Arna, Norway

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Arna bydel
Borough
Coat of arms of Arna bydel
Coat of arms
Coordinates: 60°25′6″N 5°28′18″E / 60.41833°N 5.47167°E / 60.41833; 5.47167Coordinates: 60°25′6″N 5°28′18″E / 60.41833°N 5.47167°E / 60.41833; 5.47167
Country Norway
City Bergen
Area
 • Total 102.44 km2 (39.55 sq mi)
Area rank 2nd
  ca. 22% of total
Population (2013)
 • Total 13,210
 • Rank 8th
 • Density 130/km2 (330/sq mi)
  4.93% of total
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code NO-120101

Arna is a borough and suburb of Bergen, Norway, and a former municipality in Hordaland county.

Arna has approximately 12,000 inhabitants. Situated behind mount Ulriken, Arna is geographically close to downtown Bergen, but it takes some time to drive there by road as there is no road tunnel as yet. However, a train journey from Arna station to Bergen only takes eight minutes. The stations of Takvam and Trengereid are also within the borough. The borough consists of Haukeland, Unneland, Espeland, Rødland, Haugland, Gaupås, Ytre Arna, Indre Arna, Arnatveit, Garnes, Takvam, Songstad and Trengereid.

Gullfjellet, 987 metres, is the highest mountain in Bergen.

The name[edit]

The Norse forms of the name were Arni (nominative) and Arna (dative), and this was originally the old name of Arnavågen bay. The name is very old, and it is maybe related to the Italian name Arno.

In the dialect of the district, the name was traditionally pronounced Ådna. This form is used in the names Ådnamarka, Ådnavegen, Ådnatun and Ådnanipa (or Arnanipa).

History[edit]

The parish of Haus was established as a municipality 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt), including the annex Bruvik. On 1 January 1870, Bruvik, with 2,062 inhabitants, was separated from Haus to form a municipality of its own. The split left Haus with a population of 4,229. On 1 January 1964, the part of Haus in Osterøy was transferred to the new municipality of Osterøy, whereas the remaining part on the mainland formed the municipality of Arna.

On 1 January 1972, Bergen was expanded by merging the municipalities of Arna, Bergen, Fana, Laksevåg and Åsane into one. By the time of the merger Arna had a population of 11,766.