Arnauld family

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The Arnauld family was a noble French family prominent in the 17th century, and closely associated with Jansenism, associating frequently with the Jansenist religious communities in Port-Royal de Paris and Port-Royal des Champs. While their base of operations was in Paris, the family's roots were in the Auvergne region of France.

The person remembered as founding the family was Antoine Arnauld (b. 1560, d. 1619 CE). Legendarily, the "original sin" that led to the Jesuits (among others) becoming bitter foes to the Arnaulds was a speech given in 1594 by Antoine (an eloquent lawyer) apologizing for the University of Paris against the Jesuits. Of Antoine's and Catherine Marion de Druy's 20 children, only ten would survive childhood- but 9 of them would become involved in the Port-Royal projects, going on variously to become poets, authors, translators, monks etc. Indeed, Marie Angélique de Sainte Madeleine, (b. 1591, d. 1661) would become an abbess of the Port-Royal Cistercian house, where she is remembered for her reforms (prompted by St. Francis de Sales). One of the aforementioned authors was Antoine Arnauld (b. 1612, d. 1694), who spent his efforts on attacking the Jesuits from his position in the Sorbonne, while his elder brother (and sister of Madeleine) Robert Arnauld d'Andilly, (b. 1588, d. 1674) spent his life at the Port-Royal translating texts and writing noted religious poetry.

Family tree[edit]

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Antoine Arnauld (1560–1619)
 
Isaac Arnauld (1566–1617)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Robert Arnauld d'Andilly Champaigne.jpg
Robert Arnauld d'Andilly
(1589–1674)
 
Catherine Arnauld
(1590–1661)
 
Angélique Arnauld Port Royal.jpg
Angélique Arnauld
(1591–1661)
 
Agnès Arnauld
(1593–1672)
 
Henri Arnauld, jansenist bishop of Angers.jpg
Henri Arnauld, bishop of Angers
(1597–1692)
 
Antoine Arnauld.jpg
Antoine Arnauld,
known as le Grand Arnauld
(1612–1694)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Antoine Arnauld,
known as l'abbé Arnauld
(1616–1698)
 
Pomponne.jpg
Simon Arnauld de Pomponne
(1618–1699)
 
Angélique de Saint-Jean Arnauld d'Andilly
(1624–1684)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Abbé de Pomponne.jpg
Henri Charles Arnauld de Pomponne
(1669–1756)

External links[edit]