Arraute-Charritte

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Arraute-Charritte
The Bakery
The Bakery
Coat of arms of Arraute-Charritte
Coat of arms
Arraute-Charritte is located in France
Arraute-Charritte
Arraute-Charritte
Coordinates: 43°23′59″N 1°06′20″W / 43.3997°N 1.1056°W / 43.3997; -1.1056Coordinates: 43°23′59″N 1°06′20″W / 43.3997°N 1.1056°W / 43.3997; -1.1056
Country France
Region Aquitaine
Department Pyrénées-Atlantiques
Arrondissement Bayonne
Canton Saint-Palais
Intercommunality Amikuze
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2020) Christian Guillemin
Area1 22.81 km2 (8.81 sq mi)
Population (2009)2 365
 • Density 16/km2 (41/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 64051 / 64120
Elevation 8–192 m (26–630 ft)
(avg. 60 m or 200 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Arraute-Charritte (Basque: Arrueta-Sarrikota) is a French commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Aquitaine region of south-western France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Arruetar.[1][2]

Geography[edit]

Arraute-Charritte is located in the former province of Lower Navarre some 40 km east by south-east of Bayonne and 15 km north-west of Saint-Palais. Access to the commune is by the D11 road from Bidache in the north passing through the commune east of the village and continuing to Masparraute in the south. Access to the village is by the D246 from Orègue in the west passing the village then south-west to Masparraute. The D313 also passes down the western border of the commune from the D11 south of Bidache and joins the D246 west of the village. The D310 goes east from the D11 north of the village to Bergouey-Viellenave. There are forests in the north-east and north-west of the commune with a band of patchy forest through the centre. The rest of the commune is farmland.[3]

There is a stop in the commune on bus route 870 from Tardets-Sorholus to Bayonne on the Interurban Network of Pyrénées-Atlantiques.

The Bidouze river forms the north-eastern border of the commune with the Ruisseau de Mandeheguy flowing into it there. Numerous other streams rise all over the commune and flow east to the Bidouze. The Ruiusseau de Bordaberry rises in the north of the commune and flows west to join the Apatharena which forms the western border of the commune and continues north to join the Lihoury. Numerous other streams rise in the commune and flow to the Apatharena.[3]

Places and Hamlets[4][edit]

  • Ameztoya
  • Ansobieta
  • Aphatepe
  • Aphatiague
  • Arraute
  • Ascoundreguy
  • Atchuquia
  • Ayenia
  • Baratchartia
  • Barneto
  • Beigtanborda
  • Bellevue
  • Bellereta
  • Bentaberry
  • Bertranteguia
  • Biscaborda
  • Biscagoitia
  • Biscaya
  • Bissargorry
  • Bordaberry
  • Bordakoborda
  • Bousquets
  • Camoussarria
  • Charritte
  • Charrittounia
  • Chilocoa
  • Costenenia
  • Elhordoy
  • Elizondokoborda
  • Ermit
  • Ermitaborda
  • Etchari
  • Etchebestia
  • Etchemendikoborda
  • Etchemendy
  • Ithurrongarat
  • Fitounia
  • Galharreta
  • Garatia
  • Garaya
  • Goihenech
  • Grachigno
  • Harria
  • Héguia
  • Iratchet
  • Iriatia
  • Iribarnia
  • Jauregia
  • Labenta
  • Larralde-Borda
  • Borde Larralde
  • Larraldia (two places)
  • Laxague (ruins)
  • Mandio
  • Mendiburia
  • Manéchans (ruins)
  • Millafranque
  • Miquelet
  • Olheguy
  • Oquelargainia
  • Othaburia
  • Oxobia
  • Oyhanburia
  • Oyhenart
  • Oyhenartia
  • Patatouch
  • Phagoa
  • Borde dou Rey
  • Saharcet
  • Santacoits
  • Sarrailh
  • Sorhigarat
  • Sorhigaratborda
  • Souquirats
  • Trouilh
  • Urrutia

Neighbouring communes and villages[3][edit]

The entrance to Arraute-Charritte on the D11
The War Memorial
The Church of Saint Pierre
The Pataréna river
The fronton

Toponymy[edit]

The commune name in basque is Arrueta-Sarrikota.[2]

Jean-Baptiste Orpustan[5] indicated that Charrite came from Sarri-ko-(e)ta meaning "place of small bushes". However there is no certainty of the origin of the name Arraute.

The following table details the origins of the commune name and other names in the commune.

Name Spelling Date Source Page Origin Description
Arraute Arraute 1125 Orpustan
79
Village
Sanctus petrus de arraute 1160 Orpustan
79
Arrauta 13th century Raymond
11
Duchesne
Araute 1350 Orpustan
79
Arraute 1413 Orpustan
79
Arrauta 1513 Raymond
11
Pamplona
Arruela 1621 Raymond
11
Biscay
Charritte Sanctus Joannes de Sarricte 1160 Orpustan
79
Village
Sarrite 1316 Orpustan
79
Ssarriette 1381 Orpustan
79
Sarrk oete 1413 Orpustan
79
Sarricoata 1513 Raymond
48
Pamplona
Charrite 1750 Cassini
Charrite 1801 Ldh/EHESS/Cassini Bulletin des Lois
Le Coud Le Coud 1863 Raymond
53
Wood
Éliçaïcine Éliçaïcine 1863 Raymond
58
Fief of the Kingdom of Navarre
Élicetche Élicetche 1863 Raymond
58
Fief of the Kingdom of Navarre
Chemin de l'Ermite Chemin de l'Ermite 1863 Raymond
59
Ithorrondo Yturrondo 1621 Raymond
84
Biscay Farm

Sources:

Origins:

  • Duchesne: Duchesne collection volume CXIV[8]
  • Pamplona: Titles of Pamplona[9]
  • Biscay: Martin Biscay[10]

History[edit]

The commune of Arraute and its village, Charritte-Mixe, were merged on 27 June 1842.[6]

Heraldry[edit]

Arms of Arraute-Charritte
Blazon:

Vert, a lion Argent.[11]



Administration[edit]

List of Successive Mayors[12]

From To Name Party Position
1995 2001 Robert Gratien CEO
2001 2014 Christian Guillemin Driver

(Not all data is known)

Inter-communality[edit]

The commune is part of five inter-communal structures:

  • the AEP association of Pays de Mixe;
  • the educational regrouping association of Amorots-Succos, Arraute-Charritte, Beguios, Masparraute, and Orègue;
  • the Energy association of Pyrénées-Atlantiques;
  • the inter-communal association for the functioning of schools in Amikuze;
  • the association to support Basque culture.

Demography[edit]

In 2009 the commune had 365 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Evolution of the Population (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
536 410 520 695 762 769 737 735 713
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
686 721 720 712 713 731 657 634 612
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
662 664 644 555 535 573 558 506 461
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2009 -
471 444 418 376 365 322 322 365 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)


Population of Arraute-Charritte

Distribution of Age Groups[edit]

Percentage Distribution of Age Groups in Arraute-Charritte and Charente-Maritime Department in 2009

Arraute-Charritte Arraute-Charritte Pyrénées-Atlantiques Pyrénées-Atlantiques
Age Range Men Women Men Women
0 to 14 Years 12.9 18.0 17.4 15.2
15 to 29 Years 13.4 10.9 17.5 15.4
30 to 44 Years 25.2 18.6 20.1 19.0
45 to 59 Years 23.3 19.1 21.3 20.8
60 to 74 Years 18.3 19.7 15.1 16.2
75 to 89 Years 6.9 12.0 8.1 11.9
90 Years+ 0.0 1.6 0.5 1.5

Sources:

Economy[edit]

The town is part of the Appellation d'origine contrôlée (AOC) zone designation of Ossau-iraty.

Budget and Taxation[edit]

  • Dwelling Tax: 9.04% (2003)[13]
  • Property tax: 6.39% (built properties)
  • Business Tax: 7.97%

The local economy is mainly based on agriculture:

Culture and Heritage[edit]

Civil heritage[edit]

The village is typically Basque and has some Maisons à colombages (timbered houses).

Religious heritage[edit]

Church of Saint Pierre
  • The Parish Church of Saint-Pierre in Arraute (19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg is registered as an historical monument.[14]
  • The Funeral Chapel of Samacoitz is also part of the religious heritage.

Environmental heritage[edit]

The Banks of the Bidouze are classified as a Natura 2000 site.[15]

Education[edit]

Amorots-Succos, Masparraute, Orègue, Béguios, and Arraute-Charritte have created together an inter-communal educational grouping (R.P.I. AMOBA[16]).

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Brigitte Jobbé-Duval, Dictionary of place names - Pyrénées-Atlantiques, 2009, Archives and Culture, ISBN 978-2-35077-151-9 (French)
  2. ^ a b Euskaltzaindia - Academy of the Basque language (French)
  3. ^ a b c Google Maps
  4. ^ Géoportail, IGN (French)
  5. ^ a b Jean-Baptiste Orpustan, New Basque Toponymy, Presses universitaires de Bordeaux, 2006, ISBN 2 86781 396 4 (French)
  6. ^ a b Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, Paul Raymond, Imprimerie nationale, 1863, Digitised from Lyon Public Library 15 June 2011 (French)
  7. ^ Cassini Map 1750 – Charrite
  8. ^ Duchesne Collection, volumes 99 to 114, containing the papers of Oihenart, former Imperial Librarian - Bibliothèque nationale de France
  9. ^ Titles published by don José Yanguas y Miranda (Spanish)
  10. ^ Derecho de naturaleza que la merindad de San-Juan-del-pie-del-puerto, una de las seys de Navarra, tiene en Castilla, 1622 (Spanish)
  11. ^ Guy Ascarat (French)
  12. ^ List of Mayors of France (French)
  13. ^ Official website of the General Directorate of Taxation (French)
  14. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA64000686 Parish Church of Saint-Pierre (French)
  15. ^ The Bidouze on Natura 2000 (French)
  16. ^ R.P.I. AMOBA website (French)