|Jmol-3D images||Image 1
|Molar mass||310.17 g mol−1|
|Appearance||Vivid, dark orange, opaque crystals|
|Melting point||300 °C (572 °F; 573 K)(minimum)|
|Boiling point||500 °C (932 °F; 773 K)(decomposes)|
|Solubility in water||0.014 g dm-3 (at 0 °C)|
|EU classification||T N|
|S-phrases||S20/21, S28, S45, S60, S61|
|Related compounds||Arsenic pentoxide
|Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)|
|(what is: / ?)|
Arsenic pentasulfide is an inorganic compound contains arsenic and sulfur with the formula. The identity of this reddish solid remains uncertain. Solids of the approximate formula As2S5 have been used as pigments and chemical intermediates but are generally only of interest in academic laboratories.
Arsenic pentasulfide is prepared by precipitation from an acidic solution of soluble As(V) salts by treatment with hydrogen sulfide. It may be also prepared by heating a mixture of arsenic and sulfur, extracting the fused mass with an ammonia solution and reprecipitating arsenic pentasulfide at low temperature by addition of hydrochloric acid.
Phosphorus pentasulfide with the formula P4S10, is a molecular compound featuring tetrahedral phosphorus(V) centres. Trends in arsenic redox potentials suggest that As2S5 adopts a similar structure, a plausible alternative being an arsenic polysulfide.
- As2S5 + 6 H2O → 2 H3AsO3 + 2 S + 3 H2S
It oxidizes in air at elevated temperatures producing arsenic oxides, the products and yields of which are variable. In alkali metal sulfide solutions arsenic pentasulfide forms a thioarsenate anion, [AsS4]3–, which contain As(V) centres.
- Greenwood, Norman N.; Earnshaw, Alan (1997). Chemistry of the Elements (2nd ed.). Butterworth-Heinemann. ISBN 0080379419.
- A. L. Emelina, A. S. Alikhanian, A. V. Steblevskii and E. N. Kolosov "Phase diagram of the As-S system" Inorganic Materials, 2007, Volume 43, pages95-104, doi:10.1134/S002016850702001X
- ed. by N. C. Norman. (1998). Chemistry of arsenic, antimony and bismuth. London: Blackie Acad. & Professional. pp. 114–115. ISBN 978-0-7514-0389-3.