Arsk

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"Archa" redirects here. For other uses, see Archa (disambiguation).
Arsk (English)
Арск (Russian)
Арча (Tatar)
-  Town[1]  -
Arsk train station, Gor'kovskaya railways, Russia. Main hall view.jpg
Arsk railway station
Arsk is located in Tatarstan
Arsk
Arsk
Location of Arsk in the Republic of Tatarstan
Coordinates: 56°06′N 49°53′E / 56.100°N 49.883°E / 56.100; 49.883Coordinates: 56°06′N 49°53′E / 56.100°N 49.883°E / 56.100; 49.883
Coat of Arms of Arsk (Tatarstan).png
Coat of arms
Administrative status (as of February 2014)
Country Russia
Federal subject Republic of Tatarstan[1]
Administrative district Arsky District[1]
Administrative center of Arsky District[1]
Municipal status (as of July 2013)
Municipal district Arsky Municipal District[2]
Urban settlement Arsk Urban Settlement[2]
Administrative center of Arsky Municipal District,[2] Arsk Urban Settlement[2]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 18,114 inhabitants[3]
Time zone MSK (UTC+04:00)[4]
Founded 13th century[citation needed]
Town status since June 27, 2008[5]
Arsk on WikiCommons

Arsk (Russian: Арск; IPA: [ˈarsk]; Tatar Cyrillic: Арча, Latin: Arça, [ʌrˈɕa]) is a town and the administrative center of Arsky District in the Republic of Tatarstan, Russia, located on the Kazanka River, 65 kilometers (40 mi) from Kazan, the capital of the republic. Population: 18,114 (2010 Census);[3] 17,211 (2002 Census);[6] 13,938 (1989 Census).[7]

Etymology[edit]

The Tatar name of the town ("Арча") can be translated as "Udmurt's" or "Udmurtian".

History[edit]

It was founded in the 13th century by Volga Bulgarians.[citation needed] The town was the seat of Archa Darugha (a type of subdivision) during the Khanate of Kazan period. Even though the town was located in the area mostly populated by Tatars, the larger part of darugha's population was Udmurt. It is possible that earlier population of this area was also Finnic, who later assimilated with the Tatars.

Arsk was one of the strongest forts in the khanate. In 1506, it was the site of the Battles of Arsk Field, in which Tatar forces were initially defeated by the Russians but later turned the tables and won one of their most significant victories in the course of the Russo-Kazan Wars.

Arsk was captured by the Russian army under Prince Vorotynsky in 1552, the same year when Kazan itself was captured. In 1606, it was rebuilt as a Russian fortress. In 1708–1796, it was the seat of Arsky Uyezd. In 1781, it was granted town status. In 1918, it was taken in an anti-Bolshevik peasant rebellion. In 1920–1930, it was the administrative center of Arsky Kanton. In 1938, it was demoted in status to that of an urban-type settlement. On June 27, 2008, it was granted town status again.[5]

Eastern part of Kazan, that formerly was situated out of the Arsk Gates of Kazan during Khanate's epoch was called Arsk Field. Later, this name spread to cemetery, now situated in Central Kazan.

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Arsk serves as the administrative center of Arsky District, to which it is directly subordinated.[1] As a municipal division, the town of Arsk, together with five rural localities, is incorporated within Arsky Municipal District as Arsk Urban Settlement.[2]

Transportation[edit]

Arsk is a station on the Kazan-Agryz railway.

Demographics[edit]

Ethnically, Tatars comprise 83% and Russians—15% of the population, with Mordvins, Mari, Chuvash and Udmurts making up the remaining 2%.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Order #01-02/9
  2. ^ a b c d e Law #7-ZRT
  3. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  4. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  5. ^ a b Государственный Совет Республики Татарстан. Постановление №3900-III ГС от 27 июня 2008 г. «О преобразовании посёлка городского типа Арск Арского района Республики Татарстан». (State Council of the Republic of Tatarstan. Resolution #3900-III GS of June 27, 2008 On the Transformation of the Urban-Type Settlement of Arsk of Arsky District of the Republic of Tatarstan. ).
  6. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  7. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 

Sources[edit]

  • Министерство юстиции Республики Татарстан. Приказ №01-02/9 от 4 февраля 2014 г. «Об утверждении реестра административно-территориальных единиц и населённых пунктов в Республике Татарстан». Опубликован: Официальный сайт правовой информации Министерства юстиции Республики Татарстан (http://pravo.tatarstan.ru), 27 февраля 2014 г. (Ministry of Justice of the Republic of Tatarstan. Order #01-02/9 of February 4, 2014 On the Adoption of the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Units and Inhabited Localities in the Republic of Tatarstan. ).
  • Государственный Совет Республики Татарстан. Закон №7-ЗРТ от 31 января 2005 г. «Об установлении границ территорий и статусе муниципального образования "Арский муниципальный район" и муниципальных образований в его составе», в ред. Закона №59-ЗРТ от 12 июля 2013 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Республики Татарстан "Об установлении границ территорий и статусе муниципального образования "Арский муниципальный район" и муниципальных образований в его составе"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Республика Татарстан", №№18–19, 1 февраля 2005 г. (State Council of the Republic of Tatarstan. Law #7-ZRT of January 31, 2005 On Establishing the Borders of the Territories and the Status of the Municipal Formation of "Arsky Municipal District" and of the Municipal Formations It Comprises, as amended by the Law #59-ZRT of July 12, 2013 On Amending the Law of the Republic of Tatarstan "On Establishing the Borders of the Territories and the Status of the Municipal Formation of "Arsky Municipal District" and of the Municipal Formations It Comprises". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).