Arrien

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Arrien
Countryside at Arrien
Countryside at Arrien
Arrien is located in France
Arrien
Arrien
Coordinates: 43°18′41″N 0°09′15″W / 43.3114°N 0.1542°W / 43.3114; -0.1542Coordinates: 43°18′41″N 0°09′15″W / 43.3114°N 0.1542°W / 43.3114; -0.1542
Country France
Region Aquitaine
Department Pyrénées-Atlantiques
Arrondissement Pau
Canton Morlaàs
Intercommunality Pays de Morlaàs
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Martine Loustau
Area
 • Land1 4.46 km2 (1.72 sq mi)
Population (2010)
 • Population2 154
 • Population2 density 35/km2 (89/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 64053 / 64420
Elevation 312–389 m (1,024–1,276 ft)
(avg. 374 m or 1,227 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Arrien (Occitan: Arrien) is a French commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Aquitaine region of south-western France.

Geography[edit]

Arrien is located some 18 km east by north-east of Pau and 5 km west of Séron. Access to the commune is by road D42 from Sedzère in the north passing through the heart of the commune east of the village and continuing south to Eslourenties-Daban. The D145 also comes from Baleix in the north and joins the D42 in the commune then continues south-west to Lourenties. Access to the village (Town Hall) is by the Chemin de l'Eglise going west from the D42 and by other local roads. Apart from some patches of forest on the western border the commune is entirely farmland.[1]

The Canne stream forms the southern border of the commune joining the Gabas at the south-western corner which in turn forms most of the western border of the commune flowing north-west then north eventually joining the Adour near Toulouzette. The Poundets stream forms the eastern border of the commune and flows north to join the Petit Lees near Lombia.[1]

Places and Hamlets[2][edit]

  • Canton
  • Cazaux
  • Claria
  • La Croix d'Arrien
  • Fontaine Saint-Jean
  • Peret
  • La Picharotte
  • Poulot
  • Pouygarou
  • Sarthou

Neighbouring communes and villages[1][edit]

Toponymy[edit]

The name Arrien appears in the forms:

  • Arien (1385,[3] Census of Béarn[4]),
  • Rien (1536,[3] Census of Eslourenties[5]),
  • Saint-Jean d'Arien (18th century,[3] Archives of the Empire, K 779, n°12),
  • Arrien on the Cassini Map (end of the 18th century[6]), and
  • Arricu (1793[7]).

Its name in béarnais is Arrien. Michel Grosclaude[6] indicated that the origin of the name is obscure and mentioned the possibility of the name of a former owner Ariee.

History[edit]

Paul Raymond[3] noted that the commune had a Lay Abbey, vassal of the Viscounts of Béarn.

In 1385 Arrien had 5 fires and depended on the bailiwick of Pau. The church depended on the Abbey of Saint-Sigismund at Orthez.

The Saint-Jean fountain is known for its healing powers of varicose ulcers and eye diseases and has attracted many pilgrims since the 12th century.[8]

The commune was part of the Archdeaconry of Vic-Bilh, which depended on the Bishop of Lescar. Lembeye was the chief town.[9]

Administration[edit]

List of Successive Mayors[10]

From To Name Party Position
1923 1929 Dominique Pédedieu
1929 1944 Joseph Canton
1944 1946 Joseph Lahon
1947 1959 Joseph Canton
1959 1983 Pierre Canton
1983 1995 André Cazalis
1995 2001 Jean Canton
2001 2005 Jean Louis Cazalis
2005 2008 Bernard Joan
2008 2014 Martine Loustau

(Not all data is known)

Inter-communality[edit]

The commune is part of four inter-communal structures:[11]

  • the Community of communes of Pays de Morlaàs;
  • the AEP association of Luy and Gabas;
  • the Energy association of Pyrénées-Atlantiques;
  • the inter-communal association for the construction of the Soumoulou rescue centre;

Demography[edit]

In 2010 the commune had 154 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Evolution of the Population (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
209 201 191 231 252 239 265 269 270
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
272 308 281 250 241 235 208 190 193
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
189 218 187 161 180 163 154 135 135
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2010 -
132 125 112 120 138 135 119 154 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)


Population of Arrien

Culture and Heritage[edit]

Civil Heritage[edit]

  • Arrien has a number of houses and farms dating from the 19th century with 10 from before 1871.[12]
  • The Chateau of Arrien (19th century). The original chateau was sold in 1730 and converted to a presbytery. The building was sold by the commune in 1975. It is shown on the Cassini Map as a "chateau".[13]

Religious Heritage[edit]

The Church of Saint John (19th century).[14] It contains registered furniture and objects as follows:

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Google Maps
  2. ^ Géoportail, IGN, consulted on 10 March 2012 (French)
  3. ^ a b c d Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, Paul Raymond, Imprimerie nationale, 1863, Digitised from Lyon Public Library 15 June 2011, p. 12 (French)
  4. ^ Manuscript from the 14th century - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  5. ^ Census of Eslourenties, B. 807, f° 17 (French)
  6. ^ a b Michel Grosclaude, Toponymic Dictionary of communes, Béarn, Edicions reclams & Édition Cairn - 2006, 416 pages, ISBN 2 35068 005 3 (French)
  7. ^ Communal Notice for Arriens on the Cassini website (French)
  8. ^ Brigitte Jobbé-Duval, Dictionary of place names - Pyrénées-Atlantiques, 2009, Archives and Culture, ISBN 978-2-35077-151-9 (French)
  9. ^ Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, Paul Raymond, Imprimerie nationale, 1863, Digitised from Lyon Public Library 15 June 2011, p. 174 (French)
  10. ^ List of Mayors of France (French)
  11. ^ Intercommunality of Pyrénées-Atlantiques, Cellule informatique préfecture 64, consulted on 9 March 2012 (French)
  12. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IA00026893 HOuses and Farms (French)
  13. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IA00026895 Chateau of Arrien (French)
  14. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IA00026894 Church of St. John the Baptist (French)
  15. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IM64000477 Monstrance (French)
  16. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IM64000476 Processional cross (French)
  17. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IM64000475 Processional banner (French)