight the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) during the Syrian Civil War. The group accused ISIL of disrupting "security and stability" in areas that had been freed from the control of the Assad government. The spokesperson of the coalition said it would start operations in Idlib and Aleppo and gradually expand towards the rest of Syria.
The factions which formed the Army of Mujahedeen largely emerged from the villages and towns of the Aleppo hinterland. The Army does not have a political program, and although the member groups have an Islamist identity, they were largely non-ideological Free Syrian Army affiliated groups earlier in the Syrian Civil War. The three groups at the core of the alliance were Division 19, Fastaqim Kama Umirt and the Nour al-Din al-Zanki Islamic Brigades, which was also part of the Authenticity and Development Front. On 4 May 2014, the Army of Mujahedeen announced the withdrawal of the Nour al-Din al-Zanki Islamic Brigades from the coalition. On 3 June 2014, the Army announced the expulsion of Division 19's Liwaa al-Ansar unit and its leader, Abu Bakr, accusing them of theft and kidnapping. Charles Lister, of the Brookings Doha Center, described the Army of Mujahedeen as being a shadow of its former self by August 2014, partially due to a reduction in support it had received from foreign states. Fastaqim Kama Umirt left the group around December 2014.
In September 2014, the United States began planning weapon supplies to the group, and in the same month, fifty of the groups fighters were given military training in Qatar and supplied with BGM-71 TOW anti-tank missiles in a covert CIA program.
- al-Noor Islamic Movement
19th Division (FSA):
- Liwaa Amjad al-Islam
- Liwaa Ansar al-Khilafa
- al-Quds Brigades
- Khan al-Assal Free Brigades
- al-Shuyukh Brigade
- Liwaa al-Mujahireen
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- جيش المجاهدين يعلن في بيان له فصل لواء الأنصار وعزل قائده المقدم أبو بكر عن قيادته بسبب "تورطه في بقضايا سرقات وخطف وتهريب سجناء من داعش". 3-6-2014
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The 50 fighters were the first from their group to attend the training in Qatar, part of an ostensibly covert CIA program to offer military support to vetted factions in opposition to President Bashar al-Assad