Arnold shown within Nottinghamshire
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||East Midlands|
Arnold is a market town and suburb of Nottingham, England. It is to the north-east of the city boundary, and is in the local government district of Gedling. It has only had a market since 1968, and had a number of factories associated with the hosiery industry. The town has a population of 35,900 (2000 data).
Today Arnold forms part of Greater Nottingham lying to the north east of the city and in the local government Borough of Gedling. Arnold is a mixed area containing both private and council housing. Areas within Arnold include Daybrook, Woodthorpe, Redhill and Killisick.
Arnold town centre has a diverse range of restaurants and bars and a choice of shops including big stores such as Sainsbury's and Asda and small independent businesses. Construction has also begun on a new Healthcare Centre within the town centre. Schools in the town include Arnold Hill Academy, Coppice Farm Primary, the Redhill Academy and Richard Bonington primary school.
In the book 'A History of Arnold' by Rupert King and James Russell (1913) the derivation given is thus:
'Heron-hald',meaning the corner of the forest where Herons (large birds) live. Which becomes over the centuries since 500 A.D. by 'lazy' pronunciation, Eron-ald, thence Ern-old and Arn-old.
Due to the local topography Arnold can never have been a haunt of eagles, because they inhabit areas of rocky outcrops,which have formed cliffs; the nearest such location being Creswell Crags, some 20 miles north-west as the eagle flies.
Although, the fish-eating European White-tailed Eagles (Haliaeetus albicilla) could have caught fish in the River Trent, which lies a mere 4 miles south-east of Arnold, on the other side of the Mapperley Plains ridge. These eagles would then have flown north-west in the evenings to roost in the ancient woodland area now known as Arnold. The Anglo-Saxon migrant-invaders, when they arrived along the River Trent from the Humber estuary in around 500 A.D.,would certainly have seen these 91 cm.long eagles flying north-west in the evenings and appropriately named this roosting location 'Erne-Halh' or 'Erne-Haugh', meaning 'Eagle's nook' or corner.
Arnold is surrounded by a circular ridge from the north-west around to the south-east,and raised ground to the west. This bowl-like topography of Arnold is certainly in keeping with the name -Halh or -Haugh.
Arnold was a centre of the framework knitting industry in the 19th century. It was the site of the first framebreaking incidents of the Luddite riots, in March 1811, when 63 frames were smashed. The Luddite riots were a workers' response to decreasing pay, standard of living and conditions of employment in the industry as a result of changing fashions decreasing demand for their style of hosiery.
Arnold once had a railway station known as "Daybrook and Arnold". It was closed along with the rest of the line on 4 April 1960. The station was located on Mansfield Road on what is now a retail park. There is still evidence of the line in the form of remnants of the embankments on Arnot Hill Park (just behind the B&Q). The Line was the Great Northern Main Line later known as "the back route", with trains to Gedling and Netherfield with the terminus being Nottingham Victoria. Just after those embankments a later built railway The Nottingham Suburban joined it and ran over Thackerays Lane on a bridge on its way to Woodthorpe Park and beyond.
The town's most notable landmark is probably the Home Ales building in Daybrook. Founded in 1875, the brewery was famous for its Robin Hood logo on beermats. The brewery remained independent until 1986 when it (along with its 450 owned public houses) was purchased by Scottish & Newcastle for £123million. Scottish & Newcastle gradually ran down production, for example subcontracting Mild brewing to the rival Mansfield brewery, resulting in the eventual closure of the Daybrook building in 1996. Home Bitter is still brewed under contract at Everards in Leicester, although many of the public houses that used to serve it now sell Theakston's beers instead. The Home Ales building now houses county council offices. The illuminated 'Home of the Best Ales' sign was altered to remove the word 'Ales' and include the Nottinghamshire County Council logo. The building has an unusual ‘putti frieze’ by sculptor Charles Doman along the front wall which depicts groups of cherubs involved in the brewing of beer. Three designs are repeated in an ABCABC / CBACBA pattern. The reliefs are in a 2:3 proportion and are white casts. They depict A: a drinking table; B: barrel making ; C: stirring the brew - all allegories of the brewing process. The decorative ironwork gates are contemporaneous.
In 1950 the Home Brewery Company Ltd gave the land for Arnold's King George's Field, a permanent memorial to King George V and guaranteed for free public access in perpetuity for recreation. The Charity Commission held an enquiry that closed in December 2005 into restricted public access. Due to this ruling Arnold Town F.C. have relocated away from the town centre.
- Richard Parkes Bonington (1802–1828), painter.
- Andrea Lowe (born 1 January 1975), actress.
- Sir John Robinson (1824–1913), founder of the Home Brewery.
- Samuel Robinson (Brother of Sir John Robinson), founder of Daybrook Laundry.
- Thomas Hawksley (1807–1893), civil engineer responsible for major water and sanitary improvements in Nottingham and other parts of the United Kingdom.
- Arthur Henry Knighton-Hammond (1875–1970), painter.
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (October 2009)|
Nottingham City Transport
- 25: Nottingham - Carlton - Westdale Lane - Mapperley - Arnold.
- 56: Nottingham - Mansfield Road - Plains Estate - Arnold.
- 46: Nottingham - Mapperley - Arnold
- 58: Nottingham - Mansfield Road - Arnold - Killsick.
- N58: Nottingham - Mansfield Road - Arnold - Killisick - Plains Estate.
- 59: Nottingham - Mansfield Road - Arnold - Killsick.
- 79/79A: Nottingham - Nuthall Road - Bulwell - Rise Park - Arnold
- 87: Nottingham - Mansfield Road - City Hospital - Redhill - Arnold.
- L9: Nottingham - Mapperley - Sherwood - City Hospital - Arnold - Bestwood Park.
- L11: Arnold - Bulwell - Bilborough - Beeston.
- L53: Clifton - QMC - Arnold.
- Calverton Connection: Nottingham - Mansfield Road - Arnold - Calverton.
- MedicX. "Construction of new Arnold Health Centre commences". Retrieved 2012-08-31.
- "Knitting Together". Knitting Together. 2003-12-18. Retrieved 2009-10-16.
- Nottingham Suburban Railway, Nottingham Suburban Railway
- Forgotten Relics
- "Public Monuments and Sculpture Association". Retrieved 2012-11-24.
- Charities Commission Enquiry: King George V Playing Field Arnold - Registered Charity No 700035[dead link]
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Arnold, Nottinghamshire.|
- Gedling Borough Council
- Nottingham City Transport
- Nottinghamshire County Council
- Arnold, Nottinghamshire at the Open Directory Project
- Arnold in the Domesday Book