Arnold, Nottinghamshire

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Coordinates: 53°00′00″N 1°07′19″W / 53.000°N 1.122°W / 53.000; -1.122

Arnold
A church of stone construction in the Norman style.
St. Mary’s Church
Arnold is located in Nottinghamshire
Arnold
Arnold
 Arnold shown within Nottinghamshire
Area  8.148 km2 (3.146 sq mi)
Population 37,768 (2011 census) [1]
    - Density  4,635 /km2 (12,000 /sq mi)
OS grid reference SK590450
    - London 112.5 mi (181.1 km)  
Civil parish unparished[2]
District Gedling
Shire county Nottinghamshire
Region East Midlands
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town NOTTINGHAM
Postcode district NG5
Dialling code 0115
Police Nottinghamshire
Fire Nottinghamshire
Ambulance East Midlands
EU Parliament East Midlands
UK Parliament Gedling
List of places
UK
England
Nottinghamshire

Arnold is a market town,[3][4] unparished area[2] and suburb of the city of Nottingham, in the English ceremonial county of Nottinghamshire. It is to the north-east of Nottingham’s city boundary, and is in the local government district of Gedling Borough. Since 1968 Arnold has had a market, and the town used to have numerous factories associated with the hosiery industry. At the time of the 2011 Census, Arnold had a population of 37,768.[1]

Areas within Arnold include Daybrook, Woodthorpe, Redhill and Killisick.

History[edit]

Arnold was referred to as ‘Ernehale’ in the Domesday Book; this former name meant ‘place frequented by eagles’ or ‘the valley of eagles’.[5][6]

‘A History of Arnold’ (1913) by Rev. Rupert W. King and the Rev. James Russell explains the etymology of Arnold’s name thus:

‘Heron-hald’, meaning the corner of the forest where Herons (large birds) live. Which becomes over the centuries since 500 A.D. by ‘lazy’ pronunciation, Eron-ald, thence Ern-old and Arn-old.

Due to the local topography Arnold can never have been a haunt of eagles, because they inhabit areas of rocky outcrops, which have formed cliffs; the nearest such location being Creswell Crags, some 20 miles (32 km) north-west as the eagle flies, although the fish-eating White-tailed Eagle (also known as the ‘Erne’) could have caught fish in the River Trent, which lies 4 miles (6.4 km) south-east of Arnold, on the other side of the Mapperley Plains ridge. These eagles would then have flown north-west in the evenings to roost in the ancient woodland area now known as Arnold. The Anglo-Saxon migrant-invaders, when they arrived along the River Trent from the Humber Estuary c. 500 A.D., would certainly have seen these eagles—which measure 66–94 cm (26–37 in) in length with a 1.78–2.45 m (5.8–8.0 ft) wingspan—flying northwest in the evenings and appropriately named this roosting location ‘Erne-Halh’ or ‘Erne-Haugh’, meaning ‘Eagle’s nook’ or ‘Eagle’s corner’.[citation needed]

Arnold is surrounded by a circular ridge from the north-west around to the south-east and raised ground to the west. The town’s bowl-like topography may have given it the etymological feature ‘-Halh’ or ‘-Haugh’.[citation needed]

Arnold was a centre of the framework knitting industry in the 19th century. It was the site of the first framebreaking incidents of the Luddite riots, in March 1811, when 63 frames were smashed.[7] The Luddite riots were a workers’ response to decreasing pay, standard of living and conditions of employment in the industry as a result of changing fashions decreasing demand for their style of hosiery.

1968 saw the opening of Arnold Market in the town centre. Market days are on Tuesdays, Fridays and Saturdays.[3][4]

Churches[edit]

Arnold

St. Mary’s Church, of the Church of England, is believed to date from 1176.[8] It is located on Church Lane[9] and is a Grade II* listed building.[10][11]

The Grade II* listed[10][12] Church of the Good Shepherd’s current building on Thackerays Lane[9] was built in 1964, its modern architecture – featuring a detached spire-cum-belfry[13] – winning an award from the Royal Institute of British Architects in 1966.[14] It is a Roman Catholic church and 2014 marks its fiftieth anniversary – churchgoers are therefore celebrating its Golden Jubilee this year.[15][16]

Arnold Methodist Church (‘amc’) is situated on Front Street.[17][18][9]

The King’s Centre is located on Shirley Drive.[19][9]

Daybrook

St. Paul’s Church in Daybrook was designed 1892–1896 by John Loughborough Pearson[20][21] and its construction started in May 1893. In December 1895 the church was completed—except for the 150 feet (46 m)-tall[22] spire and tower,[21] which were added in 1897.[22] The church was consecrated in February 1896 in honour of Paul the Apostle[21] and is now a Grade II* listed building.[23][10]

Daybrook Baptist Church, whose current building was completed in 1912, is situated on Mansfield Road.[9]

Town centre[edit]

The junction between Front Street and Coppice Road
Shopping

Arnold town centre has a diverse range of restaurants and bars and a choice of shops including supermarkets such as Sainsbury's and Asda as well as small independent businesses. As a market town, Arnold hosts a market on Tuesdays, Fridays and Saturdays.[3][4]

Recreation

Arnold Leisure Centre, located at the heart of the town centre, contains a swimming pool and a theatre—called the Bonington Theatre—which was named after the landscape painter Richard Parkes Bonington.[24] In November 2012 it was announced by Gedling Borough that the leisure centre would be refurbished at a cost of £1.1million;[25] the refurbishments (whose actual cost was £1.2million)[26][27] were completed in May 2014[27] and include the installation of a canopy outside the main entrance, improvements to the Bonington Theatre and bar area as well as major redesigns of the reception area and the changing rooms of the swimming pool.[26]

Healthcare

Construction of a new healthcare centre in central Arnold had almost been completed in January 2014.[28] The healthcare centre is now complete.[citation needed]

Education[edit]

Schools in the town include: Arnold Hill Academy; Christ the King Catholic Voluntary Academy; Coppice Farm Primary School; Good Shepherd Primary Catholic Academy; Redhill Academy; and Richard Bonington Primary School.

Railway[edit]

Arnold once had a railway station known as ‘Daybrook and Arnold’. It was closed along with the rest of the line on 4 April 1960. The station was located on Mansfield Road on what is now a retail park. There is still evidence of the line in the form of remnants of the embankments on Arnot Hill Park (just behind the B&Q). The Line was the Great Northern Main Line later nicknamed ‘the back route’, with trains to Gedling and Netherfield with the terminus being Nottingham Victoria. Just after those embankments a later built railway—the Nottingham Suburban—joined it and ran over Thackerays Lane on a bridge on its way to Woodthorpe Park and beyond.[29]

Home Brewery[edit]

A long, tall three-storey building (with a very tall central square tower providing a fourth storey) made of brown brick.
The Home Brewery office building, Daybrook

The town’s most notable landmark is probably the ‘Home Ales’ brewery building in Daybrook. Founded in 1875 by John Robinson,[30] the brewery was famous for its Robin Hood logo on beermats. The brewery remained independent until 1986 when it (along with its 450 owned public houses) was purchased by Scottish & Newcastle for £123million. Scottish & Newcastle gradually ran down production, for example by subcontracting Mild brewing to a rival brewery in Mansfield, resulting in the eventual closure of the Daybrook building in 1996. Home Bitter is still brewed under contract at Everards in Leicester, although many of the public houses that used to serve it now sell Theakston’s beers instead.[citation needed]

Dating from 1936,[31] the current Home Ales building is now officially known as ‘Sir John Robinson House’[32] and houses more than 30,000 square feet (2,800 m2) worth[32] of county council offices. The Grade II listed building's[10][33][34] illuminated ‘Home of the Best Ales’ sign was altered to remove the word ‘Ales’ and to include the logo of Nottinghamshire County Council. The three-storey[a] building has an unusual ‘putti frieze’ by sculptor Charles Doman along the front wall which depicts groups of putti involved in the brewing of beer.[35] Three designs are repeated in an ABCABC / CBACBA pattern. The reliefs are in a 2:3 proportion and are white casts. ‘A’ depicts a drinking table; ‘B’ shows barrel-making; and ‘C’ illustrates the stirring of the brew—all allegories of the brewing process. The decorative ironwork gates and railings are contemporaneous[35] and form part of the listed building.[10][34]

In 1950 the Home Brewery Company Ltd gave the land for Arnold’s King George V Park, a permanent memorial to King George V and guaranteed for free public access in perpetuity for recreation. The Charity Commission held an enquiry that closed in December 2005 into restricted public access.[36] Due to this ruling, Arnold Town F.C. have relocated away from the town centre[citation needed] to another ground in Arnold, known as Eagle Valley.[37] In July 2014, a skatepark costing £110,000 was opened at the playing field.[38]

Nottinghamshire County Council has been advertising the building for sale, in an effort to save money,[32] since February 2012.[39][40] This information is correct as of 8 June 2014.

Notable people[edit]

Bus services[edit]

Nottingham City Transport
  • 25: Nottingham - Carlton - Westdale Lane - Mapperley - Arnold[41]
  • 46: Nottingham - Mapperley - Arnold[42]
  • 56: Nottingham - Mansfield Road - Plains Estate - Arnold[43][44]
  • 56B: Somersby Road, Arnold - Plains Estate - Front Street, Arnold[43][45]
  • 57: Nottingham - Mansfield Road - Darlton Drive, Plains Estate[43][46]
  • 58: Nottingham - Mansfield Road - Arnold - Killsick[43][47]
  • N58: Nottingham - Mansfield Road - Arnold - Killisick - Plains Estate[43][48]
  • 59: Nottingham - Mansfield Road - Arnold - Killsick[43][49]
  • 79/79A: Nottingham - Nuthall Road - Bulwell - Rise Park - Arnold[50][51]
  • 87: Nottingham - Mansfield Road - City Hospital - Redhill - Arnold[52]
  • L9: Nottingham - Mapperley - Sherwood - City Hospital - Arnold - Bestwood Park[53]
  • L11: Arnold - Bulwell - Bilborough - Beeston[54]
  • L53: Clifton - QMC - Arnold[55]
Trent Barton
  • Calverton Connection: Nottingham - Mansfield Road - Arnold - Calverton.[56]

Gallery[edit]

A black cast-iron hald-round post with a domed top. Around one metre high. It has the year ‘1877’ in white raised lettering. It also says ‘CITY OF NOTTINGHAM’ in capital letters which is accompanied with the coat of arms of the City of Nottingham, and the word ‘BOUNDARY’ in capital letters below that.
The 1877 boundary mark on the island at the Woodthorpe Drive–Woodborough Road junction marked the Nottingham–Arnold boundary and is Grade II listed.[57] 
Front Street, Christmas Eve 2007 
Front Street, Christmas Eve 2007 
An old house of brick construction. Ivy is growing up its walls.
34 High Street, Arnold: Built between 1725 and 1740,[58] the Grade II listed building[10][59] is one of the oldest houses[58] – if not the oldest house – in the town. 
Arnold Fire Station 
Part of the Sainsbury’s supermarket and its car park. Note that the Home Brewery building is visible in the distance. 
The Lord Nelson pub (pictured) was located on Front Street. Its building has been occupied by a café since 2010.[60] 
The Major Oak pub is situated on the junction between Rolleston Drive and Brook Street. 
The junction of Nottingham Road with Mansfield Road 
Oxclose Lane Police Station 
Daybrook Almshouses, Mansfield Road were built in 1899 in Daybrook by local businessman and philanthropist Sir John Robinson and are now Grade II listed.[10][61] 


References[edit]

Footnotes
  1. ^ excluding the “very tall square tower”[34] which provides a fourth storey,[32] and including the “ancillary lower ground floor”[32]
Notes
  1. ^ a b Brinkhoff, Thomas (7 July 2013). "Arnold (Nottinghamshire)". City Population. Retrieved 21 May 2014. 
  2. ^ a b Langston, Brett (2013). "Nottinghamshire Registration District". UK BMD website. UK BMD. Retrieved 27 April 2014. 
  3. ^ a b c "Gedling Borough Guide & Street Plan". Gedling.gov.uk. Retrieved 22 February 2014. 
  4. ^ a b c "Arnold Market, a Market in Arnold, Nottinghamshire. Search for Nottinghamshire Markets". Information-britain.co.uk. 16 October 2005. Retrieved 22 February 2014. 
  5. ^ "The Domesday Book Online - Nottinghamshire A-E". The Domesday Book Online. Retrieved 22 February 2014. 
  6. ^ "Civic Heraldry Of England And Wales-Nottinghamshire (Obsolete)". Civic Heraldry of England and Wales. Retrieved 22 February 2014. 
  7. ^ "Knitting Together". Knitting Together. 18 December 2003. Retrieved 16 October 2009. [dead link]
  8. ^ "History". St. Mary’s Church, Arnold. Retrieved 22 February 2014. 
  9. ^ a b c d e "Where?". Arnold Churches Together website. Arnold Churches Together. Retrieved 8 April 2014. 
  10. ^ a b c d e f g Gedling Borough Council Planning and Environment Department Local Plans Section (6 December 2005). "Listed Buildings". Gedling Borough Council. Retrieved 21 May 2014. 
  11. ^ English Heritage. "CHURCH OF ST MARY (1235987)". National Heritage List for England .
  12. ^ English Heritage. "ROMAN CATHOLIC CHURCH OF THE GOOD SHEPHERD (1376603)". National Heritage List for England .
  13. ^ Geograph user ‘Oxymoron’. "Catholic Church of the Good Shepherd, Nottingham". Geograph Britain and Ireland. Geograph. Retrieved 21 May 2014. 
  14. ^ A history of everyday things in England. Vol. 5 p. 29. Marjorie Quennell, Charles Henry Bourne Quennell, S. E. Ellacott. 1965
  15. ^ Pat Bradley (2013-08-31). "Parish News". Goodshepherd-arnold.org.uk. Retrieved 2014-03-27. 
  16. ^ Ireland, Ben (22 April 2014). "50 events to mark 50 years at Notts church". Nottingham Post. Retrieved 9 May 2014. 
  17. ^ "how to find us". Arnold Methodist Church website. Arnold Methodist Church. Retrieved 8 April 2014. 
  18. ^ "contact us". Arnold Methodist Church website. Arnold Methodist Church. Retrieved 8 April 2014. 
  19. ^ "Contact us". The King’s Church website. The King’s Church, Arnold. Retrieved 8 April 2014. 
  20. ^ Buist, J (1898). "St Paul's Church, Mansfield Road, Daybrook, Arnold, c 1898". Picture the Past. Retrieved 21 May 2014. 
  21. ^ a b c King, R W; Russell, J (1913). A History of Arnold. Retrieved 21 May 2014. 
  22. ^ a b "Daybrook - Archaeology". Southwell & Nottingham Church History Project. University of Nottingham. Retrieved 21 May 2014. 
  23. ^ English Heritage. "CHURCH OF ST PAUL (1236096)". National Heritage List for England .
  24. ^ a b c "Arnold". Gedling Borough Council website. Gedling Borough Council. Retrieved 8 April 2014. 
  25. ^ "Gedling council promises £1.1m pool and theatre revamp". BBC News website. BBC News. 2 November 2012. Retrieved 19 May 2014. 
  26. ^ a b Gedling Borough Council (June 2014). "ARNOLD LEISURE CENTRE IS NOW OPEN!!". ng5 magazine (June - July 2014 issue) (ng magazines). p. 43. 
  27. ^ a b Ireland, Ben (5 May 2014). "Swimming club homecoming after £1.2 million leisure centre revamp". Nottingham Post. Retrieved 19 May 2014. 
  28. ^ MedicX (2013). "Arnold Primary Care Centre". Retrieved 4 January 2014. 
  29. ^ Swain, Simon (2010). "Nottingham Suburban Railway". Forgotten Relics. Four by Three. Retrieved 27 March 2014. 
  30. ^ "Search for a new owner for iconic brewery building". Local World. 4 February 2012. Retrieved 22 February 2014. 
  31. ^ "Nottinghamshire - Daybrook, Mansfield Road: Home Brewery Co Ltd (closed 1996)". Brewery History Society. Brewery History Society. Retrieved 26 March 2014. 
  32. ^ a b c d e Straw, Craig. "Landmark building is open to offers". Innes England website. Innes England. Retrieved 8 June 2014. 
  33. ^ Pearson, Lynn (of the Brewery History Society) (February 2010). "The Brewing Industry". English Heritage. Retrieved 21 May 2014. 
  34. ^ a b c English Heritage. "HOME ALES BREWERY AND ATTACHED RAILINGS (1237602)". National Heritage List for England .
  35. ^ a b "Public Monuments and Sculpture Association". Retrieved 24 November 2012. 
  36. ^ Charities Commission Enquiry: King George V Playing Field Arnold - Registered Charity No 700035[dead link]
  37. ^ Allison, Bob. "Visiting Eagle Valley". arnoldtownfc.co.uk. Arnold Town Football Club. Retrieved 22 May 2014. 
  38. ^ Ireland, Ben (5 July 2014). "New £110,000 skate park rolls into action". Nottingham Post (Local World). Retrieved 19 July 2014. 
  39. ^ "Home Brewery site in Arnold is put up for sale". Nottingham Post (Local World). 2 February 2012. Retrieved 8 June 2014. 
  40. ^ "Home Brewery building sale aims to cut £400k running costs". BBC News website. BBC News. 2 February 2012. Retrieved 8 June 2014. 
  41. ^ "Lilac Line Nottingham > Arnold (Notts)". Nottingham City Transport. Retrieved 22 February 2014. 
  42. ^ "Skyblue Line Nottingham > Arnold (Notts)". Nottingham City Transport. Retrieved 22 February 2014. 
  43. ^ a b c d e f "Lime Line NCN Clarendon, Mansfield Road, Sherwood, Arnold". Nottingham City Transport. Retrieved 22 February 2014. 
  44. ^ "Lime Line Nottingham > Arnold (Notts)". Nottingham City Transport. Retrieved 22 February 2014. 
  45. ^ "Lime Line". Nottingham City Transport. Retrieved 12 March 2014. 
  46. ^ "Service 57 on Lime Line". Nottingham City Transport website. Nottingham City Transport. Retrieved 2 April 2014. 
  47. ^ "Lime Line Nottingham > Killisick". Nottingham City Transport. Retrieved 22 February 2014. 
  48. ^ "Lime Line Nottingham > Daybrook". Nottingham City Transport. Retrieved 22 February 2014. 
  49. ^ "Lime Line Nottingham > Killisick". Nottingham City Transport. Retrieved 22 February 2014. 
  50. ^ "Turquoise Line Nottingham > Arnold (Notts)". Nottingham City Transport. Retrieved 22 February 2014. 
  51. ^ "Turquoise Line Nottingham > Arnold (Notts)". Nottingham City Transport. Retrieved 22 February 2014. 
  52. ^ "Purple Line Nottingham > Arnold (Notts)". Nottingham City Transport. Retrieved 22 February 2014. 
  53. ^ "Localink Line Nottingham > Bestwood Park". Nottingham City Transport. Retrieved 22 February 2014. 
  54. ^ "Localink Line Beeston (Notts) > Arnold (Notts)". Nottingham City Transport. Retrieved 22 February 2014. 
  55. ^ "Locallink L53 Timetable". Nottingham City Transport. Retrieved 22 February 2014. 
  56. ^ "welcome - calverton connection - run by trentbarton". Trent Barton. Retrieved 22 February 2014. 
  57. ^ English Heritage. "BOUNDARY MARK ON ISLAND AT JUNCTION WITH WOODTHORPE DRIVE (1270396)". National Heritage List for England .
  58. ^ a b Clarke, Adam (10 September 2008). "34 High Street, Arnold, Nottingham". Retrieved 21 May 2014. 
  59. ^ English Heritage. "34, HIGH STREET (1227482)". National Heritage List for England .
  60. ^ This Is Nottingham (13 August 2010). "Food focus: Arnold eats". Nottingham Post. Retrieved 21 May 2014. 
  61. ^ English Heritage. "DAYBROOK ALMSHOUSES (1227486)". National Heritage List for England .

External links[edit]