Arsinoe III of Egypt

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For other Arsinoes, see Arsinoe (disambiguation).
Arsinoe III Thea Philopator
Queen of Egypt
Oktadrachmon Arsinoe III.jpg
Spouse Ptolemy IV
Issue Ptolemy V Epiphanes
Full name
Arsinoe III Thea Philopator
Dynasty Ptolemaic
Father Ptolemy III
Mother Berenice II
Born c. 246–245 BC
Died 204 BC

Arsinoe III Philopator (Ancient Greek: Ἀρσινόη ἡ Φιλοπάτωρ, which means "Arsinoe the father-loving", 246 or 245 BC – 204 BC) was Queen of Egypt (220 – 204 BC). She was a daughter of Ptolemy III and Berenice II.[1]

Between late October and early November 220 BC she was married to her brother, Ptolemy IV. She took active part in the government of the country, at least in the measure that it was tolerated by the all-powerful minister Sosibius. She rode at the head of infantry and cavalry to fight Antiochus the Great at the battle of Raphia in 217 BC. She was the mother of Ptolemy V. In summer, 204 BC she was murdered in a palace coup, shortly after the death of her husband.[2]

Ancestry[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dodson, Aidan and Hilton, Dyan. The Complete Royal Families of Ancient Egypt. Thames & Hudson. 2004. ISBN 0-500-05128-3.
  2. ^ Arsinoe III by Chris Bennett