A small, but ancient town in Pratapgarh district of Rajasthan state in India Arnod, (also written as Arnaud), a tehsil headquarters, is located in its south between 23.88' E and 74.81' N. The total land area of Arnod is 6,4577 hectares with 9491 hectares of reserve forest land. It has been an independent sub-tehsil headquarters since British days. The major population consists of tribal Meena community.
Its present name has been derived from two of its ancient names- Arunodaya and Aranyarodan. Legend has it that Arnod had very thick forests, so much so that no human being was inhabited in this region. Lord Krishna, in Dwapar-yug got a portion of this huge forest trimmed for Pandawas for their brief, but eventful stay during secret-exile, thus this name. It was also called land of "Arunodaya"- a region, where the morning sun first of all disseminates its golden rays.
The Sisodia clan Rajputs of Arnod were the direct descendants of 'Maharaj' Lal Singh, the younger son of Maharawat Salim Singh of Pratapgarh (1756–1774), who were allotted this Jagir of Arnod. (1774–1840). Lal Singh was born in 1767 AD, who built a small fortress in village Lalgarh. Arjun Singh, the son of Lal Singh, was enthroned on this Jagir in 1829. After his death, two successors took over- Kushal Singh, and then his son Raghunath Singh. Raghunath Singh, in 1860, was adopted by Udai Singh ( 1864–1890) . When Govardhan Singh, the younger son was born to Raghunath Singh, he declared him 'Maharaj' on 4 September 1901. Two sons were born to Maharaj Govardhan Singh - Kunwar Gopal Singh and Kunwar Bheem Singh . Gopal Singh left Arnod and settled at Udaipur. He, however, claimed annual income from the Thikana which was regularly given to him by the then Maharaj Govardhan singh. Maharaja Gopal singh had four sons- Maharaja Lokendhar singh, Kunwar Pushpendhar singh, Kunwar Yogendhar singh and Kunwar Devendhar singh. Maharaj Hanuwat singh was born to Maharj Lokendhar singh. Two sons were born to Maharaj Hanuwat singh. They were Kunwar Bhagawat singh and Kunwar Prehaladh singh. They now live in kantaliya fort.Maharaj Bheem singh continued to stay at Arnod till 6 Feb 2004, the day he expired. Two sons were born to Bheem Singh- Kunwar Jairaj and Kunwar Chandramouli .Jairaj rose to become Lt Col in Indian Army. Chandramouli having been awarded Vishishtha Seva Medal(VSM) by President of India, is serving the Indian Air Force as Air Commodore. Due to its importance and strategic location, Arnod has been called Bada-Pargana. Three kilometers from Arnod is village Veerawali. It is recorded in the history that when the Sultan of Malwa attacked Arnod thikana, the young and brave soldiers from this village were in the frontline of battle.
Arnod is a sub division of Pratapgarh district, where offices of SDO, Tehsildar, ACJM, BDO, CDPO etc. are in existence. It has 30 Patwar Mandals.
Places of Interest
Arnod is a land of temples. Hanuman Temple, Mataji's temple, Goreshwar-Mahadev, and Ramkund temples are major centres of Hindu faith. Out of the most celebrated ones is "Gautameshwara" tribal pilgrimage, (2.5 km from Arnod) where an annual fair is held on Vaishakh Poornima attracting pilgrims from far and wide. With the assistance of Tourism department, the present district administration is going to develop this spot as an ideal tourism destination.
- "Zila Pratapgarh Nirdeshika", Publisher : Collector, Pratapgarh, 2008
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