Ars-en-Ré

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Ars-en-Ré
Port Ars en Re.jpg
Coat of arms of Ars-en-Ré
Coat of arms
Ars-en-Ré is located in France
Ars-en-Ré
Ars-en-Ré
Coordinates: 46°12′29″N 1°30′57″W / 46.2081°N 1.5158°W / 46.2081; -1.5158Coordinates: 46°12′29″N 1°30′57″W / 46.2081°N 1.5158°W / 46.2081; -1.5158
Country France
Region Poitou-Charentes
Department Charente-Maritime
Arrondissement La Rochelle
Canton Ars-en-Ré
Intercommunality Île-de-Ré
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Jean-Louis Olivier
Area
 • Land1 10.95 km2 (4.23 sq mi)
Population (2010)
 • Population2 1,330
 • Population2 density 120/km2 (310/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 17019 / 17590
Elevation 0–15 m (0–49 ft)
(avg. 6 m or 20 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Ars-en-Ré is a French commune in the Charente-Maritime department in the Poitou-Charentes region of southwestern France.

Formerly called just Ars, the commune changed to its current name on 8 March 1962.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Arsais or Arsaises[1] but they are nicknamed the Casserons: the cassseron is a baby cuttlefish, a saltwater fish commonly found on the island.

Geography[edit]

Location of Ars on the île de Ré

Ars-en-Ré is one of 10 communes located on the Île de Ré off the coast of La Rochelle and is in the north-western part of the island some 8 km west of Saint-Martin-de-Ré. Access to the commune is by the D735 road which crosses to the island from the end of National Highway N237 at La Rochelle. The D735 passes along the north coast of the island through Saint-Martin-de-Re and continues north-west to the commune passing through the town and continuing north-west to the Baleines Lighthouse. Apart from the town there is the village of La Grange nearby on the coast and Le Martray to the east along the coast. The town occupies the centre of the commune and there are forests on the western side with the rest of the commune farmland including extensive Salt farms.[2]

Dyke on the edge of the Fier d'Ars

Its harbour is the largest on the Ile de Ré and is located at the bottom of the Fier d'Ars (a body of water penetrating the land from the north-east and bordered by marshes), which is reached by a channel through the Salt farms. A lock closes the tidal basin which has with 250 berths. A new basin with 130 berths is to be created in future at the channel entrance. There are 150 moorings on buoys in the outer harbuor and the channel has a capacity of 550 berths, mainly dedicated to the pleasure craft. A beach on the south coast of the island, bordered by a dyke to protect the land, extends to the Baleins Lighthouse at the western tip of the island.

Neighbouring communes and villages[2][edit]

History[edit]

The Prince of Soubise was defeated here in 1624.[3]

The port was important during the "salt era" until the beginning of the 20th century.

The Gabelle or Salt tax was significant in the area.

Heraldry[edit]

Arms of Ars-en-Ré

Blazon:
Or, Semé-de-lis Azure with a galley of Gules.




Administration[edit]

The Town Hall of Ars-en-Ré

List of Successive Mayors[4]

From To Name Party Position
1959 1966 Jacques Moinet
1983 1995 Emile Gaudin UDF
1995 2014 Jean-Louis Olivier UMP

(Not all data is known)

Demography[edit]

In 2010 the commune had 1,330 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Evolution of the Population (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
3,600 3,643 3,602 3,612 3,875 3,609 3,668 3,700 4,043
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
3,776 3,547 3,486 3,171 2,012 2,034 2,024 1,897 1,727
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
1,560 1,434 1,392 1,173 1,113 1,045 984 854 919
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2010 -
913 915 961 1,023 1,165 1,294 - 1,330 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)


Population of Ars-en-Ré

Distribution of Age Groups[edit]

The population of the town is relatively old. The ratio of persons above the age of 60 years (40.2%) is higher than the national average (21.6%) and the departmental average (28.1%). As with national and departmental allocations, the male population of the town is less than the female population (45.9% against 48.4% nationally and 48.2% at the departmental level).

Percentage Distribution of Age Groups in Ars-en-Ré and Charente-Maritime Department in 2010

Ars-en-Ré Ars-en-Ré Charente-M Charente-M
Age Range Men Women Men Women
0 to 14 Years 10.4 11.5 17.2 15.1
15 to 29 Years 12.8 11.5 16.4 14.3
30 to 44 Years 18.2 13.6 18.4 17.7
45 to 59 Years 22.1 19.6 20.8 20.6
60 to 74 Years 21.2 20.2 17.6 18.2
75 to 89 Years 14.8 19.1 9.1 12.5
90 Years+ 0.5 4.4 0.6 1.6

Sources:

Sites and Monuments[edit]

The village is a member of Les Plus Beaux Villages de France (the most beautiful villages in France).[5]

Since 2011 the commune has belonged to the network "Villages of stone and water", a label initiated by the General Council to promote exceptional sites with the distinction of being located near a body of water (sea, river, pond ...).[6]

Civil Heritage[edit]

Ars-en-Ré has a large number of buildings that have been registered as historical monuments by the Ministry of Culture. These are:

  • 3 Windmills (17th-18th century) Windmill 1,[7] Windmill 2,[8] Windmill 3,[9]
  • 3 Houses on Rue d'Angleterre (18th century) House 1,[10] House 2,[11] House 3[12]
  • House on Rue des Bardons (17th century)[13]
  • House on Rue de la Boire (17th century)[14]
  • Guardroom (18th century)[15]
  • War Memorial (20th century)[16]
  • House in Place Carnot (16th and 19th century)[17]
  • Jules Perrier Museum (19th century)[18]
  • House on Rue du Cinq Un (Undated)[19]
  • House on Rue du Corneau (18th century)[20]
  • 3 Houses on Rue du Havre: House 1 (18th century),[21] House 2 (18th century),[22] House 3 (16th century)[23]
  • Winemakers House on Ruelle des Marais (18th century)[24]
  • Salt Refinery (19th century)[25]
  • 2 Salt Works on Rue Mouillebarbe: Salt works 1 (19th century),[26] Salt works 2 (1818)[27]
  • Winemakers House on Rue Nationale (17th century)[28]
  • 3 Houses on Rue des Ormeaux (17th century): House 1,[29] House 2,[30] House 3[31]
  • 2 Houses on Rue du Palais: House 1 (19th century),[32] House 2 (17th century)[33]
  • House on Rue Ravalante (1726)[34]
  • House on Rue Simon (17th and 18th centuries)[35]
  • House on Impasse Thiers (17th century)[36]
  • Le Griffaud House on Rue Thiers (17th century)[37]
  • 3 Houses on Rue Thiers: House 1 (1789),[38] House 2 (1654),[39] House 3 (1619),[40]
  • Seneschal House on Rue des Tourelles (16th century)[41]
  • Manor House on Rue des Tourelles (16th century)[42]
  • Tower and Works at Batterie-Karola (1942-1944)[43]
  • Batterie Kora-Karola which was part of the German Atlantic Wall (military area).[44][45]
  • Mill at Moulin de la Fontaine (17th century)[46]
  • House at Le Martray (17th century, demolished 19th century)[47]
  • The Fort of Le Martray (1674).[44][48]
  • House at le Boutillon (Destroyed)[49]
  • Mill at la Grelière (17th century)[50]
  • 20 Houses (17th, 18th, and 19th centuries)[51]

Religious Heritage[edit]

Many religious buildings and monuments are registered as historical monuments at the Ministry of Culture. These are:

  • Church Saint-Étienne of Ars-en-Ré (priory of Saint-Étienne). Its bell tower, painted in black and white, serves as a Daymark for sailors.[52]
  • Priory of Saint-Étienne (11th, 12th, 15th, 16th, and 17th centuries)[53]
  • Convent of the Sisters of Wisdom (19th century)[54]
  • Convent of the Sisters of Charity (18th century)[55]
  • Protestant Church (1603)[56]
  • Monumental Cross at the Port (19th century)[57]
  • Monumental Cross on the Route de Saint-Clément (19th century)[58]
  • Pinaud Cross on the Route de Saint-Clément (17th century)[59]
  • Monumental Cross on N735 (18th-19th century)[60]

The Church of Saint-Étienne contains a very large number of objects listed as historical objects which can be seen listed on this link. (French)

Other sights[edit]

  • The Port with its new tidal basin at the entrance of the access channel.
  • Le Martray, the nearest place to the main island.
  • The Fiers d'Ars
  • Salt farms
  • The old station of the Petit train de l'Île de Ré (1898) at the port.
  • The surfing spot at Grignon Point.

Picture Gallery[edit]

The Town and Other Sights
The Church
Birds
Fishing and Boats

Notable people linked to the commune[edit]

  • Mathurin Renaud (14 October 1641 – 1676), born in Ars-en-Ré (parish of Saint-Étienne), an important historical figure: a pioneer of New France and one of the first inhabitants of Charlesbourg.
  • William Barbotin (1861-1931), painter and engraver.
  • Marie-Thérèse Dethan-Roullet (1870-1945), painter, was born here.
  • Lionel Jospin, former Prime Minister of France, had a house here where he stayed regularly.
  • Claude Barma, former Italian Film director, father of Catherine Barma, was buried here.
  • In the Narthex of the church there is a representation of John Vianney (1786-1859), the famous "Curé of Ars" although he was a priest in the commune of Ars-sur-Formans in Ain.

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Inhabitants of Charente-Maritime (French)
  2. ^ a b Google Maps
  3. ^ Dezobry and Bachelet, Dictionary of Biography, t.1, Ch. Delagrave, 1876, p. 149 (French)
  4. ^ List of Mayors of France (French)
  5. ^ Ars-en-Ré on the most beautiful villages in Franmce website
  6. ^ 13 villages unite for better or for worse, article by Thomas Brosset published in Sud Ouest, 10 February 2011 (French)
  7. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IA00042975 Windmill 1 (French)
  8. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IA00042976 Windmill 2 (French)
  9. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IA00042977 Windmill 3 (French)
  10. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IA00042964 House 1 on Rue d'Angleterre (French)
  11. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IA00042962 House 2 on Rue d'Angleterre (French)
  12. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IA00042961 House 3 on Rue d'Angleterre (French)
  13. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IA00042967 House on Rue des Bardons (French)
  14. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IA00042970 House on Rue de la Boire (French)
  15. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IA00043328 Guardroom (French)
  16. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IA00042973 War Memorial (French)
  17. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IA00042950 House on Place Carnot (French)
  18. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IA00042941 Jules Perrier Museum (French)
  19. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IA00042963 House on Rue du Cinq Un (French)
  20. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IA00043324 House on Rue du Corneau (French)
  21. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IA00043329 House 1 on Rue du Havre (French)
  22. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IA00042952 House 2 on Rue du Havre (French)
  23. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IA00042951 House 3 on Rue du Havre (French)
  24. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IA00042955 Winemakers House on Ruelle des Marais (French)
  25. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice PA00105304 Salt Refinery (French)
  26. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IA00043327 Salt Works 1 on Rue Mouillebarbe (French)
  27. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IA00042972 Salt Works 2 on Rue Mouillebarbe (French)
  28. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IA00042960 Winemakers House on Rue Nationale (French)
  29. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IA00042969 House 1 on Rue Nationale (French)
  30. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IA00042968 House 2 on Rue Nationale (French)
  31. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IA00042971 House 3 on Rue Nationale (French)
  32. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IA00042966 House 1 on Rue du Palais (French)
  33. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IA00042965 House 2 on Rue du Palais (French)
  34. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IA00042958 House on Rue Ravalante (French)
  35. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IA00042953 House on Rue Simon (French)
  36. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IA00042956 House on Impasse Thiers (French)
  37. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IA00042948 Le Griffaud House on Rue Thiers (French)
  38. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IA00042957 House 1 on Rue Thiers (French)
  39. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IA00042954 House 2 on Rue Thiers (French)
  40. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IA00042959 House 3 on Rue Thiers (French)
  41. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IA00042949 Seneschal House on Rue des Tourelles (French)
  42. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice PA00104600 Manor House on Rue des Tourelles (French)
  43. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IA00042974 Tower and Works at Batterie-Karola (French)
  44. ^ a b Coastal Fortifications - Charente Maritime, R. Desquesne, R. Faille, N. Faucherre, and P. Prost, Éditions patrimoine et médias, ISBN 2-910137-03-1 (French)
  45. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice PA17000044 Batterie Kora-Karola (French)
  46. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IA00042982 Mill at Moulin de la Fontaine (French)
  47. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IA00042981 House at Le Martray (French)
  48. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IA00042980 Fort of Le Martray (French)
  49. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IA00042979 House at le Boutillon (French)
  50. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IA00042978 Mill at la Grelière (French)
  51. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IA00042940 20 Houses (French)
  52. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice PA00104599 Church Saint-Étienne (French)
  53. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IA00042943 Priory of Saint-Étienne (French)
  54. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IA00043325 Convent of the Sisters of Wisdom (French)
  55. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IA00043326 Convent of the Sisters of Charity (French)
  56. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IA00042942 Protestant Church (French)
  57. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IA00042947 Monumental Cross at the Port (French)
  58. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IA00042945 Monumental Cross on the Route de Saint-Clément (French)
  59. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IA00042944 Pinaud Monumental Cross on the Route de Saint-Clément (French)
  60. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IA00042946 Monumental Cross on N735 (French)