Arnos Grove tube station

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Arnos Grove
London Underground
Arnos Grove underground station 16 November 2012.jpg
Arnos Grove is located in Greater London
Arnos Grove
Arnos Grove
Location of Arnos Grove in Greater London
Location Arnos Grove[1]
Local authority Enfield
Managed by London Underground
Number of platforms 4 (facing 3 tracks)
Fare zone 4
London Underground annual entry and exit
2010 Decrease 4.10 million[2]
2011 Increase 4.16 million[3]
2012 Steady 4.16 million[3]
2013 Increase 4.48 million[3]
Railway companies
Original company London Electric Railway
Key dates
19 September 1932 Station opened as terminus
13 March 1933 Line extended to Enfield West(now Oakwood)
Listed status
Listing grade II* (since 20 July 2011)
Entry number 1358981[4]
Added to list 19 February 1971
Other information
Lists of stations
Portal icon London Transport portalCoordinates: 51°36′59″N 0°08′01″W / 51.6163°N 0.1335°W / 51.6163; -0.1335

Arnos Grove is a London Underground station on the Piccadilly line between Bounds Green and Southgate. It is in Travelcard Zone 4 and is located in Arnos Grove, near Arnos Park on Bowes Road, London. The station and surrounding neighbourhood of Arnos Grove take their names from the Arnos Grove estate, which was north of the station.[1] The station is the first surface station north after the long tunnel section from Barons Court via Central London.

History[edit]

The station was opened on 19 September 1932 as the most northerly on the first section of the Piccadilly Line extension from Finsbury Park to Cockfosters. It was the terminus of the line until services were further extended to Oakwood on 13 March 1933. Its name was chosen after public deliberation: alternatives were "Arnos Park", "Bowes Road" and "Southgate".[5]

Station interior

Like the other stations Charles Holden designed for the extension, Arnos Grove was built in a modern European style using brick, glass and reinforced concrete and basic geometric shapes. A circular drum-like ticket hall of brick and glass panels rises from a low single-storey structure and is capped by a flat concrete roof. The design was inspired by the Stockholm City Library and Swedish architect Gunnar Asplund.[6] A similar design was employed by Holden for the rebuilding of Chiswick Park on the District line (also in 1932), although the drum there is supplemented with an adjacent brick tower. The centre of the ticket hall is occupied by a disused ticket office (a passimeter in London Underground parlance) which houses an exhibition on the station and the line. In July 2011 Arnos Grove became a Grade II* listed building.[7] The building is one of the 12 "Great Modern Buildings" profiled in The Guardian during October 2007,[8] and was summarised by architectural critic Jonathan Glancey as "...truly what German art historians would describe as a gesamtkunstwerk, a total and entire work of art."[6]

Accidents and incidents[edit]

  • On 11 August 1948, a passenger train was derailed when the front and rear bogies of a carriage took different routes at a set of points.[9]

The station today[edit]

Three parallel train tracks pass through the station, with two double-sided platforms between the central track and the outer tracks. The edges of the platforms are labelled platform 1 and 2, and platform 3 and 4, in such a way that the two outer tracks are accessible from platforms 1 and 4, and the central track, usually used by trains that terminate and reverse at Arnos Grove station, is accessible from platforms 2 and 3. Platforms 1 and 2 are designated for trains to Cockfosters, platforms 3 and 4 for trains to Central London. When operational problems occur on the line, Arnos Grove station may act as a temporary terminus of a reduced service – either a shuttle service between Arnos Grove and Cockfosters or a truncated service from Central London. The station has a set of seven sidings to its south for stabling trains.

In 2005 the station underwent a refurbishment programme including improvements to signage, security and train information systems. Some of the original signs are in a 'petit-serif' adaptation of the London Underground typeface, Johnston Sans. This type-face was designed by Charles Holden and Percy Delf Smith.

The station is part of the Arnos Grove group of stations, comprising all seven stations from Cockfosters to Turnpike Lane, and the management office for the group is in Arnos Grove station. Linked to the station by a lineside passageway is Ash House, which is a drivers' depot. Arnos Grove is often noted for its station cat (a rarity on the London Underground network), called Spooky, who now occupies the station car park after being evicted due to the introduction of UTS gates.[10]

Underground in Bloom 2011[edit]

Arnos Grove Drivers' Depot won Best Newcomer and Best Overall Garden for their new project which also got them an award in the London in Bloom competition. Their website[11] tells the whole story with photographs of the garden and the awards ceremonies.

Film Location[edit]

The station building appears as "Marble Hill" underground station in the episode "Wasps' Nest" of the Agatha Christie's Poirot TV series with David Suchet as Hercule Poirot.

Nearby places[edit]

Transport connections[edit]

Arnos Grove Bus Station[edit]

The following London Bus routes serve the bus station (the tube station forecourt):[12]

New Southgate railway station[edit]

New Southgate railway station is a five-minute walk from Arnos Grove or a two-minute bus journey on the 232 and 382 bus routes.[13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Arnos Grove, Enfield". Hidden London. Archived from the original on 6 December 2008. 
  2. ^ "Customer metrics: entries and exits: 2010". London Underground performance update. Transport for London. Retrieved 26 December 2012. 
  3. ^ a b c "Multi-year station entry-and-exit figures" (XLS). London Underground station passenger usage data. Transport for London. 2014. Retrieved 27 July 2014. 
  4. ^ "Arnos Grove Underground Station". The National Heritage List for England. English Heritage. Archived from the original on 17 October 2012. 
  5. ^ Dumayne, Alan (1998). Southgate. Sutton Publishing Limited. p. 44. ISBN 0-7509-2000-9. 
  6. ^ a b Glancey, Jonathan (16 October 2007). "Great modern buildings: Going Underground". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 25 January 2009. 
  7. ^ "16 London Underground Stations Listed at Grade II". English Heritage. Archived from the original on 14 September 2011. 
  8. ^ "The Guardian's Great Modern Buildings Series". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 21 November 2007. 
  9. ^ Earnshaw, Alan (1993). Trains in Trouble: Vol. 8. Penryn: Atlantic Books. p. 22. ISBN 0-906899-52-4. 
  10. ^ "Arnos Grove". Platform for art – Thin Cities. Transport for London. Archived from the original on 22 February 2007. 
  11. ^ "arnos grow'n'picc club". Archived from the original on 2 April 2012. 
  12. ^ "Arnos Grove Bus Station (Bowes Road)". Live Travel News. Transport for London. 
  13. ^ "Bus services from Arnos Grove" (PDF). TfL. Archived from the original on 30 September 2007. 

External links[edit]

Preceding station   Underground no-text.svg London Underground   Following station
Piccadilly line
towards Cockfosters
Terminus