|Headquarters||Sunderland, United Kingdom|
|Key people||Richard Broadbent
|Revenue||£3,147.8 million (2009)|
|Operating income||£165.5 million (2009)|
|Net income||£119.2 million (2009)|
|Owner(s)||Federal Republic of Germany (100% share))|
|Employees||circa 44,000 (2010)|
Arriva is a multinational public transport company headquartered in Sunderland, United Kingdom and a wholly owned subsidiary of Deutsche Bahn. It has bus, coach, train, tram and waterbus operations in 12 countries across Europe, employs more than 47,500 people and services over 1.5 billion passenger journeys each year.
The company was founded by TSK Cowie in Sunderland in 1938 as a second hand motorcycle dealer trading as T Cowie Limited. In 1948 the business was re-launched by Tom Cowie, the founder's son, still selling motorcycles. T Cowie plc was floated in December 1964 and in 1965 purchased the first of many car dealerships.
In 1972 it formed Cowie Contract Hire which became the largest contract hire business in the United Kingdom. In 1980 T Cowie made its first bus foray, purchasing the Grey-Green operation in London from the George Ewer Group.
In 1984 T Cowie plc acquired the Hanger Group which included Interleasing, a large vehicle leasing business. Further leasing companies acquired were Marley Leasing, RoyScott Drive and Ringway Leasing.
Cowie plc bought United Automobile Services and British Bus Group in July and August 1996, both had acquired a number of privatised bus companies. Cowie Group would go on to purchase a number of bus operations across the United Kingdom in the next few years.
In November 1997 the company was rebranded as Arriva plc. In that year it also bought Unibus in Denmark, its first venture outside the United Kingdom. Arriva has since expanded rapidly into Europe.
In June 1999 Arriva sold its vehicle hire business to General Motors. In February 2000 Arriva entered the UK rail market with its purchase of MTL Holdings which included the Merseyrail Electrics and Northern Spirit franchises. In 2002 Arriva sold its motor retailing business and in 2006 it sold its vehicle rental business to Northgate.
In 2010 it was reported that the government owned railway companies of France (SNCF) and Germany (Deutsche Bahn) were considering making takeover bids for the business. SNCF subsidiary Keolis and Arriva entered discussions regarding a merger, however in April 2010 it was announced that Deutsche Bahn was to make a takeover offer for Arriva at 775 pence a share (£1.5 billion). The takeover was approved by the European Commission in August 2010, conditional on Deutsche Bahn disposing of some Arriva services in Germany. The takeover took effect on 27 August 2010. Arriva plc was delisted from the London Stock Exchange on 31 August 2010.
Current operations 
Czech Republic 
Bus & Coach 
In December 2006 Arriva entered the Czech Republic bus market with the acquisition of Transcentrum Bus s.r.o, a leading company operating bus services in Mladá Boleslav District of Central Bohemian Region, north east of Prague.
In January 2007 Arriva acquired Bosák Bus s.r.o, which operates to the south west of Prague and Příbram District of Central Bohemian Region, strengthening their position in the Czech Republic bus market.
Arriva operates 250 buses and employs 400 people in the Czech Republic.
The company ARRIVA vlaky s. r. o. bought ten two-car diesel units and announced accelerated train operation at the line Benešov u Prahy – Praha – Kralupy nad Vltavou since 9 December 2012 or January 2013.
In 1997 Arriva entered the Danish bus transport market, acquiring Unibus. In 1999 Arriva Denmark expanded with the acquisition of Bus Danmark In 2001 Arriva acquired Denmark's largest bus operator, Combus. In 2004 it went on to buy Wulff which operates buses in Jutland and Copenhagen, thus becoming the biggest operator in Copenhagen, with a 40% market share. In 2007 Arriva acquired Veolia Scandinavia, then Denmark's second largest bus operator. In 2009 Arriva commenced operating a unique electric bus system in the centre of Copenhagen. Arriva currently holds approximately 50% market share in Copenhagen's bus services. This market share is mirrored throughout Denmark.
Denmark's rail services were opened up to private operators in 2000, and in 2003 Arriva was the first private company to win passenger rail franchises, running services in mid and north Jutland on eight-year concessions. In 2009 Arriva retained the franchise for a further eight years commencing 2010. Arriva operates around 15% of the Danish rail network, and has attained record levels of customer satisfaction.
Arriva operates three waterbuses in Copenhagen's harbour area.
Arriva Denmark operates 1,450 buses, 44 trainsets, 3 waterbuses and employs 4,300 people.
Arriva acquired 80% of Interbus Invest, the holding company of Eurobus Invest, Hungary's largest private bus operator which operates bus services in Hungary and Slovakia.
Bus & Coach 
In 2002 Arriva acquired SAB Autoservizi and SAF - Società Autoservizi Friuli-Venezia Giuliaand entered the Italian market, operating in the Lombardy, Liguria and Friuli-Venezia Giulia regions of northern Italy.
In 2004 Arriva expanded into the Udine area of the Friuli-Venezia Giulia region with the acquisition of 60 per cent of SAF.
In 2005 Arriva began operating SADEM in the Piemonte and Valle d'Aosta regions of northern Italy, near Turin. They run public transport bus services as well as commercial, contract and private hire services.
In 2007 Arriva entered a joint venture with Ferrovie Nord Milano (FNM SpA) and completed the acquisition of 49 per cent of Italian bus operator SPT Linea, which was then renamed ASF Autolinee.
In 2008 they took control of SAIA Transporti.
In March 2012 Arriva has expressed interest in buying ATAF Florence, the leading public urban transport of Tuscany, offering for sale to Council's decision of the regional capital. Arriva finally lost the bid against Ferrovie dello Stato Italiane.
Together with local partners The Tumas Group, Arriva hold a ten year concession to operate all scheduled bus services on Malta and Gozo. Public services commenced on 3 July 2011. The main fleet of Arriva Malta is formed of 172 brand new King Long buses built in China. These are supported on high density routes by a smaller fleet of Mercedes-Benz O530G Citaro bendy-buses formerly operated by Arriva London. A small fleet of ten hybrid Optare Solos has also been ordered, which are slowly entering service. Two Blue Bird mini-buses for use in the city of Valletta have also been delivered. All Arriva buses feature Euro V engines.
Arriva has been harshly criticized both by commuters and the government agency Transport Malta for consistently failing to keep up standards. On 14 November 2012, Arriva was harshly reprimanded by Transport Malta and given till the end of the month to bring up all its routes to 100% efficiency before TM deploys its own shuttles at Arriva's expense.
- See also Public transport in the Netherlands.
Bus & Coach 
Arriva moved into the Dutch market in 1998 when it bought Vancom Nederland and Veonn & Hanze. In 2002 it won tenders in Gelderland and in 2003 won further work in the City of Groningen, Province of Groningen and Drenthe. It won further contracts in 2005 in Drenthe and Waterland and later in the Drechtsteden, Alblasserwaard, Rivierenland, Meierij, Oost-Brabant, and Vijfheerenlanden (DAV) area. In 2009, Arriva lost the contracts in Drenthe and Groningen but won the 2010 contract of the Achterhoek and rewon the contract of Rivierenland. From December 2012 Arriva won the contract for Zuid Holland North, around Leiden, The Hague and Zoetermeer.
|Zuid Holland Noord||09-12-2012||12-12-2020|
Arriva established a joint venture with NS in 1999. It took complete control of this business in 2003. In 2005 it secured a contract to operate trains from Groningen to Leeuwarden, Delfzijl, Roodeschool and Nieuweschans. It also secured a contract to operate trains from Leeuwarden to Harlingen Haven and to Stavoren. Later that year it secured a contract to operate trains from Dordrecht to Gorinchem and on to Geldermalsen (MerwedeLingelijn). From 2012, Arriva operates the trains in the Achterhoek. The trade name of these services is Spurt.
Passes and tickets issued under the National Tariff System are valid on Arriva trains.
Arriva formed a joint venture with PCC Rail, Arriva PCC Sp. z o.o., in December 2006. In December 2007 Poland became the 10th country in which Arriva operates transport services. The company won a tender to serve passenger rail traffic on some non-electrified lines in the Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship.
Bus & Coach 
In 2000 Arriva entered the Portuguese bus market, acquiring João Carlos Soares e Filhos, Viacao Costa & Lino Lda, Ami-Transportes and Abílio da Costa Moreira & C Lda who were running inter-urban local bus services in the north west of Portugal.
In 2002 Arriva acquired Transportes Sul do Tejo, a scheduled bus and coach operator in the growing commuter region south of Lisbon, an area of some 600 square miles (1,600 km2). They also operate schools and works contracts here.
In 1999 Arriva entered the Spanish bus market in Galicia acquiring Mercancia Ideal Gallego and Transportes Finisterre. Their services cover three of the four provinces in the region - A Coruña, Lugo and Ourense - including part of the famous Santiago pilgrimage route. They are now focusing on working with the metropolitan transport authorities to develop their operations in A Coruña and Ferrol.
In 2002 Arriva began bus service operations in Majorca. Their Autocares Mallorca and Bus Nord operations cover the northern and western parts of the island, linking the capital Palma with towns such as Soller, Inca and Alcúdia.
In 2008 Arriva bought Empresa de Blas y Cia, another bus operator., which operates routes between Madrid and its southwestern suburbs (Alcorcón, Mostoles, Villaviciosa de Odon...), and between these very suburbs. Buses in these towns are called "Blasas" after the name of the company.
Arriva has operated bus lines in southern Sweden/The Skåne Region since 1997 when it acquired Unibus of Denmark.
Arriva operates bus lines in some municipalities of Stockholms län: Sigtuna kommun, Upplands Väsby kommun and Ekerö kommun. And from mid-2012 they will also operate in the Bromma, Täby and Solna parts of Stockholm.
Arriva also operates in the Halland Region since 2010, partly taking over services from Swebus.
United Kingdom 
Bus & Coach 
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Arriva Buses GB|
- Arriva Buses Wales (Arriva Cymru Limited) - separated from Arriva North West and Wales in January 2009
- Arriva London - consisting of Arriva London North Limited and Arriva London South Limited
- Arriva Midlands - consisting of Arriva Derby, Arriva Fox County, Arriva Midlands North, Wardle Transport, Stevensons of Uttoxeter Limited and City Linx (Tamworth)
- Arriva North East - consisting of Arriva Teesside Limited, Arriva Tees & District Limited, Arriva Durham County Limited & Arriva Northumbria Limited
- Arriva North West - consisting of Arriva Merseyside Limited and Arriva North West Limited
- Arriva Shires & Essex - consisting of Arriva East Herts & Essex, Arriva The Shires and Arriva Milton Keynes
- Arriva Southern Counties - consisting of Arriva Guildford & West Surrey, Arriva Kent & Sussex, Arriva Kent Thameside, Arriva Maidstone, Arriva Medway Towns, Arriva Southend and New Enterprise Coaches
- Arriva Yorkshire - All five Yorkshire based depots now operate under Arrive Yorkshire LTD
- Centrebus Holdings - 40% shareholding, trading as K-Line and The Huddersfield Bus Company
- Green Line - operates express coach services between London and the Home Counties
- Tellings-Golden Miller - including Classic Coaches, Flight Delay Services, Network Colchester, Network Harlow, Network Stansted and OFJ Connections.
- The Original Tour
- The Heritage Fleet
Arriva bus tickets are sold on buses, at their ticket offices and also online. Arriva joined the Ice loyalty scheme in 2011 due to the environmental credentials and shared sustainability ethos of the two businesses.
Arriva has operated a number of rail franchises in the UK since privatisation in 1996 though its subsidiary, Arriva UK Trains. It gained its first franchises in February 2000, though both these have now been lost. Arriva UK Trains currently runs a number of train operating companies:
- Arriva Trains Wales/Trenau Arriva Cymru operates the majority of rail services in Wales. The Wales & Borders franchise runs from 7 December 2003 until 13 October 2018, subject to Welsh Government reviews every five years.
- CrossCountry operates long-distance cross-country routes. The New Cross Country franchise runs from 11 November 2007 until 31 March 2016.
- London & North Western Railway operates train maintenance depots at Bristol, Cambridge, Crewe, Eastleigh and Newcastle.
- Following the purchase of Arriva by Deutsche Bahn in August 2010, Arriva UK Trains expanded to take over Deutsche Bahn's existing DB Regio UK division which consisted of
- Grand Central open access operator operating services on the East Coast Main Line purchased in November 2011
Arriva UK Trains wishes to expand the number of UK Rail businesses it operates by developing open access operations and successfully bidding for further Department for Transport rail franchises. Alliance Rail Holdings continues to develop new open access proposals following the rejection of their initial plans by the Office of Rail Regulation in 2011.
During 2011/12 Arriva's applications to bid for the InterCity West Coast, Greater Anglia, Essex Thameside and Thameslink franchises were all rejected by the Department for Transport. Following this run of failure Arriva was publicly critical of the government's prequalification process and called for it to be abolished. However Arriva has been shortlisted to bid for the new Great Western franchise.
Former operations 
As part of the takeover of Arriva by Deutsche Bahn, Arriva's German railway operations were sold to Ferrovie dello Stato to comply with a European Commission condition. These are now branded as Netinera.
United Kingdom 
- Arriva Trains Merseyside ran urban rail services on Merseyside from February 2000 until March 2003
- Arriva Trains Northern ran local rail services in Northern England from February 2000 until December 2004
- Wrexham & Shropshire joint venture open access operation (50% shareholding). Ran services between Wrexham and London, ceased January 2011
In the main, for bus and rail operations, Arriva uses a uniform corporate livery. The livery features an aquamarine base colour (Pantone 321) with a Cotswold Stone coloured semicircle on the upper front section, outlined by a white stripe. A thin yellow stripe runs around the base of the vehicle, and the same yellow is used for any lettering on the vehicle, although some vehicles have lettering in the same light green as their logo.
Various route branding schemes see the liberal application of basic colours and wording to some routes, usually through the application of vinyl stickers.
Initially to comply with Transport for London's requirements that buses be 80% red, Arriva London adapted its standard livery with red in lieu of aquamarine, with extra red at the front to form "horns" instead of a full circle. Latterly, London vehicles have been painted all-over red to comply with Transport for London's new requirements.
Exceptions to standard livery include:
- Arriva London - red livery
- Arriva Shires & Essex - red livery for its Transport for London routes
- Arriva Southern Counties - red livery for its Transport for London routes
- Chiltern Railways - existing white and blue livery retained
- CrossCountry - existing Virgin CrossCountry livery modified
- Grand Central - existing black and orange livery retained
- Green Line Coaches
- London Overground Rail Operations - livery specified by Transport for London
- New Enterprise Coaches - white with red logos
- The Original Tour - red with cream front
- Tellings-Golden Miller and all of its subsidiaries
- Driver training vehicles - white with deep grey skirt
In late 2009 a decision was made in the United Kingdom to adopt the Interurban livery as standard livery for buses, after a long period of confusion, with both repaints and new deliveries going into both liveries. A repaint programme has now started for all buses in the fleet. Continental European operations continue to carry the previous colour scheme.
See also 
- Arriva plc Preliminary Results 2009 Arriva plc 3 March 2010
- Arriva Home Page Arriva
- Companies House extract company no 347103 Arriva plc
- "Sharing the Journey Arriva Corporate brochure 2011" (Press release). Arriva plc. 2011. Retrieved 17 August 2011.
- Arriva History and growth Arriva
- Background Sir Tom Cowie
- Sir Tom Cowie Founder of a Transport Empire The Independent 1 February 2012
- How Arriva arrived in the Capital Focus Transport February 2012
- The Arriva London Story Arriva London 2012
- Cowie Group plc and British Bus Group Limited: A report on the merger situation Competition Commission 1997
- Principal bus operating subsidiaries of British Bus Competition Commission 1997
- GM unit buys Arriva car hire in £513m deal The Independent 12 June 1999
- Recommended Cash Offer for MTL Services Arriva plc 18 February 2000
- EU move prompts Arriva to sell car dealerships The Independent 15 October 2002
- Arriva sells off car rental arm The Telegraph 31 January 2006
- Ben Harrington (24 March 2010). "FTSE flat but Arriva perks up on talk French backing to bid". Daily Telegraph (London). Archived from the original on 28 March 2010. Retrieved 24 March 2010.
- Nick Fletcher (24 March 2010). "Arriva moves ahead on bid battle hopes". The Guardian (London). Archived from the original on 27 March 2010. Retrieved 24 March 2010.
- Statement re Keolis SA Arriva plc 5 March 2010
- Arriva plc (“Arriva”) - Response to Press Reports Regarding Deutsche Bahn AG (“Deutsche Bahn”) 19/4/2010 , Arriva plc
- "Deutsche Bahn buys Arriva for £1.5bn". Financial Times. 22 April 2010. Archived from the original on 25 April 2010. Retrieved 22 April 2010.
- "Railway Gazette: EC approves DB’s takeover of Arriva". Retrieved 2010-08-19.
- Scheme of Arrangement becomes effective Arriva plc 27 August 2010
- Delisting of Arriva plc Shares Arriva plc 31 August 2010
- Arriva acquires open access operator Grand Central Railway Arriva 4 November 2011
- Arriva exits Scotland with Sale to McGill's busandcoach.com 14 December 2011
- Bus firm McGill's to take over rivals Arriva BBC News 13 December 2011
- Arriva Czech Republic
- Arriva testuje své spěšné vlaky pro linku Benešov - Kralupy, iDnes.cz, 2012-11-09
- Arriva Denmark
- Arriva Italy
- "ASF Autolinee - Azienda - Storia" [ASF Bus - Company - History] (in Italian). ASF Autolinee. Retrieved 2012-10-22.
- Times of Malta http://www.timesofmalta.com/articles/view/20121118/local/Arriva-is-given-a-harsh-warning.445743
|url=missing title (help). Retrieved 18 November 2012.
- Arriva Timeline
- Arriva Netherlands
- "Freightliner prepares to compete in Poland". Railway Gazette International. March 2007.
- Rolf Andersson (October 2007). "Skåne springboard as Arriva expands". Railway Gazette International.
- Arriva Portugal
- Arriva Spain
- Arriva Sweden
- Plan för SLs upphandling av buss- och spårtrafik 2009-2012
- Arriva gears up for start of services in Stockholm Arriva Sweden 10 August 2012
- Arriva vinner trafik i Halland
- SRA Announces Preferred Bidder for New Integrated Wales Franchise Strategic Rail Authority 1 August 2003
- Arriva welcomes new CrossCountry rail franchise award Arriva plc 10 July 2007
- Welcome to LNWR London & North Western Railway
- Rail Professional interview: Bob Holland Rail Professional October 2011
- Alliance Rail Holdings Restates its Position on New Rail Services for the West Coast Main Line Alliance Rail Holdings 4 May 2012
- Bidders to oversee improvements on rail franchises announced Department for Transport 29 March 2012
- Commission clears proposed acquisition of Arriva by Deutsche Bahn, subject to conditions Europa 11 August 2010
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Arriva|