|Intercommunality||Pays de May|
|• Mayor (2008–2014)||Georges Bordenave|
|• Land1||13.47 km2 (5.20 sq mi)|
|• Population2 density||59/km2 (150/sq mi)|
|INSEE/Postal code||64054 / 64800|
|Elevation||230–421 m (755–1,381 ft)
(avg. 236 m or 774 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
The inhabitants of the commune are known as Arrosiens or Arrosiennes
- 1 Geography
- 2 Toponymy
- 3 History
- 4 Administration
- 5 Demography
- 6 Economy
- 7 Culture and Heritage
- 8 Education
- 9 See also
- 10 Notes and references
Arros-de-Nay is part of the urban area of Pau located in the heart of a valley between wooded hills and the Gave de Pau some 13 km south-east of Pau immediately east of Nay. The commune has been administered by the department of Pyrénées-Atlantiques since 1969 (formerly it had been in the Department of Basses-Pyrénées since 1793). The commune has about 300 houses. The altitude varies from 230 metres to 421 metres, with 243 metres in the village centre. This is one of the largest communal areas of the region with areas of plains and hilly areas with a livable areas in the north and in the hamlets.
Access to the commune is by road D37 from Saint-Abit in the north passing through the village and the northern corner of the commune continuing to Bourdettes in the south. The D936 goes west from the village then south-west to Rébénacq. The D288 road goes south from the village through the length of the commune to join the D287 north of Lys. The D388 branches from the D288 and goes south-west by a different route to join the D288 again south-west of the commune. The D287 goes south-west from Nay passing along the south-eastern border of the commune and continuing south-west to Sévignacq-Meyracq.
The commune is located in the Drainage basin of the Adour with the Luz flowing from the south through the length of the commune collecting many tributaries and continuing north to join the Gave de Pau near Narcastet. The Escourre flows north through the northern corner of the commune and the north-eastern tip of the commune touches the Gave de Pau.
- Allemand (hill)
- La Bernadie
- Bois de Bié (forest)
- La Châtaigneraie (two places)
- Grange Clédou
- Bois de Lauga (forest)
- Lème Carraze
- Lème Monlucou
- Grange Lolou
- Massaly (ruins)
- Grange Miramon
- Moncaut (spring)
- Grange Monsempès
- Moun du Rey
- Petit Paloc
- Le Petit Hameau
- Le Point de Vue
- Tourne (ruins)
The name Arros appears in the forms:
- Arrossium (1100, Titles of Mifaget),
- Arros (1120, Pierre de Marca)
- Arrode and Rode (12th century, Pierre de Marca),
- B. d’Arros, sieur d’Arrode (1137, Regulation of the Cour Major, Pierre de Marca),
- Arros (1286, Cartulary of the Château de Pau), and
- Arros on the Cassini Map at the end of the 18th century).
The commune name in béarnais is Arros de Nai. Michel Grosclaude, with much reservation, sugggested an Aquitaine root of (h)arr ("stone" or "rock") with the suffix -ossum, which gives a meaning "where there are rocks".
Bozom is the name of a farm in Arros which appears in the forms:
The Château d’Espalungue was mentioned in the 1863 dictionary.
On 27 January 1932 the prefect, citing consecutive administrative mistakes from the plurality of the name Arros in the department (Arros Canton of Nay, Arros Canton of Oloron), decided to associate the name of the chief town of the canton with that of the commune and asked the Municipal Council to endorse his decision. The council of the time complied and the name became Arros-de-Nay.
The first traces of the village date to the 11th century when it was cited with the name Arrossium ("place where there are rocks"). In the 12th century a noble family (de Rode, d’Arrode, then d’Arros) who owned the Lordships of Rode, Vauzé, the Viguerie of Lembeye took possession of the fief which became Arrode then later Arros.
Paul Raymond noted that in 1385, Arros had 44 fires and depended on the bailiwick of Pau. Arros, with its hamlets towards Bosdarros ('Bois d’Arros'), was the seventh largest of the twelve large Baronies of Béarn.
Each lozenge represents one of the five districts: the village (where the chateau is), Moun de Rey, Bois de Bié, Les Labassères, le Petit Hameau.
List of Successive Mayors
(Not all data is known)
The commune is part of seven inter-communal structures:
- the Community of communes of Pays de Nay;
- the AEP association of Nay-Ouest;
- the Sanitation association of Pays du Nay;
- the Energy association of Pyrénées-Atlantiques;
- the inter-communal association for the defence against floods of the Gave de Pau;
- the inter-communal association for the defence against floods of the Luz;
- the inter-communal association for the construction of the CES of Nay;
In 2010 the commune had 791 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]
Culture and Heritage
The Chateau of Arros or of Espalingues partially dates to the 17th century. It was registered as a historical monument in 1988.
The church of Saint-Jacques-le-Majeur was built in 1835. It is enrolled in the General Inventory of Cultural Heritage.
Arros-de-Nay has a primary school.
Notes and references
- At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.
- Inhabitants of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
- Google Maps
- Géoportail, IGN, consulted on 11 March 2012 (French)
- Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, Paul Raymond, Imprimerie nationale, 1863, Digitised from Lyon Public Library 15 June 2011, p. 26 (French)
- Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, Paul Raymond, Imprimerie nationale, 1863, Digitised from Lyon Public Library 15 June 2011, p. 31 (French)
- Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, Paul Raymond, Imprimerie nationale, 1863, Digitised from Lyon Public Library 15 June 2011, p. 36 (French)
- Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, Paul Raymond, Imprimerie nationale, 1863, Digitised from Lyon Public Library 15 June 2011, p. 13 (French)
- Michel Grosclaude, Toponymic Dictionary of communes, Béarn, Edicions reclams & Édition Cairn - 2006, 416 pages, ISBN 2 35068 005 3 (French)
- Pierre de Marca, History of Béarn, p. 405, 539, and 545 (French)
- Manuscripts in two volumes, 17th century - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
- Manuscript from the 16th to 18th centuries - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
- Manuscript from the 14th century - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
- Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, Paul Raymond, Imprimerie nationale, 1863, Digitised from Lyon Public Library 15 June 2011, p. 61 (French)
- Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, Paul Raymond, Imprimerie nationale, 1863, Digitised from Lyon Public Library 15 June 2011, p. 93 (French)
- Arms of France (French)
- List of Mayors of France (French)
- Intercommunality of Pyrénées-Atlantiques, Cellule informatique préfecture 64, consulted on 9 March 2012 (French)
- French Ministry of Culture Notice PA00084318 Chateau of Arros (French)
- French Ministry of Culture Notice IA64000597 Church of Saint-Jacques-le-Majeur (French)
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