Arraiolos (Portuguese pronunciation: [ɐʁɐˈjɔluʃ]) is a municipality in Évora District in Portugal with a total area of 683.0 km² and a total population of 7,389 inhabitants. The small town of Arraiolos has 3,351 inhabitants. The present Mayor is Jerónimo Loios, elected by the Unitarian Democratic Coalition.
The town is famous for its embroidered wool rugs and carpets. Arraiolos rugs have been made since the Middle Ages.
In October 2003, Jorge Sampaio, then the President of Portugal, invited the Presidents of Finland, Germany, as well as of soon-to-be EU members Hungary, Latvia and Poland to Arraiolos in order to discuss the consequences of the 2004 enlargement of the European Union and plans for a Constitution for Europe. Subsequent meetings of non-executive presidents of European Union member states have been dubbed Arraiolos meetings.
Administratively, the municipality is divided into 5 civil parishes (freguesias):
- Gafanhoeira e Sabugueiro
- São Gregório e Santa Justa
View of the countryside from the castle.