Army of Republika Srpska

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Army of Republika Srpska
Војска Републике Српске (ВРС)
Vojska Republike Srpske (VRS)
Emblem Republika Srpska Army.svg
Oznaka pripadnosti vojsci Republike Srpske.svg
Emblem of the Army of Republika Srpska
Active 1992–2006
Size 80,000 soldiers (during the Bosnian War)[1][2]
Garrison/HQ Banja Luka, Republika Srpska
Anniversaries 1992 founded, 2001 re-organisation
Engagements Bosnian War, Croatian War of Independence
Commanders
Notable
commanders
Ratko Mladić (1992-1996)[3]

The Army of Republika Srpska (Serbian: Војска Републике Српске (ВРС); Serbian, Bosnian, Croatian Vojska Republike Srpske (VRS)) also referred to as the Bosnian Serb Army, was the military of today's Republika Srpska which was then the "Serbian Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina", a self-proclaimed state within the internationally recognized territory of the sovereign Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Starting in 2003 the army began to integrate into the Armed Forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina. In 2005 a fully integrated unit of Serbs, Bosniaks, and Croats was deployed to augment the U.S.-led coalition forces in Iraq.[4] On 6 June 2006, it was fully integrated into Armed Forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina controlled by the Ministry of Defence of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

History[edit]

The Army of the Republika Srpska (VRS) was founded on 12 May 1992 from the remnants of the Yugoslav People's Army (JNA) of the former Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia from which Bosnia and Herzegovina had seceded the same year. When the Bosnian War erupted, the JNA formally discharged 80,000 ethnically Serb troops who lived in Bosnia and were garrisoned there. These troops, who were allowed to keep their heavy weapons, formed the backbone of the newly formed Army of the Republika Srpska.[5] Aside from being made up almost entirely of Serb Orthodox officers and recruits from Bosnia and Herzegovina, the VRS also utilized the services of approximately 4,000 foreign Orthodox Christian volunteers to participate in combat operations during the Bosnian War. 1,000-1,500 of these came from Russia, the Ukraine and Bulgaria,[6] with 700 volunteers originating from Russia specifically.[7] 100 Greeks also volunteered to fight on the side of the Bosnian Serbs, forming the Greek Volunteer Guard and allegedly participating in the Srebrenica massacre.[8]

The military leader of VRS was General Ratko Mladić, who is now indicted at the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY) for genocide, as are other high-ranking Serb officers. Mladić was finally arrested in Serbia on 26 May 2011.

Special Units[edit]

    • Специјална Јединица "МАНДО" – Special unit "Mando"
    • Гарда Пантери – The Guard "Panteri"
    • Бели Вукови – White Wolves
    • Специјална Јединица "ПEШA" – Special unit "Pesa"

Organization[edit]

1993[edit]

1995[edit]

  • 1st Krajina Corps - Banja Luka
  • 2nd Krajina Corps - Drvar
M-77 Oganj MLRs of VRS
M-84 main battle tank of VRS
  • East Bosnia Corps - Bijeljina
  • Sarajevo-Romanija Corps - Pale
  • Drina Corps - Han Pijesak
  • Herzegovina Corps - Bileća

2001[edit]

  • 1st Corps - Banja Luka
  • 3rd Corps - Bijeljina
  • 5th Corps - Sokolac
  • 7th Corps - Bileća

Equipment[edit]

Tanks[edit]

Towed Artillery[edit]

Self-Propelled Artillery[edit]

MLRS[edit]

ATGW[edit]

Anti-Tank Guns[edit]

Anti-Aircraft Guns[edit]

MANPADs and SAMs[edit]

Infantry Weapons[edit]

Aircraft inventory of Republika Srpska Air Force[edit]

Formerly known as Ratno Vazduhoplovstva i Protiv Vazdušna Odbrana Vojska Republike Srpske or RV i PVO RS. Beginning on 1 June 2004, the Republika Srpska Air Force was officially called, Prvi Puk Vazduhoplovstva i Protiv Vazdušna Odbrana Vojske Republike Srpske, also known as 1st Aviation Regiment and Air Defence Force of the Republic of Srpska's Army.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ramet 2010, p. 130
  2. ^ Jonathan S. Landay (15 August 1994). "UN Says Lifting Bosnia Embargo May Hurt Muslims, Help Serbs". The Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved 4 March 2013. 
  3. ^ "THE INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL TRIBUNAL FOR THE FORMER YUGOSLAVIA - Case No. IT-95-5/18-I". UN - ICTY. 2007. Archived from the original on 2007-09-19. Retrieved 2007-09-26. "On 12 May 1992, Ratko MLADIC was appointed Commander of the Main Staff of the VRS, a position he held until at least 22 December 1996. On 24 June 1994, Ratko MLADIC was promoted to the rank of General Colonel." 
  4. ^ Nedim Dervisbegovic (2005-06-02). "Bosnia's first unified army platoon deployed to Iraq". signonsandiego. Archived from the original on 15 October 2007. Retrieved 2007-09-26. 
  5. ^ John Kifner (27 January 1994). "Yugoslav Army Reported Fighting In Bosnia to Help Serbian Forces". The New York Times. Retrieved 4 March 2013. 
  6. ^ Innes 2006, p. 157
  7. ^ Thomas 2006, p. 13
  8. ^ Helena Smith (5 January 2003). "Greece faces shame of role in Serb massacre". The Guardian. Retrieved 4 March 2013. 

Books[edit]