Art Directors Guild

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ADG
Art Directors Guild (logo).png
Full name The Art Directors Guild
Founded 1937
Members 2,006
Country United States
Head union International Alliance of Theatrical Stage Employees
Affiliation AFL-CIO
Key people Mimi Gramatky, President[1]
Office location 11969 Ventura Blvd. 2nd Floor
Studio City, California, 91604, USA
Website www.adg.org

The Art Directors Guild (ADG) is an American labor union and branch of the International Alliance of Theatrical and Stage Employees (IATSE) representing 2,006 motion picture and television professionals.

The ADG's sponsored activities include a film society, the Annual ADG Excellence in Production Design Awards, an art gallery called Gallery 800, an annual membership directory, technology-training programs and the professional quarterly news magazine Perspective. They are also founding cosponsors of the 5D Conferences.

Membership[edit]

Local 800 has four main craft classifications:

  1. Art Directors
  2. Scenic, Title and Graphic Artists
  3. Illustrators and Matte Artists
  4. Set Designers and Model Makers

In addition, the ADG is seeking to extend membership and subsequent union benefits to previs artists.[2]

Individual crafts represented by the ADG:

  • Production Designers
  • Art Directors
  • Assistant Art Directors
  • Set Designers
  • Graphic Artists
  • Illustrators
  • Matte Artists
  • Model Makers
  • Scenic Artists
  • Previs Artists

Origins[edit]

Art Directors Guild[edit]

Fifty-nine Art Directors, from all the major Hollywood studios, met on May 6, 1937 at the Hollywood Roosevelt Hotel, to found the Society of Motion Picture Art Directors (SMPAD).[3]

After World War II, many “below the line” industry labor organizations, including SMPAD, signed on with the IATSE for overall union representation. SMPAD became more active, grew in membership, and expanded opportunities as television developed. In 1967 the Society included "television" to their name before settling on its current moniker, the "Art Directors Guild" in 1998.[4]

Scenic, Title and Graphic Artists[edit]

The creation of its own local (formerly known as Local 816) in March 1949 marked the first time the Hollywood Scenic Artists and Title Artists had its own local representing its unique needs. Previously, the members were part of Local 644 of the Conference of Studio Unions (CSU) working in film and theater. The overwhelming majority of Local 644’s membership, however, had been made up of set painters and paperhangers and included set designers as well. It was not until the dissolution of the CSU after a long series of bitterly contested strikes that the scenic artists were able to organize exclusively. Those artists had been pioneers in their field, responsible for devising and developing the methods used to create representational scenery unsurpassed anywhere in the world.

The size and strength of the local grew with the inclusion of television contracts in the early 1950s. Television, at that time, was in effect an extension of live theater and required a lot of painted two-dimensional scenery instead of the three-dimensional sets used in film. As the nature of television scenery changed, the responsibilities of the television scenic artist broadened to include those of the set painter. Local 816 was the only local in the entertainment industry that worked in all three major areas of the business: film, television and theater.

In January 2003, the 850 members of ADG merged with the 650 member Scenic, Title and Graphic Artists to form the Art Directors Guild & Scenic, Title and Graphic Artists.

Illustrators, Storyboard Artists and Matte Artists[edit]

In the 1930s, the Illustrators and Matte Artists were part of the Federation of Motion Picture Crafts. By 1941 they became a part of the Conference of Studio Unions. In 1945, they received their own chartered local, Local 790 in IATSE, which by the 1950s became the dominant labor organization representing the motion picture and television job categories working behind the camera.[5]

On July 1, 2008, under the orders of IATSE International President Thomas C. Short, Local 790 Illustrators & Matte Artists and Local 847 Set Designers and Model Makers were merged into Local 800.[6]

ADG Excellence in Production Design Awards[edit]

The ADG Excellence in Production Design Awards are presented annually by the Art Directors Guild to recognize excellence in production design and art direction in the film and television industries.

Hall of fame[edit]

The Art Directors Guild established its Hall of Fame in 2005 to honour the contributions of significant past production designers and art directors. The Hall of Fame inducts new members annually, with the first group formally inducted at the 9th Annual Excellence in Production Design Awards ceremony on February 12, 2005.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Art Directors Guild Elects New President". Deadline Hollywood. February 6, 2013. Retrieved 26 June 2013. 
  2. ^ "Art Directors Guild makes designs on 'previs' workers". LA Times (latimesblogs.latimes.com). September 28, 2011. 
  3. ^ http://www.adg.org/sites/art/information/Perspective/Perspective_2007_Oct_Nov.pdf
  4. ^ http://movies.yahoo.com/news/history-art-directors-guild-awards-20110204-173900-237.html History of the Art Directors Guild Awards
  5. ^ "Art Directors Guild official website, ADG.org
  6. ^ "Art Directors Guild absorbs 2 small locals", Los Angeles Times
  7. ^ "About The Hall of Fame", Art Directors Guild. Retrieved 27 August 2012.

External links[edit]