Army of Mujahedeen

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Not to be confused with Jaish al-Mujahideen (Iraq).
Army of Mujahedeen
Participant in the Syrian Civil War
Army of Mujahedeen logo.png
Official logo of the Army of Mujahedeen
Active 2 January 2014 – present[1]
Ideology Sunni Islamism[2]
Leaders Cap. Mohammed Shakerdi[3]
Sheikh Tawfiq Shahabuddin (Former)[4]
Lt. Col. Abu Bakr (Former)[5]
Headquarters Aleppo Governorate, Syria
Area of operations Syria
Strength More than 5,000[6]–15,000[7]
Part of Ahl Al-Sham[8]
Syrian Revolutionary Command Council[9]
Levant Front[10]
Allies Syria Revolutionaries Front
Islamic Front
Al-Nusra Front
Ajnad al-Sham Islamic Union
Sham Legion
Alweiat Al-Furqan
[11]
Opponents Syrian Armed Forces
Islamic State[12]
Battles and wars

Syrian Civil War

The Army of Mujahedeen (Arabic: جيش المجاهدين‎, Jaysh al-Mujahedeen) is a coalition of Islamist rebel groups which formed in order to fight the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) during the Syrian Civil War.[13] The group accused ISIL of disrupting "security and stability" in areas that had been freed from the control of the Assad regime.[14] The spokesperson of the coalition said it would start operations in Idlib and Aleppo and gradually expand towards the rest of Syria.[1]

The factions which formed the Army of Mujahedeen largely emerged from the villages and towns of the Aleppo hinterland.[15][16] The Army does not have a political program, and although the member groups have an Islamist identity, they were largely non-ideological Free Syrian Army affiliated groups earlier in the Syrian Civil War.[15] The three groups at the core of the alliance were Division 19, Fastaqim Kama Umirt and the Nour al-Din al-Zanki Islamic Brigades, which was also part of the Authenticity and Development Front.[15] On 4 May 2014, the Army of Mujahedeen announced the withdrawal of the Nour al-Din al-Zanki Islamic Brigades from the coalition.[4] On 3 June 2014, the Army announced the expulsion of Division 19's Liwaa al-Ansar unit and its leader, Abu Bakr, accusing them of theft and kidnapping.[5] Charles Lister, of the Brookings Doha Center, described the Army of Mujahedeen as being a shadow of its former self by August 2014, partially due to a reduction in support it had received from foreign states.[17] The United States plans to supply weapons to the group,[18] though there are indications that the group is still being vetted.[19] Fastaqim Kama Umirt left the group in approximately December of 2014.[20]

Affiliated groups[edit]

  • al-Noor Islamic Movement

19th Division (FSA):

  • Liwaa Amjad al-Islam
  • Liwaa Ansar al-Khilafa
  • al-Quds Brigades
  • Khan al-Assal Free Brigades
  • al-Shuyukh Brigade
  • Liwaa al-Mujahireen[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Syrian Opposition Builds Army Against Assad, Al-Qaeda". Anadolu Agency. 3 January 2014. Retrieved 8 January 2014. 
  2. ^ "Syria opposition says it backs rebel fight against al-Qaeda". Al Arabiya News. 4 January 2014. Retrieved 5 January 2014. 
  3. ^ a b "Syria: Army of the Mujahideen Challenges ISIS Gains". Al Akhbar. 6 January 2014. Retrieved 9 January 2014. 
  4. ^ a b "Jeish al-Mujahideen Charter – Comment and Translation". Goha's Nail. 4 May 2014. Retrieved 30 May 2014. 
  5. ^ a b جيش المجاهدين يعلن في بيان له فصل لواء الأنصار وعزل قائده المقدم أبو بكر عن قيادته بسبب "تورطه في بقضايا سرقات وخطف وتهريب سجناء من داعش". 3-6-2014
  6. ^ "Pushing Back Against the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant: The Syria Revolutionaries’ Front and the Mujahideen Army". Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. 7 January 2014. Retrieved 7 January 2014. 
  7. ^ "Al Qaida rebels leave mass grave behind as they desert base in Syria". McClatchy. 6 January 2014. Retrieved 8 January 2014. 
  8. ^ "Aleppo: Syria's Stalingrad?". National Interest. 22 April 2014. Retrieved 22 May 2014. 
  9. ^ "Translation: the Formation of the Syrian Revolutionary Command Council". Goha's Nail. 3 August 2014. Retrieved 6 August 2014. 
  10. ^ "The Levant Front: Can Aleppo’s Rebels Unite?". Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. 26 December 2014. Retrieved 26 December 2014. 
  11. ^ "Freedom, Human Rights, Rule of Law: The Goals and Guiding Principles of the Islamic Front and Its Allies". Democratic Revolution, Syrian Style. 17 May 2014. Retrieved 17 May 2014. 
  12. ^ "Syria rebels unite and launch new revolt, against jihadists". AFP. 4 January 2014. Retrieved 28 April 2014. 
  13. ^ "Qaeda-Linked Insurgents Clash With Other Rebels in Syria, as Schism Grows". New York Times. 3 January 2014. Retrieved 5 January 2014. 
  14. ^ "Syrian rebels launch fierce offensive against al Qaeda fighters". Reuters. 4 January 2014. Retrieved 5 January 2014. 
  15. ^ a b c "The Mujahedeen Army of Aleppo". Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. 8 April 2014. Retrieved 12 May 2014. 
  16. ^ "Factbox: Syrian rebels against opposition coalition". Reuters. 25 September 2013. Retrieved 5 January 2014. 
  17. ^ "As ISIS closes in, is it game over for Syria's opposition in Aleppo?". CNN. 15 August 2014. Retrieved 25 August 2014. 
  18. ^ "After A Long Wait, Syrian Rebels Hope The Weapons Will Now Flow". NPR. 17 September 2014. Retrieved 17 September 2014. 
  19. ^ "U.S.-led air strikes pose problem for Assad's moderate foes". Reuters. 30 September 2014. Retrieved 30 September 2014. 
  20. ^ "The Levant Front: Can Aleppo’s Rebels Unite?". Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. 26 December 2014. Retrieved 26 December 2014. 

External links[edit]