Arnay-le-Duc

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Arnay-le-Duc
Arnay-le-Duc FR (march 2008).jpg
Coat of arms of Arnay-le-Duc
Coat of arms
Arnay-le-Duc is located in France
Arnay-le-Duc
Arnay-le-Duc
Coordinates: 47°07′19″N 4°29′24″E / 47.122°N 4.49°E / 47.122; 4.49Coordinates: 47°07′19″N 4°29′24″E / 47.122°N 4.49°E / 47.122; 4.49
Country France
Region Burgundy
Department Côte-d'Or
Arrondissement Beaune
Canton Arnay-le-Duc
Intercommunality Pays d'Arnay
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2020) Claude Chave
Area1 11.95 km2 (4.61 sq mi)
Population (2009)2 1,674
 • Density 140/km2 (360/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 21023 / 21230
Elevation 328–412 m (1,076–1,352 ft)
(avg. 375 m or 1,230 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Arnay-le-Duc is a French commune in the Côte-d'Or department in the Burgundy region of eastern France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Arnétois or Arnétoises[1]

Geography[edit]

Arnay-le-Duc is located some 25 km north-west of Beaune and some 35 km south-east of Saulieu. Access to the commune is by the D906 road from Lacanche in the south-east passing though the town and continuing north-west. The D981 comes from the end of the A38 autoroute in the north-east and passes through the town continuing to the south-west where it becomes National Highway N81. These two roads were originally Gallo-Roman roads linking Autun and Alesia, then in the Middle Ages linking the Rhone corridor to fairs in Champagne. The D17 comes from Marcheseuil in the west passing through the town and continuing to Bligny-sur-Ouche in the east. The D117A goes north from the town to Allerey. The D36 branches off the D981 south of the town and goes to Maligny. Apart from the town there is the hamlet of Chassenay in the south-west of the commune. Apart from the town and two large forests in the north-east, the commune is all farmland.[2]

The Arroux river passes through the town from west to east forming part of the western border of the commune and gathering several tributaries rising in the commune. The Arroux eventually joins the Loire at Digoin. The Ruisseau de Barive forms the eastern border of the commune flowing north to join the Arroux.[2]

Neighbouring communes and villages[2][edit]

History[edit]

  • Arnay-le-Duc was the location of the worship of the Celtic god Abilus, who was associated with the goddess Damona.
  • Battle of Arnay-le-Duc' on 27 June 1570: During the French Wars of Religion the Catholic armies of Artus de Cossé-Brissac (Marshal of Cossé) were beaten by the Protestant armies of Gaspard II de Coligny. This was the first military engagement of Henry of Navarre, the future Henri IV. Jean de La Taille was wounded.
  • The arrest of the fleeing aunts of King Louis XVI occurred here in February to March 1791.
  • During the revolutionary period of the National Convention (1792-1795), the town took the name of Arnay-sur-Arroux.[3][4] It was the capital of the district of Arnay-sur-Arroux from 1790 to 1795.
  • On 3 December 1870, during the Franco-Prussian War, a military engagement took place here.

Heraldry[edit]

Arms of Arnay-le-Duc
Blazon:

Azure, 3 towers turreted and roofed Argent, doors of Or, masined, windowed, and flagged in Sable, the middle tower higher.



Administration[edit]

Entry to the town

List of Successive Mayors[5]

From To Name Party Position
1912 1918 Nicolas Justin Hutin
1918 1919 Claude Bullier
1919 1925 Georges Horloger
1925 1926 Claude Bullier
1926 1965 Claude Guyot SFIO MP for Côte-d'Or
1965 1965 Louis Lucien Marcel Desauge DVG
1966 1971 Henri Cordier DVG
1971 1983 Pierre Meunier PC MP for Côte-d'Or
1983 1989 Jacques Linguanotto DVD
1989 1995 Jeanine Orliac DVG
1995 2008 Pierre Deloince PS
2008 2020 Claude Chave UMP

(Not all data is known)

Twinning[edit]

Arnay-le-Duc has twinning associations with:[6]

Demography[edit]

In 2009 the commune had 1,674 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Evolution of the Population (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
2,550 2,413 2,620 2,368 2,563 2,617 2,511 2,511 2,473
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
2,476 2,531 2,559 2,592 2,581 2,626 2,580 2,876 2,644
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
2,666 2,782 2,581 2,092 2,030 2,021 1,972 1,946 1,900
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2009 -
2,018 2,232 2,456 2,334 2,040 1,829 - 1,674 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)


Population of Arnay-le-Duc

Culture and heritage[edit]

Civil heritage[edit]

The commune has a number of buildings and structures that are registered as historical monuments:

  • A House at Place Carnot (16th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[7]
  • The Maugars House at Rue du Collège (16th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[8]
  • A House at 24 Rue Saint-Honoré (16th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[9]
  • The Hospice of Saint-Pierre at Rue Saint-Jacques (1686).Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[10] The Hospice contains several items that are registered as historical objects:
    • A Soup Turreen (18th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[11]
    • Many Plates and Dishes (16th-18th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[12]
    • A Mortar bowl (1595)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[13]
    • 7 Pharmacy pots (18th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[14]
    • A Sideboard (18th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[15]
    • A Painting: Virgin and child (15th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[16]
  • The Hospital of Saint-Pierre at Rue Saint-Jacques (1692)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[17] The Hospital contains a very large number of items that are registered as historical objects. For a complete list with links to descriptions (in French) click here.
  • The Tower of Motte-Forte (14th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[18]
  • The Château of the Princes de Condé (1550)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[19]
The Chateau of the Princes of Condé Picture Gallery
Other sights

Religious heritage[edit]

The commune has two religious buildings that are registered as historical monuments:

  • The former Capuchin Convent (1776)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[20] The Convent, which is now the local hospital, contains four Paintings (16th-19th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg which are registered as historical objects.[21]
  • The former Priory of the Order of Saint-Benedict (15th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[22] is outside the walls in the Saint-Jacques district.
  • The Church of Saint-Laurent was originally created as a fortified chapel for the Château de la Motte-Forte. In 1092 the chapel was donated to the town by the nobleman Gérard d'Arnay and from that time on served as the town's church. The church has particularly attractive stained glass windows. The church as is known today was created during the 15th (nave) and 16th century (chancel and ten chapels). The loft and steeple where added during the 18th century. The Church contains many items that are registered as historical objects:
    • Statues (16th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[23]
    • A Group Sculpture: Virgin of Pity (16th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[24]
    • 6 Candlesticks and an Altar Cross (1860)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[25]
    • Paintings (15th-17th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[26]
    • The War Memorial (1924)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[27]
    • Monumental Paintings (19th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[28]
    • The Furniture in the ChurchLogo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[29]
  • The Convent of the Ursulines of Arnay-le-Duc was sold as national property on 7 December 1793 (17 Frimaire Year II) and is currently the Town Hall.
The Church of Saint-Laurent Picture Gallery

Flowery Commune[edit]

Arnay-le-Duc has been awarded two flowers by the National Council of Towns and Villages in Bloom in the Competition of cities and villages in Bloom.[30]

Notable people linked to the commune[edit]

  • Bonaventure des Périers, a French storyteller, may have been born in 1510 in Arnay-le-Duc and died there in 1543.
  • Pierrette-Claudine Quarré d'Aligny de Jully (1727-), a nun in the convent of the Ursulines.
  • Louise Thérèze Quarré d'Aligny de Jully (1729-), a nun in the convent of the Ursulines, sister of Pierette-Claudine.[31]
  • Jean Baptiste Fondard, born in Arnay-le-Duc on 31 October 1733 who, after a long career in the royal army, was elected on 3 September 1791 to be Lieutenant Colonel 2nd in command of the 2nd battalion of volunteers Côte-d'Or and died 11 June 1792 in the Battle of La Glisuelle.
  • Charles Théveneau de Morande, pamphleteer, spy, controversial French journalist, born 9 November 1741 in Arnay-le-Duc and died there in 1805.
  • General Baron Claude Testot-Ferry, veteran of the republican, Imperial, and Royal armies, Commander of the Legion of Honour, born in Arnay-le-Duc on 20 May 1773 and died in Châtillon-sur-Seine on 25 August 1856. A commemorative plaque was unveiled on 16 September 2007 at his birthplace (Rue des Trois Turelles) at a meeting organized in his memory by the town and the Napoleonic Remembrance chaired by Alain Pigeard.
  • François Auguste Dubois, born in Arnay-le-Duc in 1814 and died in Paris in 1888, MP for Côte-d'Or between 1871 and 1888.
  • Claude Guyot, born at Chassenay on 28 February 1890, his parents were farmers. He followed a sound education that made him a Bachelor of Arts and Associate of Grammar. A teacher of Latin and Greek at a high school in Dijon, he was promoted to be an Officer of the Legion of Honour for National Education. Married to Jeanne Vollot, daughter of a former mayor of Arnay-le-Duc, he had another link with the commune: his paternal grandfather was Republican mayor of Maligny. At its meeting of 27 December 1926, the municipal council of the city of Arnay-le-Duc elected Claude Guyot as Mayor and he remained until his death on 30 April 1965. Mobilized in 1939 then demobilised in 1940, he was dismissed in 1942 and the city council of Arnay-le-Duc was dissolved by ministerial order published in the Official Journal dated 8 March 1942. On 17 September 1944, Claude Guyot recovered his seat as mayor of Arnay-le-Duc and reappeared in the joy of liberation. During his absence Claude Guyot resisted the call from General de Gaulle and created, in November 1943, the first Departmental Committee for the Liberation of Côte d'Or which at Liberation earned him the Presidency of the Regional Committee and, in 1947, the Medal of the Resistance. A historian, he has published several books.
  • Denis Barberet (1714-1770), physician, scientist.
  • Jules Poillot, MP under the French Third Republic.
  • Pierre Meunier, deputy mayor of the commune, born in Dijon on 15 August 1908, made a career in public finance and became financial controller of the Ministries of Public Health and of Labour. He made the acquaintance of Jean Moulin in the cabinet of Pierre Cot, the Air Minister in 1936. On 27 May 1943 he was appointed Secretary General of the National Council of the Resistance (CNR) chaired by Jean Moulin. After the arrest of Jean Moulin he continued the clandestine struggle alongside Georges Bidault who chaired the CNR. In 1945-46 Pierre Meunier Chief of Staff for Maurice Thorez, Minister of State in charge of public functions. In this capacity he developed the status of civil servants. Pierre Meunier filled many elective mandates: Member of the Consultative Assembly, he was elected General Counsel for Arnay-le-Duc in 1945, MP for Côte-d'Or from 1946 to 1958, Vice-President of the National Assembly, regional adviser on Burgundy from 1976 to 1979. He was mayor of Arnay-le-Duc from 1971 to 1983.
  • Jean Nasica, born in Prato in Corsica, the son of a soldier. He became a doctor and arrived by mistake in Arnay-le-Duc, where he settled as a general practitioner. In 1939 war broke out but Nasica, nicknamed "The Doc", continued to be the "doctor of the poor" but he incited hatred towards the German invaders. Later the Germans and Vichy became interested in him and he participated in the creation of the maquis Rene Laforge. He eventually died during a shootout between resistance and German soldiers. Many monuments are dedicated to him. In 2008, a fictional documentary was made. It was the culmination of two years of work between students of the Pierre Meunier school and the Claude Guyot College.
  • Albert Albrier, (1845-1878), writer.
  • Tristan Maya, (1926-2000), writer, poet, literary critic, novelist, member of the Academy of Morvan.
  • François Deroye (1884-1914), aviator
  • Paul Lacoste (1920-1995), surgeon, professor of anatomy, and painter.

Television[edit]

The town was the setting of the television show Coup de foudre au prochain village (Thunderbolt in the next village) broadcast on TF1 in February 2013.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Adkins, Lesley & Adkins, Roy A. (1996). Dictionary of Roman Religion. Facts on File, inc. ISBN 0-8160-3005-7.
  • Albert Albrier, The Mayors of Arnay-le-Duc, J.-E. Rabutot, Dijon, 1868, 2nd edition by Tristan Maya, 1985 (French)
  • Ignacio Catalan, "Luna Lunera, of Arnay-le-Duc at Beaune, un parcours de jeunesse". (French)
  • Pierre Creusvaux. Roman Ways in Arnay Country. Les Amis du Pays d'Arnay, 2004. (French)
  • Didier Godard, The Châteaux of the Canton of Arnay-le-Duc, Editions d'Arnay, 37 rue César Lavirotte, 21230 Arnay-le-Duc, 2009. (French)
  • Didier Godard, Historical Guide to Arnay-le-Duc (éd. d'Arnay, 2009) (French)
  • Didier Godard, The Cenetery at Arnay (éd. d'Arnay, 2009). (French)
  • Didier Godard, The clog maker of Arnay, Editions d'Arnay, 2010. (French)
  • Didier Godard, The Lady's Way. Adelaide and Victoria of Versailles at Trieste by Arnay-le-Duc, Editions d'Arnay, 2012 (French)
  • J.P.C. Lavirotte, Annals of the town of Arnay-le-Duc in Burgundy. Preface by Jean Richard. Laffitte Reprints, 1980. (French)
  • Bernard Leblanc. Arnay-le-Duc and its canton through old postcards. Préface de Pierre Meunier. Les Amis du Pays d'Arnay, 1980. (French)
  • Bernard Leblanc. Churches and Chapels. Saints in the canton of Arnay-le-Duc. Les Amis du Pays d'Arnay, 2008. (French)
  • Jean Prudhon, The protestants of Arnay-le-Duc from its origins to the Edict of Nantes, Editions d'Arnay, 2012. (French)
  • Denis Roche. Arnay-le-Duc in torment 1939-1945. Chez l'auteur, 2011. (French)

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Inhabitants of Côte-d'Or (French)
  2. ^ a b c Google Maps
  3. ^ Communal Notice - Arnay-le-Duc (French)
  4. ^ Marie-Odile Mergnac, The First Names of the Revolutionary Calendar, Paris, Archives and culture, 2006, ISBN 2-35077-003-6, p. 35. (French)
  5. ^ List of Mayors of France (French)
  6. ^ National Commission for Decentralised cooperation (French)
  7. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00112065 House at Place Carnot (French)Camera aabb.svg
  8. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00112066 Maugars House at Rue du Collège (French)
  9. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA21000016 House at 24 Rue Saint-Honoré (French)
  10. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00112064 Hospice of Saint-Pierre at Rue Saint-Jacques (French)Camera aabb.svg
  11. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM21002815 Soup Turreen (French)
  12. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM21002814 13 Plates PM21002813 8 Dishes PM21000070 Italian Dish PM21000069 2 Dishes (French)
  13. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM21000073 Mortar bowl (French)
  14. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM21000072 7 Pharmacy pots (French)
  15. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM21000071 Sideboard (French)
  16. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM21000068 Painting: Virgin and child (French)
  17. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA21004496 Hospital of Saint-Pierre at Rue Saint-Jacques (French)Camera aabb.svg
  18. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00112068 Tower of Motte-Forte (French)Camera aabb.svg
  19. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00112063 Château of the Princes de Condé (French)Camera aabb.svg
  20. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA21004497 Capuchin Convent (French)
  21. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM21012295 Sister Niault praying in the ward IM21012294 Ecce homo IM21012293 Saint Viatique in Burgundy IM21012292 Angel (French)Camera aabb.svg
  22. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00112067 Priory (French)Camera aabb.svg
  23. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM21000062 Statue: Saint John the Baptist PM21000061 Statue: Saint Michel (French)
  24. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM21000058 Group Sculpture: Virgin of Pity (French)
  25. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM21000067 6 Candlesticks and an Altar Cross (French)Camera aabb.svg
  26. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM21000066 Adoration of the Magii PM21000065 Adoration of the Shepherds Camera aabb.svg PM21000064 Saint Mary Help of Christians Camera aabb.svg PM21000063 Dormition of the Mother of God Camera aabb.svg PM21000060 2 Paintings: Giver and Receiver Camera aabb.svg PM21000059 Saint Laurent the Martyr (French)
  27. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM21008598 War Memorial (French)Camera aabb.svg
  28. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM21008597 Monumental Paintings (French)Camera aabb.svg
  29. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM21000977 Furniture in the Church (French)
  30. ^ Arnay le Duc in the Competition for Towns and Villages in Bloom (French)
  31. ^ Louis Pierre d'Hozier, Arms of France, Firmin Didot, 1752, vol. IV, p. 361. (French)