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Arna has approximately 12,000 inhabitants. Situated behind mount Ulriken, Arna is geographically close to downtown Bergen, but it takes some time to drive there by road as there is no road tunnel as yet. However, a train journey from Arna station to Bergen only takes eight minutes. The stations of Takvam and Trengereid are also within the borough. The borough consists of Haukeland, Unneland, Espeland, Rødland, Haugland, Gaupås, Ytre Arna, Indre Arna, Arnatveit, Garnes, Takvam, Songstad and Trengereid.
Gullfjellet, 987 metres, is the highest mountain in Bergen.
The parish of Haus was established as a municipality 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt), including the annex Bruvik. On 1 January 1870, Bruvik, with 2,062 inhabitants, was separated from Haus to form a municipality of its own. The split left Haus with a population of 4,229. On 1 January 1964, the part of Haus in Osterøy was transferred to the new municipality of Osterøy, whereas the remaining part on the mainland formed the municipality of Arna.
On 1 January 1972, Bergen was expanded by merging the municipalities of Arna, Bergen, Fana, Laksevåg and Åsane into one. By the time of the merger Arna had a population of 11,766.