Arquà Petrarca

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Arquà Petrarca
Comune
Comune di Arquà Petrarca
ArquàBorgo.jpg
The position of Arquà Petrarca within the province of Padua.
The position of Arquà Petrarca within the province of Padua.
Arquà Petrarca is located in Italy
Arquà Petrarca
Arquà Petrarca
Location of Arquà Petrarca in Italy
Coordinates: 45°16′12″N 11°43′06″E / 45.27000°N 11.71833°E / 45.27000; 11.71833Coordinates: 45°16′12″N 11°43′06″E / 45.27000°N 11.71833°E / 45.27000; 11.71833
Country Italy
Region Veneto
Province Padua (PD)
Government
 • Mayor Luca Callegaro
Area
 • Total 12.52 km2 (4.83 sq mi)
Population (2001)
 • Total 1,876
 • Density 150/km2 (390/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 35032
Dialing code 0429
Patron saint Holy Trinity
Saint day The first Sunday after Whitsunday
Website Official website

Arquà Petrarca is a town and municipality (comune) in northeastern Italy, in the Veneto region, in the province of Padua. As of 2007 the estimated population of Arquà Petrarca was 1,835.[1] The town is part of the club The most beautiful villages in Italy, and it has been awarded the Bandiera arancione award for excellence in tourism, hospitality and the environment.

Within the town boundaries lies the Coast Lake (Laghetto della Costa), one of the Prehistoric Pile Dwellings Around the Alps, since 2011 in the UNESCO World Heritage Sites list.

The rear entrance of St. Mary's Church

Petrarch[edit]

Arquà is the place where the poet Petrarch (Francesco Petrarca) lived the final four years of his life (1370–74). In 1870, the town of Arquà added his name to its own. The house where he lived is now a museum dedicated to the poet. The German international literary Petrarca-Preis awards were held in his residence in 1976 and 1977. In 2004, the 700th anniversary of the poet's birth was celebrated here and in nearby Padua.

History[edit]

Human presence in Arquà dates back to the Bronze Age, according to archaeological excavations made between the second half of the 19th century and the first decades of the 20th century. Afterwards, the territory was inhabitated by the Eneti, and then annexed to the X Regio Venetia et Histria during the age of Augustus. The legacy of the Roman domination is still present in toponyms (Bignago derives from Bennius, Mercurana from Mercurius) and archeological evidence, such as grave goods, imperial coins and sewage lines. At the edge of the current city archaeologists found a necropolis attributed to the Euganeans, a population living in the area before the colonization of Rome.[2]

Origin of the name[edit]

The name of Arquà derives from Latin Arquatum or Arquata ("Arched"), which was modified during the period of the Republic of Venice in Arquada and finally Arquà. In 1868, after Veneto was annexed to the Reign of Italy, the name was changed to Arquà Petrarca as an homage to the poet who spent there the last years of his life.

Tourism[edit]

Still today, the town preserves a medieval aspect, and it is set in a picturesque location on the slopes of Monte Ventolone and Monte Castello, within the Euganean Hills. Arquà features two city squares: Piazza Petrarca (Petrarch's square) and Piazza San Marco (St. Mark's square). Near St. Mark's square lies the Vicars' Lodge, a public space built in the 14th century for heads of families to discuss with the Vicar. In 2003, the roof was rebuilt with a structure of glass and copper, after being demolished in 1828. Being it a small village, a complete tour of the main historical sites requires only a few hours.

Petrarch's tomb in Petrarch's square, erected by Francescuolo da Bassano, Petrarch's son-in-law. The structure was modeled after Antenor's grave, located nearby in Padua.[2]

Agriculture is commonly practiced in Arquà: local produce includes olives, extra virgin olive oil, honey, chestnuts, and ziziphus.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The World Gazetteer". Retrieved 2007-02-21. 
  2. ^ a b Montobbio, Luigi - Arquà Petrarca: History and Art, 1998, Edizioni Deganello-Francisci, Padova

External links[edit]