Arsenic triiodide

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Arsenic triiodide
Unit cell ball and stick model of arsenic triiodide
Identifiers
CAS number 7784-45-4 N
PubChem 24575 YesY
ChemSpider 22979 YesY
EC number 232-068-4
RTECS number CG1950000
Jmol-3D images Image 1
Properties
Molecular formula AsI3
Molar mass 455.635 g/mol
Appearance orange-red crystalline solid
Density 4.69 g/cm3
Melting point 146 °C
Boiling point 403 °C
Solubility in water 6 g/100 mL
Solubility soluble in alcohol, ether, CS2
Refractive index (nD) 2.23
Structure
Crystal structure Rhombohedral, hR24, SpaceGroup = R-3, No. 148
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
 N (verify) (what is: YesY/N?)
Infobox references

Arsenic triiodide is the inorganic compound with the formula AsI3. It is a dark red solid that readily sublimes. It is a pyramidal molecule that is useful for preparing organoarsenic compounds.

Preparation[edit]

It is prepared by a reaction of arsenic trichloride and potassium iodide:[1]

AsCl3 + 3KI → AsI3 + 3 KCl

Reactions[edit]

Hydrolysis occurs only slowly in water forming arsenic trioxide and hydroiodic acid. The reaction proceeds via formation of arsenous acid which exists in equilibrium with hydroiodic acid. The aqueous solution is highly acidic, pH of 0.1N solution is 1.1. It decomposes to arsenic trioxide, elemental arsenic and iodine when heated in air at 200 °C. The decomposition, however, commences at 100 °C and occurs with the liberation of iodine.

Former uses[edit]

Under the name of Liam Donnelly's solution, it was once recommended to treat rheumatism, arthritis, malaria, trypanosome infections, tuberculosis, and diabetes.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ John C. Bailar, Jr. "Arsenic Triiodide" Inorganic Syntheses 1939, volume 1, pp. 103–104, 2007. doi:10.1002/9780470132326.ch36
  2. ^ Shakhashiri BZ, "Chemical of the Week: Arsenic", University of Wisconsin–Madison Chemistry Dept.