View of Ars with the basilica
|Intercommunality||Porte ouest de la Dombes|
|• Mayor (2008–2014)||Patrick Duvivier|
|• Land1||5.5 km2 (2.1 sq mi)|
|• Population2 density||240/km2 (620/sq mi)|
|INSEE/Postal code||01021 / 01480|
|Elevation||226–281 m (741–922 ft)
(avg. 240 m or 790 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
The inhabitants of the commune are known as Arsois or Arsoises
- 1 Geography
- 2 History
- 3 Administration
- 4 Demography
- 5 Sites and monuments
- 6 Religious Communities
- 7 Local life
- 8 Notable People linked to the commune
- 9 See also
- 10 Notes and references
The village is located in the south-western part of the Ain department 33 km north of Lyon and 10 km east of Villefranche-sur-Saône in the heart of the Dombes region - known for its many lagoons. Ars-sur-Formans is located on the Dombes plateau while to the west it borders the fertile hills of the Val de Saône. A small river, the Formans, passes through the commune.
The D44 road from Savigneux west to Beauregard forms much of the northern border of the commune. Access to the village is by road D904 going west from Savigneux and continuing to join the D934 west of the commune. The road D888 also runs south-east of the village to Rancé.
The name of the commune comes from Arsa meaning "burnt". Long known simply as Ars, the commune changed its name to Ars-sur-Formans by a decree of 12 October 1956 published in the Official Journal on the 18th of the same month.
- Surrounding Communes
The name Ars appeared as early as the year 969. In the 11th century Ars was one of the many strongholds of the Lordship of Villars and his mansion was located next to the church. In 1226 Jean of Ars sold his land to the monastery of Île Barbe but Villars retained sovereignty. In the 14th century, the protection of the castle was divided between the Lord of Villars and that of Beaujeu.
The village was burned by the troops of Viry in 1409 and was obliged to submit to the consequences of the Wars of Religion throughout the following century.
Since the mid-19th century, the name of Ars was universally associated with its holy parish-priest, Saint Jean-Marie Vianney. Well before his canonisation by Pope Pius XI in 1925 there were many pilgrimages. On 6 October 1986, Pope John Paul II travelled to the village of Ars-sur-Formans, during his third visit to France.
List of Successive Mayors of Ars-sur-Formans
|1838||1879||Claude Prosper Garnier des Garets|
|1904||1912||André Benoît Trève|
|1912||1915||Jean-François Cinier Trève|
|1919||1944||Jean-François Cinier Trève|
|1945||1947||Antoine Mandy Demole|
(Not all data is known)
In 2009, the commune had 1,326 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known through the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of municipalities with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]
Sites and monuments
- The Basilica of Ars partly built in 1862 by the Lyon architect Pierre Bossan and his successor Sainte-Marie-Perrin forms an extension to the old church. It houses the remains of Saint Jean-Marie Vianney, the parish-priest of Ars, the patron saint of all parish priests. The church and the adjoining Basilica are both classified as historical monuments. This place of pilgrimage hosts more than 500,000 people each year.
- Apart from the Basilica, the Presbytery of the Curé of Ars and the chapel containing the relic of his heart are open to visitors. The reception desk and the spiritual activities of the sanctuary are organised by the priests of the sanctuary: the congregation of Benedictine nuns called the Tyburn Nuns and the Brothers of the Holy Family of Belley. The year 2009 marked the Jubilee of the 150th anniversary of the death of Saint Jean-Marie Vianney. On the occasion of the sacred international year for priests 2009-2010 the sanctuary hosted nearly 600,000 pilgrims including 35,000 priests. Ars is part of the Association of sanctuaries in France, and holds the title "tourist village of Ain".
- At the Ars Meseum the Historial du Saint-Curé-d'Ars revives the decor of the period and reconstitutes in 17 scenes and 35 wax figures the history of the curé of Ars.
- Basilica of Ars Gallery
- Presbytery of the Curé of Ars Gallery
Plaque from Pope Benedict XVI
- The Chapel du Coeur Gallery
- There are several communities present in Ars: the Working Missionary Sisters (Providence House), the Franciscan Sisters (Saint-Jean House), the Carmelite Sisters, the Benedictines of the Sacred Heart of Montmartre, the Brothers of the Holy Family of Belley (Guardians of the Sanctuary), the priests of the Jean-Marie Vianney Society (John Paul II Sacred Hall for the reception of priests and for International Seminar for the training of priests).
- Freihalden (Germany) since 1977.
- On the second Sunday in February: Feast of the arrival of the Saint (evocation of the arrival of the Saint at the Meeting Monument, procession, solemn Mass, adoration of the blessed Sacrement, vespers with catechism)
- the following Easter Sunday: Divine Mercy Sunday (Mass, education, Solemn Vespers ...
- Every Wednesday in June: Groups of children at home (visit, Mass, games)
- in June, Mass and Procession of the festival of God in the village;
- 4 August (anniversary of the death of the Saint): Festival of the Saint Curé (Lauds, Solemn Mass, Procession, Adoration of the Blessed Sacrament, Vespers, spiritual concert
- 8 December: Festival of the Immaculate Conception, lighting the village and entertainments
- Event at the Carmel of Saint Curé of Ars founded in 1939
- In 1986 and 2007 the movie-art-recreation association made two films about Carmel of the Holy Curé of Ars in the movie series "Relief of France: the monasteries" and a paper on John Paul II during his meeting with the Carmelites on 6 October 1986.
- The commune is the homeland of Saint Curé of Ars - Jean-Marie Vianney
- Communes of the Ain department
- Ars-sur-Formans Tourist Office (French)
- Ars-sur-Formans Basilica (16 images) (French)
- INSEE (French)
Notes and references
- At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002 , the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" which allow, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For municipalities with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these municipalities is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.
- Inhabitants of Ain (French)
- Google Maps
- An interesting article was published on the name of the commune in 2010 in the Dombes magazine No. 31 published by the Academy of Dombes. (French)
- List of mayors of Ain as at 16 April 2008 on the website of the prefecture of Ain (French)
- 525,000 visitors at Ars-sur-Formans: the consecration of religious tourism, consulted on 23 May 2011, author Marc Dazy (French).
- Museum of Ars (French)
- National Commission for Decentralised cooperation (French)
- This archived document is visible in the video: Dialogue at Carmel of Saint Curé of Ars on cine-art-loisir.com by Jean Claude Guerguy, Director (French)
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