Arnos Grove tube station
Location of Arnos Grove in Greater London
|Managed by||London Underground|
|Number of platforms||4 (facing 3 tracks)|
|London Underground annual entry and exit|
|Original company||London Electric Railway|
|19 September 1932||Station opened as terminus|
|13 March 1933||Line extended to Enfield West(now Oakwood)|
|Listing grade||II* (since 20 July 2011)|
|Added to list||19 February 1971|
|Lists of stations|
|London Transport portalCoordinates:|
Arnos Grove is a London Underground station on the Piccadilly line between Bounds Green and Southgate. It is in Travelcard Zone 4 and is located in Arnos Grove, near Arnos Park on Bowes Road, London. The station and surrounding neighbourhood of Arnos Grove take their names from the Arnos Grove estate, which was north of the station. The station was designed by architect Charles Holden, opened in 1932, and has been described as a significant work of modern architecture. It is the first surface station north after the long tunnel section from Barons Court via Central London.
The station was opened on 19 September 1932 as the most northerly on the first section of the Piccadilly line extension from Finsbury Park to Cockfosters. It was the terminus of the line until services were further extended to Oakwood on 13 March 1933. Its name was chosen after public deliberation: alternatives were "Arnos Park", "Bowes Road" and "Southgate".
Like the other stations Charles Holden designed for the extension, Arnos Grove was built in a modern European style using brick, glass and reinforced concrete and basic geometric shapes. A circular drum-like ticket hall of brick and glass panels rises from a low single-storey structure and is capped by a flat concrete roof. The design was inspired by the Stockholm City Library and Swedish architect Gunnar Asplund. A similar design was employed by Holden for the rebuilding of Chiswick Park on the District line (also in 1932), although the drum there is supplemented with an adjacent brick tower. The centre of the ticket hall is occupied by a disused ticket office (a passimeter in London Underground parlance) which houses an exhibition on the station and the line. In July 2011 Arnos Grove became a Grade II* listed building. The building is one of the 12 "Great Modern Buildings" profiled in The Guardian during October 2007, and was summarised by architectural critic Jonathan Glancey as "...truly what German art historians would describe as a gesamtkunstwerk, a total and entire work of art."
Accidents and incidents
- On 11 August 1948, a passenger train was derailed when the front and rear bogies of a carriage took different routes at a set of points.
The station today
Three parallel train tracks pass through the station, with two double-sided platforms between the central track and the outer tracks. The edges of the platforms are labelled platform 1 and 2, and platform 3 and 4, in such a way that the two outer tracks are accessible from platforms 1 and 4, and the central track, usually used by trains that terminate and reverse at Arnos Grove station, is accessible from platforms 2 and 3. Platforms 1 and 2 are designated for trains to Cockfosters, platforms 3 and 4 for trains to Central London. When operational problems occur on the line, Arnos Grove station may act as a temporary terminus of a reduced service – either a shuttle service between Arnos Grove and Cockfosters or a truncated service from Central London. The station has a set of seven sidings to its south for stabling trains.
In 2005 the station underwent a refurbishment programme including improvements to signage, security and train information systems. Some of the original signs are in a 'petit-serif' adaptation of the London Underground typeface, Johnston Sans. This type-face was designed by Charles Holden and Percy Delf Smith.
The station is part of the Arnos Grove group of stations, comprising all seven stations from Cockfosters to Turnpike Lane, and the management office for the group is in Arnos Grove station. Linked to the station by a lineside passageway is Ash House, which is a drivers' depot. Arnos Grove is often noted for its station cat (a rarity on the London Underground network), called Spooky, who now occupies the station car park after being evicted due to the introduction of UTS gates.
Underground in Bloom 2011
Arnos Grove Drivers' Depot won Best Newcomer and Best Overall Garden for their new project which also got them an award in the London in Bloom competition. Their website tells the whole story with photographs of the garden and the awards ceremonies.
- London Buses routes serve the bus station (the tube station forecourt) are 34; 184; 232; 251; 298; 382 and night route N91.
- New Southgate National Rail station is a five-minute walk from Arnos Grove 
- "Arnos Grove, Enfield". Hidden London. Archived from the original on 6 December 2008.
- "Multi-year station entry-and-exit figures" (XLS). London Underground station passenger usage data. Transport for London. 2014. Retrieved 27 July 2014.
- "Arnos Grove Underground Station". The National Heritage List for England. English Heritage. Archived from the original on 17 October 2012.
- Dumayne, Alan (1998). Southgate. Sutton Publishing Limited. p. 44. ISBN 0-7509-2000-9.
- Glancey, Jonathan (16 October 2007). "Great modern buildings: Going Underground". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 25 January 2009.
- "16 London Underground Stations Listed at Grade II". English Heritage. Archived from the original on 14 September 2011.
- "The Guardian's Great Modern Buildings Series". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 21 November 2007.
- Earnshaw, Alan (1993). Trains in Trouble: Vol. 8. Penryn: Atlantic Books. p. 22. ISBN 0-906899-52-4.
- "Arnos Grove". Platform for art – Thin Cities. Transport for London. Archived from the original on 22 February 2007.
- "arnos grow'n'picc club". Archived from the original on 2 April 2012.
- "Bus services from Arnos Grove" (PDF). TfL. Archived (PDF) from the original on 30 September 2007.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Arnos Grove tube station.|
- "Arnos Grove". Photographic Archive. London Transport Museum. Archived from the original on 26 January 2014.
- "Plan and elevation of station". drawings. Royal Institute of British Architects. 1931. Archived from the original on 7 July 2011.
- "Early image of Arnos Grove tube station". CharlesHolden.com. Archived from the original on 23 November 2003.
- "History of Arnos Grove and Southgate". Borough of Enfield. Archived from the original on 26 May 2005.
- "Great Modern Buildings Series". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 21 November 2007.
- "Arnos Grove 3D model for Google Earth". Google Sketchup.
- "Underground in Bloom Awards". Transport for London. Archived from the original on 1 October 2012.
- "Garden created by green-fingered drivers". arnos grow'n'picc club. Archived from the original on 2 April 2012.
|Preceding station||London Underground||Following station|