Arrecife

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Arrecife
City
Arrecife
Flag of Arrecife
Flag
Coat of arms of Arrecife
Coat of arms
Arrecife is located in Spain, Canary Islands
Arrecife
Arrecife
Location in Spain
Arrecife is located in Canary Islands
Arrecife
Arrecife
Location in Canary Islands
Coordinates: 28°57′45″N 13°33′2″W / 28.96250°N 13.55056°W / 28.96250; -13.55056
Country  Spain
Autonomous Community  Canary Islands
Province Las Palmas
Island Lanzarote
Government
 • Mayor Manuel Fajardo Feo (CC)
Area
 • Total 23 km2 (9 sq mi)
Elevation(AMSL) 20 m (70 ft)
Population (2012)
 • Total 56,284
 • Density 2,400/km2 (6,300/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+0)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (GMT +1) (UTC+1)
Postal code 35500
Area code(s) +34 (Spain) + 928 (Las Palmas)
Website www.arrecife.es

Arrecife (/ˌærəˈsf/; Spanish pronunciation: [areˈθife], locally: [areˈsife]) is a city and municipality in the Canary Islands (Spain) situated in the centre-east of the island of Lanzarote, of which it has been the capital since 1852. The city owes its name to the rock reef ('Arrecife' is Spanish for 'reef') which covers the beach located in the city. The city also gives its name to the island's nearby airport.

The population is 56,284 (2012), its density is 2,235.25/km² and the area is 22.72 km². It is south of Haría, east of Tinajo and northeast of Yaiza. Arrecife is also a port town serving the other islands and also Europe and mainland Africa. Arrecife is served by the LZ1 linking it to the north, LZ2 and LZ3 and is bypassed to the northwest and west. The highway to the southern portion of the island lies to the west. The main industries are agriculture, business and tourism. The Atlantic Ocean is to the east and southeast, the mountains are to the north, the hills lie to the west and farmlands dominate the rest of the municipality. The tallest building in Lanzarote is the Gran Hotel Arrecife, which is located on the front alongside the harbour.

History[edit]

The earliest records of Arrecife date from the fifteenth century when it was a small fishing settlement. The name, given then as Arrecifes, refers to the black volcanic reefs behind which boats could hide, protected from sudden pirate attacks.

Towards the end of the sixteenth century the settlement began to grow in response to a need for accommodation and warehousing to support growing trade between the old and new worlds. The first church was constructed at this time, consecrated to the first bishop of Arrecife, San Ginés. Growing prosperity increased the attractiveness of the town as a pirate target: in 1571 a notorious pirate named Dogan plundered and almost completely destroyed the little port town.

In 1964 Arrecife became the site of Lanzarote's first sea-water desalination plant, which was still operational in 2010.

Historical population[edit]

Year Population Change
2001 45,549 -
2002 48,253 2,704/5.94%
2003 50,785 2,532/5.25%

Communities[edit]

Sites of interest[edit]

Other[edit]

Arrecife has schools, lyceums, a gymnasia, a church, beaches, a port, a post office, parks and a square (plaza), cinemas as well as a few small shopping malls and a shopping-area main street.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

North: Teguise
West: San Bartolomé
Arrecife East: Atlantic Ocean
South: Atlantic Ocean

Coordinates: 28°57′34″N 13°32′51″W / 28.95944°N 13.54750°W / 28.95944; -13.54750