Arnac-Pompadour

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Arnac-Pompadour
Chateau of Arnac-Pompadour
Chateau of Arnac-Pompadour
Coat of arms of Arnac-Pompadour
Coat of arms
Arnac-Pompadour is located in France
Arnac-Pompadour
Arnac-Pompadour
Coordinates: 45°23′50″N 1°22′55″E / 45.3972°N 1.3819°E / 45.3972; 1.3819Coordinates: 45°23′50″N 1°22′55″E / 45.3972°N 1.3819°E / 45.3972; 1.3819
Country France
Region Limousin
Department Corrèze
Arrondissement Brive-la-Gaillarde
Canton Lubersac
Intercommunality Pays de Pompadour
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Jean-Michel Reillier
Area
 • Land1 15.09 km2 (5.83 sq mi)
Population (2009)
 • Population2 1,226
 • Population2 density 81/km2 (210/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 19011 / 19230
Elevation 279–475 m (915–1,558 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Arnac-Pompadour (Occitan: Arnac Pompador) is a French commune in the Corrèze department in the Limousin region of central France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Pompadours[1]

In Limousin and on directional signs, the commune is usually simply called Pompadour although the actual village of Pompadour is shared between Arnac-Pompadour and Saint-Sornin-Lavolps.

The name of Pompadour became world famous due to the favourite of Louis XV: Madame de Pompadour (Jeanne-Antoinette Poisson) to whom the King gave the chateau of Pompadour and the associated title of Marquise.

The town is famous for its chateau and its stud farm, the Pompadour National Anglo-Arab Stud, headquarters of the French National Stud and France's principal production centre of Anglo-Arabian horses (although the racecourse is actually outside the commune).

Geography[edit]

Arnac-Pompadour is located some 25 km south-east of Saint-Yrieix-la-Perche and 35 km west by north-west of Brive-la-Gaillarde. Access to the commune is by the D901 road from Lubersac in the north-east passing through the southern part of the commune and the town and continuing south-west to Juillac. The D7 road also comes from Troche in the south-east passing through the town and continuing to Payzac in the west. The D126 goes north from the town through the length of the commune to join the D149 north of the commune. A railway passes through the commune with a railway station at the town. The commune is mixed forest and farmland. Apart from the town there are also the following hamlets in the commune:

  • Le Mias
  • Le Queyraud
  • La Federie
  • La Pourelie
  • Plaisance
  • Le Puy Chateau
  • Arnac
  • Laumonerie
  • Chignac
  • Bois Redon
  • Les Combes
  • La Foret Basse
  • Puy Marmont

The Auvézère river passes through the north of the commune flowing from east to west. Several tributaries flow north to join it in the commune.[2]

Neighbouring communes and villages[2][edit]

History[edit]

Arnac was inhabited in Gallo-Roman times by a landowner named Artonacus or Artonos.

Pompadour belonged to one of the oldest lordships in Limousin: the Lastours, Vicomte de Pompadour. The first castle was built in 1026 by Guy de Lastours to defend his possessions, coveted by the Vicomte de Ségur. He also rebuilt Arnac church and established a monastery there, given to Saint Martial's Abbey in Limoges.

As centuries went by, the suzerainty of the Pompadours spread to all the adjoining parishes. Geoffroi Hélie de Pompadour rebuilt extended the castle in the 15th century having in 1513 inherited the illustrious Viscounty of Comborn. The House of Pompadour had reached the religious, military and political heights. Elevated to a marquisate, it died out at the dawn of the 18th century, with several successive deaths.

After that family died out the inheritance (including the estate, the title and coat-of-arms) was disputed in a long trial between the Prince of Conti and the Marquis de La Vallière and it was finally transferred to the Crown. In 1745, Louis XV gave it to his favourite, Mme d'Étiolles, who was given the title Marquise de Pompadour.

In 1760, a few years before her death, she left the castle and it returned to the Crown. In the following year Louis XV established a Royal Stud at the Castle and the 333 hectare estate (spread across several communes) based on the private stud that had been established by the Marquise in 1751. It was closed at the fall of the Ancien Regime then re-established by the French Directory in 1795 and became the National Stud in 1872. It is currently a famous National Stud specialising particularly in developing the Anglo-Arab breed.

During the French Revolution the commune took the name Arnac-la-Prairie.[3]

Heraldry[edit]

Arms of Arnac-Pompadour

The official status of the blazon remains to be determined

Blazon:
Azure, 3 towers embattled masoned in Sable.




Administration[edit]

List of Successive Mayors[4]

From To Name Party Position
2001 2014 Jean Michel Reillier PS

(Not all data is known)

Demography[edit]

In 2009 the commune had 1,226 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Evolution of the Population (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
1,016 980 930 1,093 1,196 1,346 1,386 1,415 1,408
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
1,370 1,338 1,342 1,198 1,356 1,425 1,541 1,668 1,676
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
1,690 1,747 1,807 1,643 1,545 1,556 1,562 1,513 1,447
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2009 -
1,446 1,359 1,441 1,467 1,444 1,334 1,281 1,226 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)


Population of Arnac-Pompadour

Sites and Monuments[edit]

Chateau de Pompadour
  • The Château de Pompadour, registered in 1926 as a historical monument.[5] [6] Of the castrum of Guy de Lastours, built around 1000, nothing remains. The castle was completely rebuilt in the 15th century by Geoffrey Helie de Pompadour[7] who became marquis in 1614. The title of Marquis de Pompadour became famous when King Louis XV gave it to his mistress, the famous Marquise de Pompadour in 1745. The marquisate was bought in 1761 by the Duke of Choiseul before the creation in 1763 of the horse centre by the Comptroller General of Finance Bertin. The castle was no longer maintained and was not habitable in 1790 apart from the middle part. After 1793 the castle was mostly pulled down leaving no more than part of the middle and the gatehouse.
  • Church of Saint-Pierre and Saint-Pardoux from the 11th century, classified in 1846 as a historical monument.[8]
  • The Pompadour Racecourse is known as the city of the horse and organizes racing every Sunday during the summer in the outdoor enclosure facing the castle. It also hosts an international cross-country course.
  • The 'Club Méditerranée of Pompadour village hosts many French and European holidaymakers. It has an accommodation capacity of 450 rooms and numerous sports facilities (19 tennis courts, 3 rding courses with two first-class, five riding schools, a rugby/soccer field etc.). This property has been known since the 1970s to be the spearhead of horse riding for Club Med.
  • The National Stud of Pompadour houses the headquarters of the National Stud .
  • The Stallion stables of Puy-Marmont houses about 65 stallions of various breeds.

Notable people linked to the commune[edit]

  • Joseph Brunet, born at Arnac-Pompadour on 4 March 1829, died at La Bourgade (Haute-Vienne) on 6 January 1891, was a magistrate and politician, Minister of Public Instruction, Culture, and Fine Arts in 1877, Senator for Correze from 1876 to 1885.
  • Jules Comby (1853–1947), a famous pediatrician was born in the commune
  • Eugene Gayot, former director of the National Stud of Pompadour.
  • Pierre Villepreux (1943-), a former rugby union player and national team coach was born in the commune
  • Pierre Pechdo, former director of the National Stud of Pompadour.


Philately[edit]

A postage stamp, worth 3.00 francs (€0.46), representing Arnac-Pompadour castle was issued on 10 July 1999.[9] A postage stamp for 20g priority letters depicting Arnac-Pompadour castle was issued in 2012. It was part of the "Castles and stately homes of our regions 2012" series.[10]

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Inhabitants of Corrèze (French)
  2. ^ a b Google Maps
  3. ^ Communal Notice Cassini (French)
  4. ^ List of Mayors of France (French)
  5. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice PA00099655 Chateau de Pompadour (French)
  6. ^ Christian Remy, The château de Pompadour, pp. 271-287, in Archaeological Congress of France, 163rd session, Corrèze, 2005, French Society of Archaeology, Paris, 2007 (French)
  7. ^ Ulysse magazine, September-October 2009, p.12 (French)
  8. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice PA00099656 Church of St. Peter and St, Pardoux (French)
  9. ^ The Stamp in 1999 on the Wikitimbres.fr website (French)
  10. ^ Series "Castles and stately homes of our regions 2012" (French)