Aroue-Ithorots-Olhaïby

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Aroue)
Jump to: navigation, search
Aroue-Ithorots-Olhaïby
The Town Hall at Aroue
The Town Hall at Aroue
Aroue-Ithorots-Olhaïby is located in France
Aroue-Ithorots-Olhaïby
Aroue-Ithorots-Olhaïby
Coordinates: 43°19′09″N 0°54′59″W / 43.3192°N 0.9164°W / 43.3192; -0.9164Coordinates: 43°19′09″N 0°54′59″W / 43.3192°N 0.9164°W / 43.3192; -0.9164
Country France
Region Aquitaine
Department Pyrénées-Atlantiques
Arrondissement Bayonne
Canton Saint-Palais
Intercommunality Amikuze
Government
 • Mayor (2014–2020) Jean-Pierre Barneix
Area1 17.85 km2 (6.89 sq mi)
Population (2009)2 245
 • Density 14/km2 (36/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 64049 / 64120
Elevation 89–231 m (292–758 ft)
(avg. 114 m or 374 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Aroue-Ithorots-Olhaïby (Basque: Arüe-Ithorrotze-Olhaibi) is a French commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Aquitaine region of south-western France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Arouetarrak.[3]

Geography[edit]

The Church of Saint-Étienne of Aroue in the morning sun.
The Church Tower.
Hilarri in the cemetery in Aroue.
Hilarri in the cemetery in Aroue.
View of the hamlet of Ithorots, the church, and the fronton with a glimpse of the chateau in the background.
The church at Ithorots.
The Chapel at Olhaïbe.

Aroue-Ithorots-Olhaïby is located in the former Basque province of Soule some 10 km east of Saint-Palais and 10 km south of Sauveterre-de-Béarn. Access to the commune is by the D11 road from Domezain-Berraute in the west passing through the west fork of the commune then Etcharry then the east fork and the village before continuing south-east to Charritte-de-Bas. The commune is mixed forest and farmland.[2]

Located in the Drainage basin of the Adour, the commune is traversed from south to north by the Lafoure (a tributary of the Saison) with its tributary the Hourquet and the Lauhirasse with its tributary the Thiancoenia erreka.[2]

Places and Hamlets[1][edit]

  • Abbadie (château)
  • Aïntcia
  • Aitzaguer
  • Aroue
  • Bagardoy
  • Bartulague[4]
  • Begorre
  • Beheria
  • Benoscar (Forest)
  • Bentaberria
  • Berhon
  • Berrogain
  • Bethe
  • Bidauria
  • Bohoteguia
  • Bouhaben
  • Carriquiry
  • Ertorraenia
  • Etchebarnia
  • Etcheberria
  • Etchecoin
  • Etchelecu
  • Etchemborde
  • Eyherabide
  • Garay
  • Guestereguia
  • Hagoua
  • Harguina
  • Harguinaborda
  • Ithorots
  • Jaureguiberria
  • Joantho (château)
  • Landaco
  • Landuchia
  • Larraburuzahar
  • Larrartia
  • Lassartia
  • Linchinbiague
  • Mendiburia
  • Mendicoi
  • Mendionde
  • Metcha (Mill)
  • Olhaïby
  • Olhassaria[4]
  • Oxaïby
  • Oxart
  • Oxidoya
  • Oyhamburia
  • Oyhenart-Chipi
  • Oyhençabal
  • Pagueguy
  • Poulit
  • Quillilauquy
  • Salla
  • Sallagaray
  • Saubidet

Neighbouring communes and villages[2][edit]

Toponymy[edit]

The commune name in basque is Arüe-Ithorrotze-Olhaibi.[5]

Jean-Baptiste Orpustan indicated that Ithorots possibly signified "source of cold water" and Olhaïby "the ford of the huts".[6]

The following table details the origins of the commune name and other names in the commune.

Name Spelling Date Source Page Origin Description
Aroue Aroe 1337 Orpustan
228
Village
Aroa 1385 Raymond
11
Duchesne
Aroe 1460 Raymond
11
Ohix
Sent Stephen d'Aroe 1469 Raymond
11
Ohix
Degaierie de Aroa 1520 Orpustan
228
Aroue 1690 Orpustan
228
Aroüe 1750 Cassini
Ithorots Ithorrodz 1337 Orpustan
233
Village
Uthorrotz 1469 Orpustan
233
Itorrotz 1469 Raymond
84
Ohix
Utorrotz 1478 Raymond
84
Ohix
Utorrotz 1480 Raymond
84
Ohix
Ytorrotz 1482 Raymond
84
Ohix
Y Ptorrotz 1690 Orpustan
233
Iptorrotz 1690 Orpustan
233
Ithorrotz 1750 Cassini
Ittorrolz 1801 EHESS (1) Bulletin des Lois
Olhaïbi Olhaivi 1308 Orpustan
233
Village
Olhabie 1375 Raymond
124
Luntz
Olƒabie 1376 Raymond
124
Military
Olhaibie 1385 Raymond
124
Duchesne
Olhabia 1407 Raymond
124
Duchesne
Olhayvi 1496 Raymond
124
Ohix
Olharby 1563 Raymond
124
Languedoc
Olhayby 1690 Orpustan
233
Olhaybié 1690 Orpustan
233
Olhaybi 1750 Cassini
Olhaiby 1793 EHESS (2)
Abbadie L'Abbadie 1863 Raymond
1
Lay Abbey of Ithorots, vassal of the Viscounts of Soule
Bartulague Batrulague 1477 Raymond
22
Ohix Farm of Ithorots-Olhaïby
Barthulague 1863 Raymond
22
Béloscar Belhoscar 1496 Raymond
27
Ohix Farm in Aroue
Lafaure La Phaura 1538 Raymond
135
Reformation Stream which rises in Aroue, crosses Etcharry and joins the Saison at Espiute
La Phaure 1863 Raymond
135
Olhassaria Olhassari 17th century Raymond
124
Arthez-Lasalle Fief under the Viscounts of Soule
Olhassarry 1863 Raymond
124

Sources:

Origins:

  • Duchesne: Duchesne collection volume CXIV[8]
  • 'Ohix: Contracts retained by Ohix, Notary of Soule[9]
  • Luntz:[10]
  • Military: Military Inspection of Béarn[11]
  • Languedoc: Confessions of Languedoc[12])
  • Reformation: Reformation of Béarn[13]
  • Arthez-Lasalle: Titles of Arthez-Lassalle[14]

History[edit]

Paul Raymond noted on page 11 of his 1863 dictionary that Aroue was one of the seven districts of Soule and depended on the messagerie of Barhoue. There was a Lay Abbey at Ithorots, vassal of the Viscounts of Soule. The fief of Olhaïby was a vassal of the Viscounts of Soule and its owner was one of ten potestats of Soule.[4]

The commune had a "Temple of Reason" during the French Revolution, undoubtedly because the in the béarnais region, Aroue was the only basque commune to adopt the Jacobin anti-religion policy.

Between 1790 and 1794 Ithorots commune was merged[15] with Olhaïby to form the new commune of Ithorots-Olhaïby. On 1 August 1973 (by prefectural order of 20 July 1973), the commune of Aroue merged with Ithorots-Olhaïby to form the new commune of Aroue-Ithorots-Olhaïby.

Administration[edit]

List of Successive Mayors[16]

From To Name Party Position
1953 2001 Franz Duboscq
2001 2008 Marcel Gégu
2008 2014 Jean-Pascal Barneix
2014 2020 Jean-Pierre Barneix

(Not all data is known)

Inter-communality[edit]

The commune is part of eight inter-communal structures:

  • the Community of communes of Amikuze;
  • the AEP association of Pays de Mixe;
  • the AEP association of Pays de Soule;
  • the educational regrouping association of Arbérats-Sillègue, Arbouet-Sussaute, Aroue, and Etcharry;
  • the Energy association of Pyrénées-Atlantiques;
  • the inter-communal association for the functioning of schools in Amikuze;
  • the joint forestry association for oaks in the Basque and béarnais valleys;
  • the association to support Basque culture.

Demography[edit]

In 2009 the commune had 245 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Evolution of the Population (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
464 379 543 509 514 555 535 500 506
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
506 466 393 400 402 368 340 355 352
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
328 345 326 268 277 254 249 270 265
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2009 -
268 223 286 249 254 230 246 245 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)


Population of Aroue-Ithorots-Olhaïby

Economy[edit]

The town is part of the Appellation d'origine contrôlée (AOC) zone of Ossau-iraty.

Culture and Heritage[edit]

Civil heritage[edit]

The village has architecture typical of the eastern Basque Country: gable roofs covered with tiles, whitewashed walls with houses from the 16th century.

As in many Basque villages, the fronton is adjacent to the church.

Religious heritage[edit]

Two churches are registered as historical monuments:

  • The Church of Saint-Étienne at Aroue (12th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[17] is a Romanesque church rebuilt in the 19th century. There is a sculpture from the 12th century of Saint Jacques on a horse and a Spanish image of "Matamoro".
  • The Church of Saint-Samson at Ithorots (19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[18]
  • The Church at Olhaïby has several items that are registered as historical objects:
    • A Retable over the main altar (18th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[19]
    • A Candlestick (17th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[20]
    • An altar cross (18th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[21]
    • A tabernacle at the main altar (18th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[22]
    • A candlestick (18th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[23]
    • Statuettes (18th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[24]
    • A Painting: The Martyrdom of Saints Cyr and Judith (18th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[25]
    • A Tabernacle, Retable, 2 Candlesticks, Statues, Altar Cross, and Painting (18th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[26]
    • A Processional Cross (18th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[27]

Environmental heritage[edit]

The town lies on the GR 65. It is at the beginning of the 7th section of the GR which is listed by UNESCO as World Heritage. The presentation file to UNESCO locates the commune on the Via Podiensis on the Way of St. James. There is no real historical justification for this but it is an important fact for this small town. Justification was found by Dr. Urrutibetehy, the pioneer who traced the paths in the region (it was he who set up the so-called Stele of Gibraltar and made a point of convergence of these paths). He saw in the horseman shown on the lintel of the door of the sacristy, a representation of Saint Jacques Matamoros.

Notable people linked to the commune[edit]

  • Franz Duboscq, born in Saint-Jean-de-Luz in 1924, MP and senator, former president of the council and mayor of the town until 2001.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Géoportail, IGN (French)
  2. ^ a b c d Google Maps
  3. ^ Inhabitants of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  4. ^ a b c d Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, Paul Raymond, Imprimerie nationale, 1863, Digitised from Lyon Public Library 15 June 2011 (French)
  5. ^ Euskaltzaindia - Academy of the Basque language (Basque)
  6. ^ a b Jean-Baptiste Orpustan, New Basque Toponymy, Presses universitaires de Bordeaux, 2006, ISBN 2 86781 396 4 (French)
  7. ^ Cassini Map 1750 – Ithorrots
  8. ^ Duchesne Collection, volumes 99 to 114, containing the papers of Oihenart, former Imperial Librarian - Bibliothèque nationale de France
  9. ^ Manuscripts from the 15th century in the Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  10. ^ Contracts retained by Luntz, Notary of Béarn in the Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  11. ^ Manuscript from 1376 in the Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  12. ^ Confessions of Languedoc in the Archives of the Empire (French)
  13. ^ Manuscript from the 16th to 18th centuries - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  14. ^ Titles of the Arthez-Lassalle family at Tardets (French)
  15. ^ Ithorots-Olhaïby on the Ldh/EHESS/Cassini database (French)
  16. ^ List of Mayors of France (French)
  17. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA64000685 Church of Saint-Étienne (French)
  18. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA64000692 Church of Saint-Samson (French)
  19. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM64000546 Retable (French)
  20. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM64000545 Candlestick (French)
  21. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM64000544 Altar Cross (French)
  22. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM64000543 Tabernacle (French)
  23. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM64000542 Candlestick (French)
  24. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM64000541 Statuettes (French)
  25. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM64000540 Painting: The Martyrdom of Saints Cyr and Judith (French)
  26. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM64000539 Tabernacle, Retable, 2 Candlesticks, Statues, Altar Cross, and Painting (French)
  27. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM64000198 Processional Cross (French)