Arques, Aude

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Arques
View of Arques from the castle
View of Arques from the castle
Coat of arms of Arques
Coat of arms
Arques is located in France
Arques
Arques
Coordinates: 42°57′12″N 2°22′33″E / 42.9533°N 2.3758°E / 42.9533; 2.3758Coordinates: 42°57′12″N 2°22′33″E / 42.9533°N 2.3758°E / 42.9533; 2.3758
Country France
Region Languedoc-Roussillon
Department Aude
Arrondissement Limoux
Canton Couiza
Intercommunality Pays de Couiza
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Henri Barbaza
Area
 • Land1 18.53 km2 (7.15 sq mi)
Population (2009)
 • Population2 268
 • Population2 density 14/km2 (37/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 11015 / 11190
Elevation 329–854 m (1,079–2,802 ft)
(avg. 356 m or 1,168 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Arques is a French commune in the Aude department in the Languedoc-Roussillon region of southern France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Arquois or Arquoises[1]

Geography[edit]

Arques is located in the Pyrénées mountains some 25 km south-east of Limoux and 25 km north-east of Quillan. Access to the commune is by the D613 road from Serres in the west passing through the village and continuing to Albières in the east. The D54 goes north from the village to Valmigère. At the commune border the D70 branches from the D54 and follows a tortuous route to Bouisse. The commune is an alpine commune with rugged terrain but with some farms in the valley.[2]

The Rialsesse river flows though the centre of the commune and the village from east to west gathering many tributaries. In the south the Ruisseau de Lait with many tributaries rise in the commune and flow north-west into the Lac d'Arques (Arques Lake) which feeds the Rialsesse.[2]

Neighbouring communes and villages[2][edit]

History[edit]

The area was owned by the Abbey of Lagrasse in the early 11th century, before coming under the control of the Lords of Termes. In 1231 the region was given by Simon de Montfort to Pierre de Voisins after the Albigensian Crusade. His successor, Gilles de Voisins, began the construction of the castle in 1280 and the organization of the Bastide. It was the northern barons who came to occupy the land of the Cathar heretics under the order of Pope Innocent III. The dynasty of Voisins was extinguished in 1518 with the marriage of Françoise with Jean de Joyeuse, a member of the House of Joyeuse who therefore became the owner of the lordship and barony of Arques. Arques castle was abandoned in favour of the Château des Ducs de Joyeuse (Castle of the Dukes of Joyeuse) in Couiza. Lords and barons of Arques-barons were hereditary barons of Languedoc (Pays d'états) and had a permanent seat in the Estates of Languedoc.

Heraldry[edit]

Arms of the Commune of Arques
This design is the interpretation of Henri Sivade

Commune of Arques Blazon:
Vert, Party per fess Argent chapé chaussé of one in the other.[3] [4]



Arms of Hozier
The Armorial of General d'Hozier shows this picture which can be emblazoned as follows:[5]

Blazon:
Party per fess, Vert and Argent, vêtu of one in the other.



Administration[edit]

List of Successive Mayors[6]

From To Name Party Position
2001 Roché Hubert General Counsel of the Canton of Couiza
2001 2014 Henri Barbaza PS

(Not all data is known)

Demography[edit]

In 2009 the commune had 268 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Evolution of the Population (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
460 488 535 506 549 591 600 601 556
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
504 560 539 542 495 520 531 508 507
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
504 516 429 272 326 330 297 284 250
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2009 -
235 210 190 201 210 199 - 268 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)


Population of Arques

Sites and monuments[edit]

Chateau d'Arques Gallery

Notable people linked to the commune[edit]

  • Pierre de Voisins (1177-1233), Lord of Voisins-le-Bretonneux, then Limoux, Arques, Reddes, Caderonne, Couiza, and Bugarach. In 1191 he went on the Third Crusade. In 1209 he took part in the Albigensian Crusade. Lieutenant of Simon de Montfort who entrusted him with several lordships in Carcassonne and Razes after the fall of the Château de Termes. He was Baron of Arques.
  • Anne de Joyeuse (1560/1-1587), Baron of Arques, Viscount then Duke of Joyeuse.
  • Déodat Roché, born on 13 December 1877 at Arques, died on 12 January 1978, historian of Catharism, magistrate, philosopher, anthroposopher, freemason.
  • Victor Boffelli, born on 20 March 1947 at Arques, French rugby player

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Inhabitants of Aude (French)
  2. ^ a b c Google Maps
  3. ^ Charles d'Hozier, Armorial General of Persons, Places, Companies, Corps, and Communities of the department of Aude, Imprimerie François Pomiès, Augustin Cornet-Peyrusse, 1876, Carcassonne, 124 pages, Read online (French)
  4. ^ Arms of the communes of the department of Aude, Departmental Archives of Aude, Henri Sivade, 1996, Carcassonne, 128 pages, ISBN 2-86011-012-7 (French)
  5. ^ Armorial General of France, prepared under the edict of 1696. Vol. 15: Languedoc (Part 2), Charles d'Hozier, Read online (French)
  6. ^ List of Mayors of France (French)
  7. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice PA00102539 Chateau of Arques (French)
  8. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice PA00102540 Forged Iron Cross (French)