Arshak Adamian (1884 – 1956) was an Armenian conductor, composer, art critic, pedagogue. Merited Artist of the RA. He was the founding Artistic Director and Principal Conductor of Armenian Philharmonic Orchestra in 1924-1926.
Adamian studied piano and composition at Schtern Conservatory in Berlin (1904-1906). Then he graduated from Law Department, St. Petersburg University. From 1924 to 1926 he was the Rector of Yerevan Conservatory, then worked as professor of Leningrad Conservatory.