Arros-de-Nay

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Arros-de-Nay
Town hall
Town hall
Coat of arms of Arros-de-Nay
Coat of arms
Arros-de-Nay is located in France
Arros-de-Nay
Arros-de-Nay
Coordinates: 43°12′01″N 0°17′09″W / 43.2003°N 0.2858°W / 43.2003; -0.2858Coordinates: 43°12′01″N 0°17′09″W / 43.2003°N 0.2858°W / 43.2003; -0.2858
Country France
Region Aquitaine
Department Pyrénées-Atlantiques
Arrondissement Pau
Canton Nay-Ouest
Intercommunality Pays de May
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Georges Bordenave
Area
 • Land1 13.47 km2 (5.20 sq mi)
Population (2010)
 • Population2 791
 • Population2 density 59/km2 (150/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 64054 / 64800
Elevation 230–421 m (755–1,381 ft)
(avg. 236 m or 774 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Arros-de-Nay (Occitan: Arròs de Nai) is a French commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Aquitaine region of south-western France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Arrosiens or Arrosiennes[1]

Geography[edit]

Arros-de-Nay is part of the urban area of Pau located in the heart of a valley between wooded hills and the Gave de Pau some 13 km south-east of Pau immediately east of Nay. The commune has been administered by the department of Pyrénées-Atlantiques since 1969 (formerly it had been in the Department of Basses-Pyrénées since 1793). The commune has about 300 houses. The altitude varies from 230 metres to 421 metres, with 243 metres in the village centre. This is one of the largest communal areas of the region with areas of plains and hilly areas with a livable areas in the north and in the hamlets.

Access to the commune is by road D37 from Saint-Abit in the north passing through the village and the northern corner of the commune continuing to Bourdettes in the south. The D936 goes west from the village then south-west to Rébénacq. The D288 road goes south from the village through the length of the commune to join the D287 north of Lys. The D388 branches from the D288 and goes south-west by a different route to join the D288 again south-west of the commune. The D287 goes south-west from Nay passing along the south-eastern border of the commune and continuing south-west to Sévignacq-Meyracq.[2]

The commune is located in the Drainage basin of the Adour with the Luz flowing from the south through the length of the commune collecting many tributaries and continuing north to join the Gave de Pau near Narcastet. The Escourre flows north through the northern corner of the commune and the north-eastern tip of the commune touches the Gave de Pau.[2]

Places and Hamlets[3][edit]

  • Allemand (hill)
  • Bacabara
  • Barbé
  • Barrère
  • Barthe
  • Bées[4]
  • Bégué
  • La Bernadie
  • Bois de Bié (forest)[5]
  • Blanquet
  • Blon
  • Bouhabent
  • Bourda-Plà
  • Bouria
  • Bozom[6]
  • Brouquet
  • Brousset
  • Cabarry
  • Casamayou
  • Casenave
  • Castéra
  • Cataline
  • La Châtaigneraie (two places)
  • Grange Clédou
  • Couchies
  • Coumet
  • Daguès-Bié
  • Gahuset
  • Guillamasse
  • Habarna
  • Habe
  • Haure
  • Hourcade
  • Jupé
  • Labasserres
  • Labourie
  • Lacrouts
  • Ladebat
  • Lambrou
  • Lanot
  • Lasbordes
  • Bois de Lauga (forest)
  • Lème Carraze
  • Lème Monlucou
  • Lolou
  • Grange Lolou
  • Lombré
  • Massaly (ruins)
  • Michelat
  • Grange Miramon
  • Moncaut (spring)
  • Mondaut
  • Grange Monsempès
  • Moun du Rey
  • Mourtérou
  • Nérios
  • Ourthe
  • L'Oustau
  • Paloc
  • Petit Paloc
  • Pareil
  • Pédemelou
  • Le Petit Hameau
  • Picourlat
  • Plà
  • Le Point de Vue
  • Porteteny
  • Rieupeyrous
  • Thomas
  • Toulet
  • Tourne (ruins)

Neighbouring communes and villages[2][edit]

Toponymy[edit]

The name Arros appears in the forms:

The commune name in béarnais is Arros de Nai. Michel Grosclaude,[8] with much reservation, sugggested an Aquitaine root of (h)arr ("stone" or "rock") with the suffix -ossum, which gives a meaning "where there are rocks".

Bées is a hydronyme designating the Petit Béez, already mentioned with the spelling le Bés in 1675[4] (Reformation of Béarn[11]).

Bié was the name of a farm which was mentioned in 1385[5] in the form Bier (Census of Béarn[12]).

Bozom is the name of a farm in Arros which appears in the forms:

  • la Monyoge de Bosom (1536, Reformation of Béarn[11]) and
  • Bouzoum (1863[6]).

The Château d’Espalungue was mentioned in the 1863 dictionary.[13]

Laragnous was a farm in Arros whose existence was attested in 1385[14] (Census of Béarn[12]) with the spelling Laranhoet.

On 27 January 1932 the prefect, citing consecutive administrative mistakes from the plurality of the name Arros in the department (Arros Canton of Nay, Arros Canton of Oloron), decided to associate the name of the chief town of the canton with that of the commune and asked the Municipal Council to endorse his decision. The council of the time complied and the name became Arros-de-Nay.

History[edit]

The War Memorial.

The first traces of the village date to the 11th century when it was cited with the name Arrossium ("place where there are rocks"). In the 12th century a noble family (de Rode, d’Arrode, then d’Arros) who owned the Lordships of Rode, Vauzé, the Viguerie of Lembeye took possession of the fief which became Arrode then later Arros.

Paul Raymond noted that in 1385, Arros had 44 fires and depended on the bailiwick of Pau. Arros, with its hamlets towards Bosdarros ('Bois d’Arros'), was the seventh largest of the twelve large Baronies of Béarn.[7]

Heraldry[edit]

Arms of Arros-de-Nay

Each lozenge represents one of the five districts: the village (where the chateau is), Moun de Rey, Bois de Bié, Les Labassères, le Petit Hameau.[15]

Blazon:
Or, five lozenges of Sable set 3 and 2.




Administration[edit]

List of Successive Mayors[16]

From To Name Party Position
1793 1796 Jean Laban
1796 1799 Jean Lassus
1799 1802 Jean Grilhere
1802 1805 Joseph Miramon
1805 1809 Jean-Baptiste d'Espalungue
1835 Miramon
1867 1871 Miramon
1871 1882 Suberbielle
1882 1887 Henri d'Espalungue
1887 1888 Alexis Barrère
1888 1896 Marcel Miramon
1896 1900 Armand d'Espalungue
1900 1904 Jean-Alexis Dufau
1904 1912 Armand d'Espalungue
1912 1919 Jean Dufau
1919 1923 Édouard Meniche
1961 1977 Léon Fiol
1977 1983 Jean Buisson
1983 1995 Jean Berrette
1995 2001 André Broqué
2001 2014 Georges Bordenave

(Not all data is known)

Inter-communality[edit]

The commune is part of seven inter-communal structures:[17]

  • the Community of communes of Pays de Nay;
  • the AEP association of Nay-Ouest;
  • the Sanitation association of Pays du Nay;
  • the Energy association of Pyrénées-Atlantiques;
  • the inter-communal association for the defence against floods of the Gave de Pau;
  • the inter-communal association for the defence against floods of the Luz;
  • the inter-communal association for the construction of the CES of Nay;

Demography[edit]

In 2010 the commune had 791 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Evolution of the Population (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
1,069 842 1,017 1,158 1,100 1,170 1,164 1,110 1,121
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
1,124 1,164 1,104 1,007 965 986 928 903 932
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
907 911 837 751 725 764 712 629 643
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2010 -
605 582 681 816 817 728 728 791 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)


Population of Arros-de-Nay

Economy[edit]

The Chateau of Arros in 1926

The commune is part of the Appellation d'origine contrôlée (AOC) zone designation of Ossau-iraty.

Culture and Heritage[edit]

Civil heritage[edit]

The Chateau of Arros or of Espalingues partially dates to the 17th century. It was registered as a historical monument in 1988.[18]

Religious heritage[edit]

The church of Saint-Jacques-le-Majeur.

The church of Saint-Jacques-le-Majeur was built in 1835. It is enrolled in the General Inventory of Cultural Heritage.[19]

Education[edit]

Arros-de-Nay has a primary school.

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Inhabitants of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  2. ^ a b c Google Maps
  3. ^ Géoportail, IGN, consulted on 11 March 2012 (French)
  4. ^ a b Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, Paul Raymond, Imprimerie nationale, 1863, Digitised from Lyon Public Library 15 June 2011, p. 26 (French)
  5. ^ a b Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, Paul Raymond, Imprimerie nationale, 1863, Digitised from Lyon Public Library 15 June 2011, p. 31 (French)
  6. ^ a b Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, Paul Raymond, Imprimerie nationale, 1863, Digitised from Lyon Public Library 15 June 2011, p. 36 (French)
  7. ^ a b c Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, Paul Raymond, Imprimerie nationale, 1863, Digitised from Lyon Public Library 15 June 2011, p. 13 (French)
  8. ^ a b c d Michel Grosclaude, Toponymic Dictionary of communes, Béarn, Edicions reclams & Édition Cairn - 2006, 416 pages, ISBN 2 35068 005 3 (French)
  9. ^ a b c Pierre de Marca, History of Béarn, p. 405, 539, and 545 (French)
  10. ^ Manuscripts in two volumes, 17th century - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  11. ^ a b Manuscript from the 16th to 18th centuries - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  12. ^ a b Manuscript from the 14th century - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  13. ^ Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, Paul Raymond, Imprimerie nationale, 1863, Digitised from Lyon Public Library 15 June 2011, p. 61 (French)
  14. ^ Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, Paul Raymond, Imprimerie nationale, 1863, Digitised from Lyon Public Library 15 June 2011, p. 93 (French)
  15. ^ Arms of France (French)
  16. ^ List of Mayors of France (French)
  17. ^ Intercommunality of Pyrénées-Atlantiques, Cellule informatique préfecture 64, consulted on 9 March 2012 (French)
  18. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice PA00084318 Chateau of Arros (French)
  19. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IA64000597 Church of Saint-Jacques-le-Majeur (French)