Arnold Mindell

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Arnold Mindell (born 1 January 1940) is an American author, therapist and teacher in the fields of transpersonal psychology, body psychotherapy, social change and spirituality.[1][2][3]:15 He is known for extending Jungian dream analysis to body symptoms,[4][5][6]:61 promoting ideas of ‘deep democracy,’[7][8]:207[9] and interpreting concepts from physics and mathematics in psychological terms.[10][11] Mindell is the founder of process oriented psychology, also called Process Work, a development of Jungian psychology influenced by Taoism, shamanism and physics.[12][13]

Arnold Mindell at Worldwork Denver 2011

Life[edit]

Arnold Mindell was born in Schenectady, New York.[14] He studied applied physics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology,[15] and then at the ETH Zürich, Switzerland.[14] Mindell was introduced to Jungian psychology in Switzerland following a chance encounter with Franz Riklin, then president of the C.G. Jung Institute.[14] Mindell subsequently entered analysis with Riklin and Marie-Louise von Franz and trained as a Jungian analyst at the Jung Institute.[14] He has a Ph.D. in psychology from the Union Institute.[14]

Mindell received the Jungian Analyst diploma in 1970,[15] and served at the C. G. Jung Institute as a teacher and Training Analyst until he left in 1985.[5] In the early 1980s, Mindell and colleagues began the first training program for process oriented psychology, in Zürich;[5] and in 1982 founded what is now known as the Institute for Process Work (Institut für Prozessarbeit IPA), an accredited Training Institute for psychotherapy in Switzerland.[16]

In the late 1980s Mindell and his wife, Amy Mindell, moved back to the United States from Switzerland, causing some controversy in the small coastal town of Yachats, Oregon with plans to build a seminar venue.[17] In 1990, Mindell and colleagues established a center for teaching process oriented psychology in Portland, Oregon, now known as the Process Work Institute, which in 2001 was the subject of a controversial ethics complaint.[18] The Mindells settled in Oregon, and in 2013 were invited by The Yachats Academy of Arts and Sciences to present a lecture on their conflict resolution and open forum work around the world.[19]

Mindell features prominently in Micah Toub’s 2010 memoir Growing Up Jung.[20] Toub represents Mindell as a charismatic, unconventional post-Jungian teacher and psychotherapist who was a “a guru-like figure” for Toub’s parents.[21]

Work[edit]

Overview[edit]

Mindell founded and developed process oriented psychology, also known as Process Work. Core ideas include his ‘dreambody’ concept and the application of psychology to social issues and conflict resolution in large groups, known as ‘worldwork’ and the principle of ‘deep democracy.’[12][15][22] Stanislav Grof has described Arnold Mindell as one of the ‘pioneers of transpersonal psychology.’[23]:102 In 2012, Mindell was one of five people recognized with a Pioneer Award from the US Association of Body Psychotherapy.[24] He is a holder of the World Certificate for Psychotherapy (WCPC) awarded by the World Council for Psychotherapy.[25]

Mindell has been the subject of two Thinking Allowed programs, the independent television series hosted by Jeffrey Mishlove.[26] He has been interviewed on Shrink Rap Radio (2008),[15] New Dimensions Radio (2009, 1995)[27][28] and Somatic Perspectives on Psychotherapy (2009).[22]

Mindell has been criticised for teaching New Age concepts and practices that are unclear and unknown within the mainstream of psychology; and it is noted that he is not licensed as a clinical psychologist in Oregon.[18] Mindell’s dreambody work has been criticized as a form of 'metaphysical healthcare';[29] while another commentator referred to process oriented psychology as an example of a transpersonal psychology with the potential, he claimed, to be misused as a form of 'mind control.'[30]

Key ideas[edit]

The ‘dreambody’ concept was developed in the 1970s while Mindell was a practicing Jungian analyst, derived from his observation of connections between people’s dreams and their body symptoms and published in Dreambody: the Body's Role in Revealing the Self (Routledge, 1984).[5][13] Mindell’s therapeutic technique has been compared to Fritz Perls: “The most striking difference, at least from Perls himself, is one of mood - Mindell's work is playful, supportive and permissive rather than confrontational.”[12] :28 Another commentator writes: “Mindell … exemplifies both the good and bad of contemporary dreamwork. On the first score: there is a bit of flim-flam about Mindell. And he conspicuously overemploys the first person singular while extolling non-ego functions. Also, he interprets disease processes so positively that they begin to lose their catagogic authenticity. But on the second score: he is inventive, creative, intuitive, holistic, and affirmative. He breaks down prevailing categories and finds authentic meanings where our culture traditionally does not. And he helps people.”[4]:522

In 1995 Mindell extended the dreambody concept to a theory and practice of working with people in coma and near death states;[5][13] this work inspired a UK theatre production by Improbable theatre.[31][32] In his 1988 book, City Shadows: Psychological Interventions in Psychiatry, Mindell presented his approach to psychiatric disorders, drug addiction and mental retardation. The book provides verbatim case studies describing interventions focused on the meaning of the patient’s unusual communication, including non-verbal signals.[33]

Mindell's 1990 book, Working on Yourself Alone: Inner Dreambody Work, presents a meditation practice that focuses attention on subtle body experiences and amplifies them to reveal unexpected information and meaning for the meditator.[34] It provides a model for creative spiritual practice involving inner reflection and personal development.[35] In the 2002 work, Dreaming while Awake: Techniques for 24-hour Lucid Dreaming, Mindell built on ideas of lucid dreaming, indigenous traditions and Zen Buddhism to create an awareness practice for daily life: paying attention to thoughts and perceptions that are normally dismissed, which he calls ‘flirts’ from the ‘Dreaming.’[36]

Mindell has also published books dealing with large group conflict resolution and leadership, notably The Leader as Martial Artist: An Introduction to Deep Democracy (1992) and Sitting in the fire: Large Group Transformation Using Conflict and Diversity (1995).[8]:207[37][38]:408[39] Mindell advances a concept and principle he calls ‘deep democracy'[40] and the approach has been compared to the work of Danaan Parry.[41]:46[42] Mindell’s group conflict work has been reported within a business setting[43] and within large community forums working with racism and other social tensions.[41][44][45][46]

Mindell’s work is known for proposing analogies between the concepts of mathematics, classical and quantum physics and psychological experiences; his books include simple exercises to guide the reader to explore their own experience of these ideas.[10][47]:456[48]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Mindell, A. (2010) Processmind: A user's guide to connecting with the mind of God. Quest Books. ISBN 978-0835608862
  • Mindell, A. (2007). Earth-based psychology: Path awareness from the teachings of Don Juan, Richard Feynman, and Lao Tse. Portland, OR: Lao Tse Press. ISBN 1-887078-75-4
  • Mindell, A. (2000). Dreaming while awake: techniques for 24-hour lucid dreaming. Charlottesville, VA: Hampton Roads Publishing Company Inc. ISBN 978-1571743596
  • Mindell, A. (2000). Quantum Mind: The edge between physics and psychology. Portland, OR: Lao Tse Press.
  • Mindell, A. (1995). Sitting in the fire: Large group transformation using conflict and diversity. Portland, OR: Lao Tse Press. ISBN 978-1887078009
  • Mindell, A. (1995). Coma: The Dreambody near death. Penguin Books (Arkana). ISBN 9780140194838
  • Mindell, A. (1993). The shaman's body: A new shamanism for transforming health, relationships, and the community. HarperSanFrancisco. ISBN 978-0062506559
  • Mindell, A. (1992). The leader as martial artist: An introduction to deep democracy (1st ed.). San Francisco: Harper. ISBN 978-0062506405
  • Mindell, A. (1990). Working on yourself alone: Inner dreambody work. Penguin Group. ISBN 9780140192018
  • Mindell, A. (1989). The Year 1: Global process work. Community creation from global problems, tensions and myths. London: Penguin Books (Arkana). ISBN 978-0140192100
  • Mindell, A. (1988). City shadows: psychological interventions in psychiatry. London and New York: Routledge. ISBN 9780415001939
  • Mindell, A. (1985). River’s Way: The process science of the dreambody. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul. ISBN 0-7102-0631-3
  • Mindell, A. (1984). Dreambody: the body’s role in revealing the self. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul. ISBN 9780710202505

References[edit]

  1. ^ "IONS Directory Profile: Arnold Mindell". Institute of Noetic Sciences. Retrieved 14 October 2013. 
  2. ^ "Arnold Mindell - Author Profile". Quest Books: Theosophical Publishing House. Retrieved 5 February 2014. 
  3. ^ Young, Courtenay (2010). "The history and development of Body-Psychotherapy: European diversity". Body, Movement and Dance in Psychotherapy 5 (1): 5–19. doi:10.1080/17432970903499958. 
  4. ^ a b Shafton, A. (1995). Dream reader: contemporary approaches to the understanding of dreams. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press. ISBN 0-7914-2618-1 (p. 522-525)
  5. ^ a b c d e Singer, J. (1995). Arny and Amy Mindell on Process Oriented Psychology (Interview). The San Francisco Jung Institute Library Journal, 13(4), 25–40.
  6. ^ Caldwell, C. (1997) ‘Dreams and the dreaming body. Amy and Arny Mindell’ in C. Caldwell (Ed.) Getting in touch: The guide to new body-centered therapies. Wheaton, IL: Quest. ISBN 0-8356-0761-5 (p.61)
  7. ^ Kelly, Barbara (6 August 2011). "Congress needs an intervention". Bluffton Today, SC. Retrieved 4 February 2014. 
  8. ^ a b Collins, Mick; Collins (2008). "Politics and the Numinous: Evolution, Spiritual Emergency, and the Re-emergence of Transpersonal Consciousness". Psychotherapy & Politics International 6 (3): 198–211. doi:10.1002/ppi. 
  9. ^ Bradshaw, John Elliot (1996). Bradshaw on the family: a new way of creating solid self-esteem (Revised). Deerfield Beach, FL: Health Communications. pp. xvi –xvii. ISBN 1-55874-427-4. 
  10. ^ a b Stein, David (2004). "Quantum Mind – The Edge Between Physics and Psychology". The Rose+Croix Journal 1: 77–81. Retrieved 4 February 2014. 
  11. ^ Collins, M. (2001). Who Is Occupied ? Consciousness , Self Awareness and the Process of Human Adaptation. Journal of Occupational Science, 8(1), 25–32. doi: 10.1080/14427591.2001.9686482 (p.29)
  12. ^ a b c Totton, N. (2003). Body Psychotherapy: An Introduction. Berkshire, England: Open University Press, McGraw-Hill House. ISBN 0-335-21039-2 (p.107-108)
  13. ^ a b c Schuitevoerder, N.; Zweig, C. (1996). "Life is but a dream an interview with Arnold Mindell". Psychological Perspectives: A Quarterly Journal of Jungian Thought 33 (1): 78–91. doi:10.1080/00332929608405731. 
  14. ^ a b c d e Henderson, Robert S. (2005). "We Must All Breathe: an Interview with Arnold Mindell, Ph.D., at 61". Quadrant XXXV (2). 
  15. ^ a b c d Van Nuys, David. "From Dreambody to Worldwork with Arnold Mindell.". Shrink Rap Radio #170 (August 29, 2008). Shrink Rap Radio. Retrieved 5 February 2014. 
  16. ^ "Institute". Institut für Prozessarbeit (Institute for Process Work, Zurich). Retrieved 5 February 2014. 
  17. ^ Bacon, Larry (3 March 1990). "Yachats leery about Jungian psychologist’s plans". The Register-Guard, Eugene, OR. pp. 1, 4A. Retrieved 17 November 2013. 
  18. ^ a b Shafer, David (29 August 2001). "Dream Academy: and you thought your degree was useless". Willamette Week. pp. 18–21. Retrieved 17 November 2013. 
  19. ^ "Conflict Resolution and Open Forum Experience around the World". News Lincoln County. August 6, 2013. Retrieved 29 May 2014. 
  20. ^ Toub, M. (2010). Growing Up Jung: Coming of Age as the Son of Two Shrinks. New York: W.W. Norton & Company. ISBN 978-0393067552 See Ch 1 The Marginalized & Ch 2 Dreambody (pp. 15-68)
  21. ^ Garfinkel, J. (11 October 2010). "Portrait of the artist as a Jung man". The Globe and Mail, Toronto. 
  22. ^ a b Prengle, Serge. "Arny Mindell (March, 2009)". Somatic Perspectives on Psychotherapy. Retrieved 5 February 2014. 
  23. ^ Grof, S. (2010). The Consciousness Revolution. In V. V. Kozlov, V. V. Maykov, & V. F. Petrenko (Eds.), Consciousness Revolution: Transpersonal Discoveries That Are Changing the World. Materials of the17th International Transpersonal Conference. Moscow, 23–27 July 2010. (pp. 100–103). Moscow: Presidium of the International Academy of Psychological Sciences. Retrieved from http://ita2010.com/downloads/en/eng_17th_Conference_Theses.pdf (p.102)
  24. ^ "USABP Pioneer Award 2012". United States Association for Body Psychotherapy. Retrieved October 27, 2013. 
  25. ^ "World Certificate for Psychotherapy". World Council for Psychotherapy. Retrieved 6 February 2014. 
  26. ^ "Program page: Process Psychology and Your Dream Body & Working With Comas". Thinking Allowed hosted by Jeffrey Mishlove. Thinking Allowed TV Series and DVD Collection. Retrieved 5 February 2014. 
  27. ^ Toms, Michael. "Seeing the World the Way It Is: Interview with Arny Mindell, Ph.D. & Amy Mindell, Ph.D. New Dimensions Radio". 2009 (Program No. C0138). New Dimensions Radio. Retrieved 5 February 2014. 
  28. ^ Toms, Michael. "Worldwork: Ways to Personal and Global Wholeness with Amy Mindell, Ph.D. & Arnold Mindell, Ph.D.". 1995 (Program No. 2516). New Dimensions Radio. Retrieved 5 February 2014. 
  29. ^ Raso, Jack (1998). The Expanded Dictionary of Metaphysical Healthcare, Alternative Medicine, Paranormal Healing, and Related Methods. 
  30. ^ Tomabechi, Hideto. "An interview: A brain-functionalist who deprogrammed AUM's top leaders A Devastating Scenario: A Mind Control Society". Takarajima, No. 304, March 1997. Pp. 224-271. Retrieved 30 December 2013. 
  31. ^ Gardner, L. (1999, May 4). Arts: Beautiful dreamers: It’s hard to imagine a less promising subject for a play than a coma. But if anyone can make it work, it's Improbable Theatre. The Guardian, p. News: p13. London
  32. ^ Taylor, P. (1999, May 24). Theatre: In Death’s other kingdom. The Independent. London.
  33. ^ Ramon, S. (1989). "Book Reviews: City Shadows: Psychological Interventions in Psychiatry by Arnold Mindell". International Journal of Social Psychiatry 35 (2): 210. doi:10.1177/002076408903500212. 
  34. ^ Mastrangelo, L. (8 May 2009). "Dreams and the body: Ways of seeking ancestral knowledge - Part I". San Francisco Examiner (CA). 
  35. ^ Mastrangelo, L. (4 May 2009). "The dream as spiritual practice: Redefining discipline". San Francisco Examiner (CA). 
  36. ^ Simpkinson, Laurie. "Dreaming While Awake Techniques for 24-Hour Lucid Dreaming by Arnold Mindell (Book review)". Shift Magazine, March 2004, p. 31–32. IONS LIbrary. Retrieved 6 February 2014. 
  37. ^ Haw, P. (2008, July 28). Appreciate and honour greybeards’ wisdom. Business Day (Johannesburg).
  38. ^ Miller, S. M.; Nelson, M. W. & Moore, M. T. (1998). "Caught in the Paradigm Gap: Qualitative Researchers’ Lived Experience and the Politics of Epistemology". American Educational Research Journal 35 (3): 377–416. doi:10.3102/00028312035003377. 
  39. ^ Tucker, Jean Gilbert (1992). "Book review: The Leader as Martial Artist: An Introduction to Deep Democracy". Whole Earth Review (77 Winter): 21. 
  40. ^ Totton, Nick (2007). "Democracy and therapy". Therapy Today (18.1). British Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy. Retrieved 23 December 2013. 
  41. ^ a b Totton, N. (2000). Psychotherapy and Politics. London: Sage Publications. ISBN 0-7619-5850-9 (p.45-48)
  42. ^ Britt, S. (2012, July 2). My View: Conflict resolution starts at home. Gloucester Daily Times (MA), p. Opinion.
  43. ^ Religion News Service (5 July 1997). "Process work’ helps all, analyst says". St. Petersburg Times, FL p. 5-6, 8. 
  44. ^ "Tools to deal with conflict". Manly Daily, Sydney, Australia. p. 4. 21 April 2006. 
  45. ^ Peay, P. (1997, July 5). Public therapy aims to heal rifts of racism. St Petersburg Times, FL.
  46. ^ Lattin, D. (1992, May 1). Mediators target hot spots. San Francisco Chronicle.
  47. ^ Collins, Mike (2011). "The Akashic Field and Archetypal Occupations: Transforming Human Potential Through Doing and Being". World Futures: The Journal of Global Education 67 (7): 453–479. doi:10.1080/02604027.2011.563190. 
  48. ^ Levine, C. (2004). "Book Review: Three Recent Books by Arnold Mindell: Dreammaker’s Apprentice, Deep Democracy of Open Forums and Quantum Mind and Healing". Anchor Point (December): 1–4. 

External links[edit]