Arsenal-Delanne 10

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Arsenal-Delanne 10
Role Fighter
Manufacturer Arsenal de l'Aéronautique
Designer Maurice Delanne
First flight 1941
Introduction 1940-41
Primary users Armée de l'Air
Luftwaffe

The Arsenal-Delanne 10 was an experimental fighter aircraft of French origin. The plane had a rear cockpit and a distinctive tandem wing.

Design and development[edit]

The Arsenal-Delanne 10-C2 two-seat fighter, designed by Maurice Delanne and built by the Arsenal de l'Aéronautique, was of so-called Nenadovich biplane or tandem wing configuration, the tandem-mounted wings providing a continuous slot effect and offering exceptional center of gravity range. The fighter was of all metal stressed-skin construction, which used a sandwich technique, with a smooth dural skin welded to a corrugated sheet. Pilot and gunner sat in tandem under a single canopy at the rear of the fuselage, which was level with the rear wing, which carried twin tailplanes. This arrangement gave the gunner a clear field of fire for his planned armament of two 7.5 mm machine guns, which was to be supplemented by a 20 mm cannon firing through the propellor hub and two more machine guns in the wing. The aircraft was fitted with a retractable tailwheel undercarriage and was powered by a single 860 hp (641 kW) Hispano-Suiza 12Ycrs 12-cylinder liquid-cooled engine.[1]

The Arsenal-Delanne 10-C2 prototype was virtually complete at Villacoublay when German forces occupied the factory in June 1940. Work on the aircraft continued in a desultory fashion and the first flight test being made in October 1941. After completion of the initial test programme, the aircraft was ferried to Germany for further trials.[2]

Specifications[edit]

Data from War Planes of the Second World War: Volume One Fighters[2]

General characteristics

  • Crew: 2
  • Length: 7.328 m (24 ft 0.5 in)
  • Wingspan: 10.11 m (33 ft 2 in)
  • Height: 3.00 m (9 ft 10 in)
  • Wing area: 22.50 m2 (242.2 sq ft)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Hispano-Suiza 12Ycrs liquid-cooled v12 engine, 640 kW (860 hp)

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 550 km/h; 297 kn (342 mph) at 5,415 m (14,764 ft)
  • Endurance: 1.5 hr
  • Service ceiling: 10,000 m (32,810 ft)
  • Time to altitude: 6.5 min to 5,000 m (16,400 ft)

Armament

  • Guns: (proposed)
    • 1× fixed forward firing 20 mm cannon and 2× wing mounted 7.5 mm MAC 1934 machine guns
    • 2× flexibly mounted 7.5 mm machine guns in rear cockpit

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ Green 1969, pp. 24–25.
  2. ^ a b Green 1969, p. 25.
Bibliography
  • Green, William. War Planes of the Second World War: Volume One Fighters. London: Macdonald, 1967. ISBN 0-356-01445-2.

External links[edit]