Arnside on the River Kent
Arnside shown within Cumbria
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||North West England|
|UK Parliament||Westmorland and Lonsdale|
Arnside is a village and civil parish in Cumbria, England. It faces the estuary of the River Kent on the north eastern corner of Morecambe Bay, within the Arnside and Silverdale Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty. Historically it lay within Westmorland, near the border with Lancashire, and has a population of 2,301.
The village lies on the railway line from Lancaster to West Cumbria, which passes over the River Kent via the Arnside viaduct. Up to the 19th century, the village was a port, but building the viaduct caused the estuary to silt up.
The oldest building in the parish is Arnside Tower, a Peel tower built in the 14th/15th century as a refuge against raids from Scots and the Border Reivers. The town is overlooked by Arnside Knott, a hill that rises out of the estuary.
The line was opened in 1857 by the Ulverston and Lancaster Railway, which was taken over by the Furness Railway 26 May 1862. The Furness Railway's Hincaster Branch ran from 26 June 1876, connecting to the Lancaster and Carlisle Railway at Hincaster, which is now part of the West Coast Main Line (WCML). Passenger services ended on the branch on 4 May 1942 and the lines were removed in 1966.
Bus services which run through the village include the 552 and 553.
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With each high tide Arnside is subjected to a very fast rising tide. Because of the potential danger warning notices are posted at the pier, and an audible warning is sounded before every high tide (in daylight). The sequence of warnings is:-
- Eight sounds on the siren - around 2.25 h before high tide
- Eight sounds on the siren - around 1.75 h before high tide
- Twelve sounds on the siren - around 1.25 h before high tide when the incoming tide is just visible from the Coastguard station (location of the siren )
The cause of this fast tide is a combination of the large area of Morecambe Bay, which narrows rapidly at Arnside, plus the second highest tidal range (at Barrow-in-Furness, which can be as much as 32 feet (9.8 m) on a spring tide nearest the spring and autumn equinox: these typically give rise to a tidal bore, which may be as high as 12 inches (30 cm), and are often used by canoeists.
Railway viaduct over the Kent estuary near Arnside
- Office for National Statistics: Census 2001 : Parish Headcounts : South Lakeland Retrieved 3 November 2010
- "Arnside station and viaduct". VisitCumbria.com. Retrieved 18 April 2013.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Arnside.|
- Arnside Gateway - local on-line resources
- Arnside Photos Photos of Arnside
- On an 1862 "6 inch" map. This is from the Ordnance Survey of Westmorland. (The view on the 1848-1850 map of Lancashire and Furness is misleading - it was outside the surveyors' area and they have left it as an outline only.)
||Lake District National Park||Kendal|
|Silverdale, Morecambe Bay|