Army ranks and insignia of India

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Indian Armed Forces
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Triservices Crest.
Military Manpower
Active troops 1,325,000 (3rd)
Reserve forces 1,155,000 (7th)
Paramilitary forces 1,293,300 (4th)
Components
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Indian Navy Naval Ensign of India.svg
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Paramilitary forces of India
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History
Military history of India
Ranks
Air Force ranks and insignia
Army ranks and insignia
Naval ranks and insignia

The following tables present the ranks of the Indian army. These ranks generally correspond with those of Western militaries, and in particular reflect those of the British and Commonwealth armies. Traditional names for ranks are still used, as well as western names.

Field marshal[edit]

India has a field marshal rank, but it is mostly honorary. It does not currently exist in the army organizational structure, and has been conferred on only two officers in the past, namely the late Field Marshal Kodandera Madappa Cariappa and the late Field Marshal Manekshaw.

A field marshal, unlike other officers, does not draw a pension. He gets the full pay of a general equal to the Chief of the Army Staff until his death. He wears full uniform on all official occasions and runs an office in army headquarters. He also has a dedicated secretariat of his own.

Ranks and Insignia[edit]

Equivalent NATO Code OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) and Student Officer
Ranks of the Indian Army- Officer Ranks
Shoulder Field Marshal of the Indian Army.svg General of the Indian Army.svg Lieutenant General of the Indian Army.svg Major General of the Indian Army.svg Brigadier of the Indian Army.svg Colonel of the Indian Army.svg Lieutenant Colonel of the Indian Army.svg Major of the Indian Army.svg Captain of the Indian Army.svg Lieutenant of the Indian Army.svg 2nd Lieutenant Indian Army.gif
Rank Field Marshal1 General Lieutenant
General
Major
General
Brigadier Colonel Lieutenant
Colonel
Major Captain Lieutenant Second
Lieutenant
2
  • 1Honorary/War time rank.
  • 2No longer used. All new officers are commissioned as lieutenants.
Ranks of the Indian Army - JCO's and Other Ranks
Junior Commissioned Officer Other ranks
Shoulder Subedar Major - Risaldar Major of the Indian Army.svg Subedar - Risaldar of the Indian Army.svg Naib Subedar - Naib Risaldar of the Indian Army.svg Arm Indian Army Havildar.gif Indian Army Naik.gif Indian Army Lance Naik.gif
Rank Subedar
Major
1
Subedar2 Naib
Subedar
3
Havildar Lance Naik Naik Sepoy4
  • 1 In Cavalry & Armour regiments, rank is Risaldar Major
  • 2 In Cavalry & Armour regiments, rank is Risaldar
  • 3 In Cavalry & Armour regiments, rank is Naib Risaldar
  • 4 No Insignia

The Havildar appointments of Company Quartermaster Havildar, Company Havildar Major, Regimental Quartermaster Havildar and Regimental Havildar Major are no longer used in the Indian Army and those duties are now performed by JCOs.[1][2][3]

Commissioned officers[edit]

Commissioned officers are the leaders of the army and command units anywhere from company to army size. Dress insignia are in gold (outlined in red for those of two-star rank and higher) and in silver for field insignia.

Ranks Insignia Notes
Field marshal National emblem over a crossed baton and saber in a lotus blossom wreath. Only two appointments have ever been made.
General National emblem over a five-pointed star, all over a crossed baton and saber. Held only by the Chairman of the Chiefs of Staff Committee or Chief of Army Staff of the Indian Army
Lieutenant general National emblem over crossed baton and saber.
Major general Five-pointed star over crossed baton and saber.
Brigadier National emblem over three five-pointed stars in a triangular formation.
Colonel National emblem over two five-pointed stars
Lieutenant Colonel National emblem over five-pointed star.
Major National emblem.
Captain Three five-pointed stars.
Lieutenant Two five-pointed stars.
Second lieutenant Five-pointed star. The rank of second lieutenant is no longer used and all new officers are commissioned as lieutenants.

Junior commissioned officers[edit]

Junior commissioned officers are commissioned as officers from the ranks and are broadly equivalent to senior non-commissioned officers in Western armies.

Ranks Insignia
Infantry and other arms Cavalry and armour
Subedar major Risaldar major Gold national emblem with stripe
Subedar Risaldar Two gold stars with stripe
Naib subedar Naib risaldar One gold star with stripe

Non-commissioned officers[edit]

Non-commissioned officers ("NCOs") are soldiers promoted to positions of responsibility, and are broadly similar to junior non-commissioned officers in Western armies.

Ranks Insignia
Infantry and other arms Cavalry and armour
Havildar Daffadar Three rank chevrons
Naik Lance daffadar Two rank chevrons
Lance naik Acting lance daffadar Single rank chevron
Sepoy (Sipahi) / Jawan Plain shoulder badge only

Retired Officers: Form of Address[edit]

On 21 July 2014, the Indian Army issued a circular for retired personnel informing them that the correct form of addressing a retired officer is "Brigadier ABC (Retd) and not Brig (Retd) ABC".[4] The reason for this was stated as being, "Rank never retires, it is an officer that retires."[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.indianarmy.gov.in/writereaddata/documents/psdte311212.pdf
  2. ^ http://indianarmy.nic.in/Site/RTI/rti/DSR/DSR_VOLUME_1/CHAPTER_04/53.htm
  3. ^ "Rules of the Raj hindering havildars' promotion". The New Indian Express. 
  4. ^ a b http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/Rank-never-retires-officer-does-Army/articleshow/39538647.cms

External links[edit]