Arnold Fanck

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Arnold Fanck
Born (1889-03-06)6 March 1889
Frankenthal, German Empire
Died 28 September 1974(1974-09-28) (aged 85)
Freiburg im Breisgau, West Germany
Nationality German
Alma mater University of Zürich
Occupation Film director
Known for Mountain films

Arnold Fanck (6 March 1889 – 28 September 1974) was a German film director and pioneer of the mountain film genre.[1] He is best known for the extraordinary alpine footage he captured in such films as The Holy Mountain (1926), The White Hell of Pitz Palu (1929), Storm over Mont Blanc (1930), Der weisse Rausch (1931), and S.O.S. Eisberg (1933). Fanck was also instrumental in launching the careers of several filmmakers during the Weimar years in Germany, including Leni Riefenstahl, Luis Trenker, and cinematographers Sepp Allgeier, Richard Angst, Hans Schneeberger, and Walter Riml.[2]

Biography[edit]

Arnold Fanck was born on 6 March 1889 in Frankenthal, Germany.[1]

Together with Odo Deodatus Tauern, Bernhard Villinger and Rolf Bauer, Fanck established the company "Berg- und Sportfilm GmbH Freiburg" in Freiburg im Breisgau in 1920. Fanck, who held a PhD in geology, directed mountain films, sports films and ski films. He was assisted by Sepp Allgeier, a cameraman who later worked with Leni Riefenstahl, and worked mostly in the Alps in locations such as the Engadine, Zermatt and the Arlberg and on mountains such as Mont Blanc and Piz Palü.[citation needed]

His most popular and successful films of the period between the wars include The Holy Mountain (1926), The White Hell of Pitz Palu (1929), Storm over Mont Blanc (1930), Der weisse Rausch (1931), and S.O.S. Eisberg (1933)—all starring Leni Riefenstahl.

During the National Socialist period, Fanck got in trouble with propaganda minister Joseph Goebbels, since he refused to cooperate — apparently because of the necessity of joining the party. In 1934, he also began working on his film, Der ewige Traum/Der König vom Mont-Blanc, which not only starred a French hero in French mountains, but also had a Jewish producer, Gregor Rabinowitsch. This conflict brought Fanck into economic difficulties, from which he was only able to escape by accepting a contract from the Japanese ministry of culture in 1936.[citation needed]

With The Daughter of the Samurai and other "culture films", Fanck decided to cooperate with the Nazi regime. Soon afterwards, he produced Ein Robinson (1938/39) a propaganda film for Bavaria Filmkunst. Arnold Fanck joined the NSDAP in April 1940.[3]

In 1944 he made a documentary about the sculptor Arno Breker called Arno Breker – Harte Zeit, starke Kunst.[4] After World War II, Fanck's main films of the National Socialist period were proscribed by the Allied military governments. Fanck received no further job offers and went to work as a lumberjack.

After the screening of his film Der ewige Traum at the mountain film festival in Trento in 1957, Fanck was once again recognized for his artistic achievements. In order to survive his economic difficulties, however, he was forced to sell the rights to his films to a friend, until TV broadcasts improved his situation.[citation needed]

Fanck died on 28 September 1974 in Freiburg im Breisgau, Germany, at the age of 85. He is buried in the Hauptfriedhof in Freiburg.[5]

Filmography[edit]

  • Das Wunder des Schneeschuhs (1920)
  • Im Kampf mit dem Berge (1921)
  • Das Wunder des Schneeschuhs, 2. Teil - Eine Fuchsjagd auf Skiern durchs Engadin (1922)
  • Pömperlys Kampf mit dem Schneeschuh (1922)
  • Mountain of Destiny (1924), Der Berg des Schichsals
  • Die Weiße Kunst (1924, uncredited)
  • Das Wolkenphänomen von Maloja (1924, short)
  • The Holy Mountain (1926), Der heilige Berg
  • The Great Leap (1927), Der Grosse Sprung
  • Struggle for the Matterhorn (1928), Der Kampf ums Matterhorn, co-wrote
  • Das Weiße Stadion (1928)
  • The White Hell of Pitz Palu (1929), Die Weiße Hölle vom Piz Palü
  • Storm over Mont Blanc (1930), Stürme über dem Montblanc
  • Der weisse Rausch (1931)
  • S.O.S. Eisberg (1933)
  • Die Seehunde (1934, short)
  • Der ewige Traum (1934)
  • Rêve éternel (1935), French release of Der ewige Traum
  • The Daughter of the Samurai (1937), Atarashiki tsuchi
  • Winterreise durch Südmandschurien (1938)
  • Kaiserbauten in Fernost (1938, short)
  • Hänschen Klein (1938, short)
  • A German Robinson Crusoe (1940)
  • Kampf um den Berg (1941 short)
  • Josef Thorak, Werkstatt und Werk (1943, short)
  • Atlantik-Wall (1944, short)[1]

Retrospective films[edit]

  • In Eis und Schnee - Der Filmregisseur Arnold Fanck (1997) directed by Hans-Jürgen Panitz
  • Zwischen weißem Rausch und Abgrund : über Arnold Fanck, den Extremregisseur (1998) directed by Andreas Berg

References[edit]

Notes

  1. ^ a b c Sadoul, Georges; Morris, Peter (1972). Dictionary of Film Makers. Berkley: University of California Press. p. 79. ISBN 978-0-520-02151-8. 
  2. ^ Inkster 2012, p. 19.
  3. ^ Dramatische Berge. Der Filmregisseur Dr. Arnold Fanck, by Gunther Haarstark, Frankfurt/M., Magisterarbeit, 1990
  4. ^ Aitken, Ian (2013) The Concise Routledge Encyclopedia of the Documentary Film. Routledge ISBN 9781136512063, pg 245
  5. ^ "Arnold Fanck". Find a Grave. Retrieved 6 December 2013. 

Bibliography

  • Fanck, Arnold; Schneider, Hannes (1925) Wunder des Schneeschuhs; ein System des richtigen Skilaufens und seine Anwendung im alpinen Geländelauf, Hamburg: Gebrüder Enoch. OCLC 10252521; reprint ISBN 9783897709416
  • Baader, Ernst Wilhelm; Schneeberger, Hans; Allgeier, Sepp; Fanck, Arnold; Arató, Gyula (1926) Wunder des Schneeschuhs [2] Sprunglauf, Langlauf, Hamburg: Gebrüder Enoch
  • Fanck, Arnold (1929) Die bruchlose Deformation von Fossilien durch tektonischen Druck und ihr Einfluss auf die Bestimmung der Arten. Beobachtet und bearbeitet an den Pelecypoden der St. Galler Meeresmolasse. Zürich: Fretz
  • Fanck, Arnold (1932) Das Bilderbuch des Skiläufers. - 284 kinematografische Bilder vom Skilauf mit Erläuterungen und einer Einführung in eine neue Bewegungs-Fotografie. Hamburg: Gebrüder Enoch
  • Fanck, Arnold (1973) Er fuhrte Regie mit Gletschern, Sturmen und Lawinen; ein Filmpionier erzahlt München: Nymphenburger Verlagshandlung ISBN 3-485-01756-6
  • Haarstark, Gunther (1990) Dramatische Berge. Der Filmregisseur Dr. Arnold Fanck, Frankfurt M., Magisterarbeit
  • Horak, Jan-Christopher with Pichler, Gisela, eds. (1997) Berge, Licht und Traum. Dr. Arnold Fanck und der deutsche Bergfilm München: Bruckmann ISBN 3765430919
  • Rapp, Christian (1997) Höhenrausch. Der deutsche Bergfilm Wien: Sonderzahl
  • Bock, Hans-Michael and Bergfelder, Tim (eds) (2009) The Concise Cinegraph: Encyclopaedia of German Cinema Berghahn Books ISBN 9781571816559 pg 116 - 117
  • Fanck, Matthias (2009) Arnold Fanck. Weisse Hölle – weisser Rausch. Bergfilme und Bergbilder 1909 – 1939. AS-Verlag, Zürich ISBN 978-3-909111-66-4
  • Inkster, Darlene (2012) Film Pioneers: Arnold Fanck pg 18-21 in Directory of World Cinema: Germany edited by Michelle Langford, Intellect Books ISBN 9781841504650
  • Haque, Kamaal (2012) Genre of the Mountain Film in A New History of German Cinema edited by Jennifer M. Kapczynski, Michael David Richardson; Boydell & Brewe ISBN 9781571135957 pp 142-147

External links[edit]