Arrosès

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Arrosès
Arrosès is located in France
Arrosès
Arrosès
Coordinates: 43°32′32″N 0°06′37″W / 43.5422°N 0.1103°W / 43.5422; -0.1103Coordinates: 43°32′32″N 0°06′37″W / 43.5422°N 0.1103°W / 43.5422; -0.1103
Country France
Region Aquitaine
Department Pyrénées-Atlantiques
Arrondissement Pau
Canton Lembeye
Intercommunality Canton de Lembeye en Vic-Bilh
Government
 • Mayor (2014–2020) Michel Cantounet
Area
 • Land1 9.64 km2 (3.72 sq mi)
Population (2010)
 • Population2 148
 • Population2 density 15/km2 (40/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 64056 / 64350
Elevation 129–265 m (423–869 ft)
(avg. 226 m or 741 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Arrosès is a French commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Aquitaine region of south-western France.

Geography[edit]

Arrosès is located some 50 km south-east of Hagetmau and some 5 km west of Madiran with the eastern border of the commune being the border between Pyrénées-Atlantiques and Hautes-Pyrénées departments. Access to the commune is by the D219 road from Aurions-Idernes in the west passing through the commune north of the village then continuing east to Madiran as the D66. The D292 comes from Aubous in the north passing through the commune and the village and continuing south to join the D139 south of Crouseilles. The commune is mostly farmland with patches of forest scattered throughout.[1]

The commune is located in the Drainage basin of the Adour with several streams rising in the commune and flowing east to join the Saget which flows north to join the Adour near Saint-Mont and forming most of the eastern border of the commune. The Larcis forms most of the western border of the commune as it flows north to join the Lees.[1]

Places and Hamlets[2][edit]

  • Auvian
  • Baradat[3]
  • Barbau
  • Baylou
  • Bigarat
  • Bouézou[4]
  • Bousigué
  • Bouziquet
  • Cantounet
  • Couet
  • Crecq
  • Ducos
  • Duliès
  • Flandres[5]
  • Grange
  • Haget
  • Hourat
  • Jouet
  • Lasgrabes
  • Laudique
  • Lavielle
  • Mombet[6]
  • Mondain
  • La Mothe[3]
  • Paris
  • Peyret
  • Raguet
  • Regard
  • Ribès
  • Sassié
  • Tapounet
  • Tillet

Neighbouring communes and villages[1][edit]

Toponymy[edit]

The commune name in béarnais is Arrosés.

Michel Grosclaude proposed as its etymology the anthroponym Arrosés which was very common in the Pyrenees and the Iberian peninsula and well attested in the Middle Ages.[7]

The following table details the origins of the commune name and other names in the commune.

Name Spelling Date Source Page Origin Description
Arrosès Aroses 1385 Raymond
13
Census Village
Arozee 14th century Raymond
13
Census
Arosser 14th century Raymond
13
Census
Arozer 14th century Raymond
13
Census
Arroser 1402 Raymond
13
Census
Rosees 1472 Raymond
13
Affièvement
Arrosers 1487 Raymond
13
Establishments
Rosses 1538 Raymond
13
Reformation
Arrosees 1538 Raymond
13
Reformation
Arrozes 1546 Raymond
13
Reformation
Rosez 1675 Raymond
13
Reformation
Arrouzès 1686 Raymond
13
Reformation
Rosés 1750 Cassini
Arroses 1793 Ldh/EHESS/Cassini
Arblé Arblé 1863 Raymond
9
Moor
Baradat Baradat 1863 Raymond
20
Farm
La Barthe La Barthe 1863 Raymond
22
Moor
Chaudelet Chaudelet 1863 Raymond
49
Farm
Crestia Crestiàa 1863 Raymond
53
Place
Espiau Espiau 1863 Raymond
61
Place
Les Garbères Les Garbères 1863 Raymond
67
Farm
Le Gog Le Gog 1863 Raymond
72
Farm
Les Grabes Les Grabes 1863 Raymond
73
Farm
Lamothe Lamothe 1863 Raymond
91
Mill
Larbareng Larbareng 1863 Raymond
94
Place
Lorthe Lorthe 1863 Raymond
104
Place
Mané Mané 1863 Raymond
108
Farm
La Mothe La Mota d'Arroses 1538 Raymond
118
Reformation Fief, vassal of the Viscounts of Béarn
La Motte 1863 Raymond
118
Peirolis Peirolis 1863 Raymond
133
Farm
La Salle Lasalle 1776 Raymond
154
Terrier Farm
Sinsoos Sinsoos 1863 Raymond
161
Farm

Sources:

Origins:

  • Census: Census of Béarn[9]
  • Affièvement: Titles of affièvement of Arrosès
  • Establishments: Register of Establishments of Béarn[10]
  • Reformation: Reformation of Béarn[11]
  • Terrier: Terrier of Arrosès.[12]

History[edit]

Paul Raymond noted on page 13 of his 1863 dictionary that in 1385, Arrosès had 31 fires and depended on the bailiwick of Lembeye. There was a Tithe in Arrosès parish called Sainte-Rose.[3]

Administration[edit]

List of Successive Mayors[13]

From To Name Party Position
1995 2001 Francis Cazenave
2001 2008 Gérard Saint-Martin
2008 2014 Christian Labat
2014 2020 Michel Cantounet

(Not all data is known)

Inter-communality[edit]

The commune is part of five inter-communal structures:

  • the Community of communes of the Canton of Lembeye in Vib-Bihl;
  • the highways SIVU of the Canton of Lembeye
  • the AEP association of Crouseilles;
  • the SIVU for educational regrouping in Aurions-idernes, Arrosès, Séméacq-Blachon, and Moncaup;
  • the Energy association of Pyrénées-Atlantiques;

Demography[edit]

In 2010 the commune had 148 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Evolution of the Population (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
466 358 454 463 517 554 645 679 621
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
597 515 504 492 486 462 478 414 415
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
403 332 310 259 267 223 216 198 183
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2010 -
187 203 178 159 145 141 149 148 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)


Population of Arrosès

Economy[edit]

The town is part of the Appellation d'origine contrôlée (AOC) zones of Madiran, Pacherenc-du-vic-bilh, and Béarn AOC.

Culture and Heritage[edit]

Civil heritage[edit]

A number of structures have been identified as historical monuments. These are:

  • Of 50 Houses and Farms[15] surveyed by the Ministry of Culture, 25 were built prior to 1871.
  • The Chateau of Sauvernéa[6] at a place called Mombet is a notable house built in the 18th century. Other objects at Mombet are:
    • A Tombstone dated 1762.[16]
    • A sideboard (18th century)[17]
    • A weathervane (18th century)[18]
  • A Farm at a place called Flandres from 1746.[5]

A Hilarri[4] located at a house in the Bouézou area dates to the 17th century. It came from the old church which is now destroyed.[19]

Religious heritage[edit]

The Church of Our Lady of the Assumption[20] partially dates to the 12th century. It contains many items which have been registered. These are:

  • Front of the Altar (19th century)[21]
  • Processional Cross (17th or 18th century)[22]
  • Stations of the Cross (19th century)[23]
  • Altar candlestick (19th century)[24]
  • Processional Banner (19th century)[25]
  • Lectern (18th century)[26]
  • Pulpit (18th century)[27]
  • Tenebrae candlestick (18th century (?))[28]
  • Stoup (2) (12th or 13th century)[29]
  • Stoup (1) (15th or 16th century)[30]
  • Baptismal font (12th and 17th centuries)[31]
  • Confessional (18th century)[32]
  • Statue: Saint Rose (18th century)[33]
  • Retable of Saint Rose (18th century)[34]
  • Altar, 2 altar steps, tabernacle, Retable, Painting (18th-19th centuries)[35]
  • Altar Cross (19th century)[36]
  • Painting: Assumption (18th century)[37]
  • 4 Statues (18th century)[38]
  • Retable (18th century)[39]
  • 6 Statues (18th century (?))[40]
  • Tabernacle, exhibit (18th century (?))[41]
  • Altar (18th century)[42]
  • Ensemble of the Virgin (18th-19th centuries)[43]
  • Panelling on the surfaces (18th century)[44]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Google Maps
  2. ^ Géoportail, IGN (French)
  3. ^ a b c d Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, Paul Raymond, Imprimerie nationale, 1863, Digitised from Lyon Public Library 15 June 2011 (French)
  4. ^ a b French Ministry of Culture Notice IM64002128 Hilarri (French)
  5. ^ a b French Ministry of Culture Notice IA00026449 Farm (French)
  6. ^ a b French Ministry of Culture Notice IA00026446 Chateau of Sauvernéa (French)
  7. ^ a b Michel Grosclaude, Toponymic Dictionary of communes, Béarn, Edicions reclams & Édition Cairn - 2006, 416 pages, ISBN 2-35068-005-3 (French)
  8. ^ Cassini Map 1750 – Arrosès
  9. ^ Manuscript from the 14th century - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  10. ^ Manuscripts from the 15th and 16th centuries in the Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  11. ^ Manuscript from the 16th to 18th centuries - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  12. ^ Manuscript from the 18th century in the Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  13. ^ List of Mayors of France (French)
  14. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IA00026447 Fortified Complex (French)
  15. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IA00026448 Houses and farms (French)
  16. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IA00027295 Tombstone (French)
  17. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IM64002130 Sideboard (French)
  18. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IM64002129 Weathervane (French)
  19. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IA00027534 Parish Church (French)
  20. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IA00026445 Church of Our lady of the Assumption (French)
  21. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IM64002127 Front of the Altar (French)
  22. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IM64002126 Processional Cross (French)
  23. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IM64002125 Stations of the Cross (French)
  24. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IM64002124 Altar candlestick (French)
  25. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IM64002123 Processional Banner (French)
  26. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IM64002122 Lectern (French)
  27. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IM64002121 Pulpit (French)
  28. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IM64002120 Tenebrae Candlestick (French)
  29. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IM64002119 Stoup (2) (French)
  30. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IM64002118 Stoup (1) (French)
  31. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IM64002117 Baptismal Font (French)
  32. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IM64002116 Confessional (French)
  33. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IM64002115 Statue: Saint Rose (French)
  34. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IM64002114 Retable of Saint Rose (French)
  35. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IM64002113 Altar, 2 altar steps, tabernacle, Retable, Painting (French)
  36. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IM64002112 Altar Cross (French)
  37. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IM64002111 Painting: Assumption (French)
  38. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IM64002110 4 Statues (French)
  39. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IM64002109 Retable (French)
  40. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IM64002108 6 Statues (French)
  41. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IM64002107 Tabernacle, exhibit (French)
  42. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IM64002106 Altar (French)
  43. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IM64002105 Ensemble of the Virgin (French)
  44. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IM64002104 Panelling (French)