The borough was founded in 1845, and by 1848 its party was created. Arroyo Naranjo is situated 11 kilometers (6.8 mi) south of Old Havana on the Havana-Las Vegas highway, having been a stop of buses that were doing the service between these two cities. In 1858 Arroyo Naranjo had 291 inhabitants, who were increasing in the period of the baths, for the proximity to the medicinal waters known by the Cacahual. Arroyo Naranjo had always a progressive population. From 291 inhabitants of 1858, in 1871 the town had 1,485.