Arnold Azrikan

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Arnold Grigorevich Azrikan (Russian: Арнольд Григорьевич Азрикан; Ukrainian: Арнольд Григорович Азрікан) (February 23, 1906, Odessa – July 19, 1976, Moscow) was a Ukrainian and Russian operatic dramatic tenor.

Arnold Azrikan (1906-1976). Russian and Ukrainian opera singer

Biography and career[edit]

He began to sing at the age of twelve in a chorus of the city church in Odessa. Between 1926-1929, he studied at the Odessa Conservatory where he was coached by the singers Menner-Kanevskaya and Julia Reider. Later, in Kharkov, he would perfect his mastery of voice with Carlo Barrero, the renowned Italian tenor and teacher. He began first as a chorister at the Odessa Opera theater in 1926, and in 1928 he made his debut there as Nathanael in Offenbach's The Tales of Hoffmann.

In 1930, he was invited to the opera theater in Kharkov (the capital of Ukraine at that time) where he sang in the Ukrainian, Russian and Italian repertoires. In 1934 both the capital and the opera theatre's best soloists, including Azrikan, moved to Kiev.

In 1939, Azrikan first sang the title role in Giuseppe Verdi's Otello which later became his signature role. He was awarded the prestigious title of Honored Artist of Ukraine in 1940,[1] and along with his friendly rival Yuri Kiporenko-Domansky, Azrikan was the leading tenor at the Kiev Opera and Ballet Theatre until 1943. The same year he joined the Yekaterinburg (then called Sverdlovsk) Opera Theatre where he achieved his greatest recognition as a dramatic tenor in Otello.[2] For this performance he was awarded the Stalin Prize in 1946.[3] He remained with this theatre until 1951. Later, he toured extensively all over the Soviet Union while having long time engagements with the Odessa Opera and Ballet theater and the Baku Opera and Ballet Theatre. He retired from stage in 1964 during his engagement with the Moldova Opera Theater but returned to the same theater for his farewell performance in Otello in 1968.

In addition to his remarkable singing, Azrikan also appeared as a stage director of several opera productions where he sang the leading parts. He was also known as an outstanding teacher while working at the Chişinău Conservatory after his retirement from stage.

Repertoire[edit]

Russian tenor Arnold Azrikan in Verdi's Otello. Sverdlovsk (Ekaterinburg) State Academic Opera and Ballet Theater
Arnold Azrikan as Herman in Tchaikovsky's The Queen of Spades

Stage director[edit]

  • Otello by Verdi (Kuibyshev Opera and Ballet Theater, 1950; Saratov Opera and Ballet Theater, 1951; Baku Opera and Ballet Theater, 1952; Chisinau Opera and Ballet Theater, 1964)
  • Iolanta by Tchaikovsky (Baku Opera and Ballet Theater, 1953)
  • Manon Lescaut by Puccini (Baku Opera and Ballet Theater, 1956)

Discography[edit]

Two Ukrainian romances - Arnold Azrikan - Gramplast, No.5230/5232, 1937.

Sound samples[edit]

Awards[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Entsyklopediia sychasnoi Ukrainy [Contemporary Ukrainian encyclopedia], Kiev: NAU, 2001. T.1. 229. ISBN 966-02-2075-8
  2. ^ Belza, I. (April 17, 1946)."Otello" v Sverdlovskom opernom teatre ["Otello" at the Sverdlovsk Opera Theater], Izvestia.
  3. ^ Matafonova, Y. (April 27, 2007). "Vertinskii pisal o nem tak…" [Vertinsky wrote about him these words…], Uralskii rabochii [The Urals Worker].

Sources[edit]

English

  • Azrikan, Dina and Dmitry. Arnold Azrikan: Romance for a Dramatic Tenor. Highland Park, Illinois: Azrikan. 2006. 256. ISBN 978-0-615-13263-1 (also in Russian)
  • Azrikan, Dina. Arnold Azrikan, part II: Curtain Call. Highland Park, Illinois: Azrikan. 2012. 110. ISBN 978-0-615-50775-0 (also in Russian)

Russian

  • Agin, M.S. Vokalno-entsiklopedichskii slovar [Encyclopedic Dictionary of Vocalists], Moscow, 1991. 15
  • Azrikan, Dina and Azrikan, Dmitry. Arnold Azrikan: romans dlia dramaticheskogo tenora. Highland Park, Illinois. 2006. 256. ISBN 978-0-615-13263-1 (also in English).
  • Azrikan, Dina. Arnold Azrikan, chast II: vozvrashchenie na avanstsenu. Highland Park, Illinois. 2012. 110. ISBN 978-0-615-50775-0 (also in English).
  • Belza, I. (April 17, 1946)."Otello" v Sverdlovskom opernom teatre ["Otello" at the Sverdlovsk Opera Theater], Izvestia.
  • Demianenko, S. (July 31, 1946). "Glazami rezhissera" [By the director's eye], Teatr i zritel.
  • Ebergardt, S., Porska V. Nash opernyi [Our opera theater], Yekaterinburg: Uralskoe literaturnoe agentstvo, 1998. 73-75, 128.
  • Maksimenko, V.S. Dva veka odesskogo Gorodskogo teatra [Two Centuries of the Odessa Civic Theater], Odessa: Astroprint, 2005. 248. ISBN 966-318-261-X
  • Maksimenko, V.S.Gorodskoi teatr Odessy: 1809-2009 [The Odessa Civic Theater: 1809-2009], Odessa: Astroprint, 2010. 177-179. ISBN 978-966-19-0260-1
  • Matafonova, Y. (April 27, 2007). "Vertinskii pisal o nem tak…" [Vertinsky wrote about him these words…], Uralskii rabochii [The Urals Worker].
  • Pozhar, S. "Luchshii Otello" (Best Otello), "Moldova" 5-6 (2007): 19-21.
  • Vertinskaia, Lidiia. Siniaia ptitsa liubvi [Blue bird of love], Moskva: Vagrius, 2004. 168. ISBN 5-475-00006-9
  • Deviatova, O.L. Zhivaia zhizn teatra [Live life of the theater], Ekaterinburg: Avtograf, 2012. 193-196. ISBN 978-5-98955-109-5

Ukrainian

  • Entsyklopediia sychasnoi Ukrainy [Contemporary Ukrainian encyclopedia], Kiev: NAU, 2001. T.1. 229. ISBN 966-02-2075-8
  • Lysenko, Ivan. Slovnyk spivakiv Ukrainy [Dictionary of the Ukrainian singers], Kiev: Rada, 1997. 10. ISBN 966-7087-11-5
  • Lysenko, Ivan. Ukrainski spivaky u spohadakh suchasnykiv [Ukrainian singers in the memoirs of their contemporaries], Kiev: Rada, 2003, 531. ISBN 966-7087-51-4
  • Myttsi Ukrainy: entsyklopedychnyi dovidnyk [Muses of Ukraine: encyclopedia], Kiev: Ukrainska entsyklopediia, 1992. 16.

Czech

  • Petišková, Dagmar. Návrat "zapomenutého" jména: příběh Arnolda Azrikana. Knihovna [online]. 2013, roč. 24, č. 1, s. 79-88 [cit. 2013-10-17]. [1]

Romanian

  • Eskenasy, Victor (21–27 April 2007). "Arnold Azrikan - Tenorul de neuitat". Suplimentul de Cultura 124, p. 12.
  • Eskenasy, Victor (18–24 Feb. 2012). "Arnold Azrikan - Istoria si patimile unui tenor de exceptie". [2]
  • Eskenasy, Victor. "Arnold Azrikan - Chemare la rampă".

[3]