Conservation and restoration training

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This is a list of Training programs for Conservation and Restoration of cultural heritage.

There are a variety of training and entry routes into the profession of conservation; for many the first step is a full-time academic course. Whereas training in Conservation has traditionally taken the form of an apprenticeship, in more recent years training in a recognized conservation course at a University has become the norm. Today it is more common for professional conservators to have taken a University course combined with a period of time as an intern.

"The scope of conservators' work has widened in recent years, and is no longer dominated by hands-on conservation. Conservators now expect to be involved with exhibitions, conservation science, preventive conservation, project management and advocacy work".[1]

Within the various schools that teach conservation, the approach differs according the educational and vocational system within the country, and the focus of the school itself.[2]

Many of the Conservation Associations and Professional Organizations also provide additional information about the schools in their respective fields and locations.


Master of Cultural Materials Conservation (2 years full-time) The Master of Cultural Materials Conservation offers a professional qualification, combining both theory and practice, and emphasising the philosophical, intellectual and scientific aspects of cultural materials conservation. Students will benefit from the Centre for Cultural Materials Conservation’s strong industry links and will gain access to the University of Melbourne’s vast and varied cultural collections, including the Ian Potter Museum of Art, and the University’s library, archive and school collections. Students will also have access to industry links with leading museums, galleries, archives and libraries, across Australia and overseas, with opportunities to develop research in relation to broader issues of cultural preservation for communities and cultures within the Asian-Pacific region.

The option to specialise in areas including conservation treatment of paintings, works on paper, frames, and some object and architectural conservation, can be combined with an internship. In consultation with an academic supervisor, students can arrange to undertake a placement in a conservation department or practice, which deals directly in the conservation of materials of their specialisation. Students have the opportunity to undertake internships across Australia, and overseas (for example, in the UK, USA, New Zealand, India, Malaysia, Greece and East Timor).[3]

Bachelor of Heritage, Museums and Conservation, Major in Conservation This major is for students who wish to gain detailed understanding of the knowledge and techniques of cultural heritage materials conservation. The major is open to students of the Bachelor of Heritage Museums and Conservation and can also be taken as an elective major by any student. The major is not restricted. It should be noted that students wishing to pursue a career in heritage conservation should also take the Minor in Conservation Science as part of their electives for the Bachelor of Heritage, Museums and Conservation.[4]


Algonquin College
  • Algonquin College
    • Applied Museum Studies (3 Year Diploma) which "provides students with a sound background in museum work and the technical areas common to all museums. These include: collection management, exhibit preparation, conservation, educational programming, and museum management".[5]
  • Fleming College previously known as Sir Sandford Fleming College.
    • Collections Conservation and Management Diploma[6]
Queen's University Main Campus, behind Gordon Hall
  • Queen's University, Ontario
    • MAC (Master of Art Conservation).[7] Established in 1974, Queen's University is the only university in Canada that offers a graduate degree in art conservation and one of four in North America that offer a graduate degree in this discipline.


Hong Kong, China,

    • Postgraduate degree programme in Architectural Conservation and Design
  • Conservation and Restoration Academy, Xi’an, China
  • University of Hong Kong


    • Graduate/Postgraduate degree programme in architectural conservation
    • Graduate/Postgraduate degree programme in science in conservation (MSc Conservation)


  • Academy of Fine Art, University of Split
    • Conservation of easel paintings and polychrome plastic, conservation of wall paintings and mosaics, stone conservation, conservation of metals, conservation of archaeological material, BA + MA



  • Hildesheim: Faculty of Preservation of Cultural Heritage, College of Applied Sciences and Arts HAWK Hildesheim[15]

Czech republic[edit]

  • Plzeň: Private Secondary School of Applied Arts - Zámeček, s.r.o. - Conservation and restoration of stone, matura.
  • Brno: Higher professional school of restoration in Brno[21]
    • Conservation and Restoration of Ceramics, foundation degree
    • Conservation and Restoration of Painting and Decorative Techniques, foundation degree
    • Conservation and Restoration of Furniture and Non-Polychromed Wood Carving, foundation degree
  • Písek: Higher professional school of restoration in Písek[22]


  • Thessaloniki: University Ecclesiastical Academy of Thessaloniki, Management and Preservation of Cultural and Ecclesiastical Relics Department[23]



    • Graduate degree programme in architectural conservation.


  • Sinhgad College of Architecture, Pune, India
    • Graduate/Postgraduate degree programme in Architectural Conservation
  • National Research Laboratory for Conservation of Cultural Property - NRLC, Lucknow, India
    • Graduate courses in conservation of works of art.
  • Delhi Institute of Heritage Research and Management, New Delhi, India
    • Graduate degree programme in Conservation, Preservation and Heritage Management


Despite its rich archaeological heritage, Israel has only begun to develop conservation education. The Israel Antiquities Authority recently established a training program in 2009 in the Old City of Akko (Acre), a UNESCO World Heritage Site, utilizing the expertise of the Israel Antiquities Authority, and the relationship with the Italian municipality of Rome.

  • International Conservation Center - Citta di Roma, Akko[25]


Since 1944 there has been a state school for art conservation training in the Istituto Superiore per la Conservazione ed il Restauro (formerly the Central Institute of Restoration) in Rome.[26] The institute and the school were founded by the art historian Cesare Brandi. The other state conservation school, with a similar training program, is the Opificio delle Pietre Dure in Florence.[27]

Since 2006 their diploma is equivalent to a degree course, similar to a master's degree in the US. The courses are limited: to access one must pass an appropriate public contest announced by the Ministry of Heritage and Culture. The training lasts five years and the diploma is subject to the acquisition of 300 credits.
The list of the schools accredited to carry out the Training of Restorers is defined by a Commission composed by Ministry of Heritage and Culture and Ministry of Education, Universities and Research.[28]

Private schools (not accredited) also exist, such as the Istituto per l'Arte e il Restauro "Palazzo Spinelli"[29] in Florence or the Istituto Italiano Arte Artigianato e Restauro[30] in Rome.


  • Escola Superior de Conservació i Restauració de Bens Culturals de Catalunya - ESCRBCC, BARCELONA, Spain
    • BA degree programme in conservation of paintings, sculpture, archaeology and paper (240 ECTS credit, 4 years).
  • Escola Superior de Conservación e Restauración de Bens Culturais de Galicia, Pontevedra, Spain
    • BA degree programme in conservation of paintings, sculpture, paper, textiles and archaeology (240 ECTS credit, 4 years).
  • Escuela Superior de Conservación y Restauración de Bienes Culturales, Madrid, Spain
    • BA degree programme in conservation of paintings, sculpture, paper, textiles and archaeology (240 ECTS credit, 4 years).
  • Escuela Superior de Conservación y Restauración de Bienes Culturales de Aragón, Huesca, Spain
    • BA degree programme in conservation of paintings, sculpture, paper, textiles and archaeology (240 ECTS credit, 4 years).

Also the universities of Barcelona, Granada, Sevilla, Vizcaya, Valencia and La Laguna - Tenerife offer the BA degree (240 ECTS credit, 4 years).

  • Escola de Conservació i Restauració d'Obres d'Art - ECORE, BARCELONA, Spain
    • Diploma programme in conservation of furniture, paint, polychrome sculpture, archaeological objects, paper, fosils, texitles, wood, stone
  • Escuela de Arte y Superior de Conservación y Restauración de Bienes, Culturales "Mariano Timón- CRBC, Palencia, Spain
    • Diploma programme in Conservation and restoration
  • Escuela de Arte y Superior de Conservación y Restauración de Bienes, Culturales de Salamanca - CRBC, Salamanca, Spain
    • Diploma programme in conservation and restoration, specialization in graphic documents
  • Escuela de Arte y Superior de Conservación y Restauración de Bienes Culturales de Valladolid - CRBC, Valladolid, Spain
    • Diploma programme in conservation and restoration, specialization sculpture
  • Escuela de Arte y Superior de Conservación y Restauración de Bienes Culturales de Ávila - CRBC, Ávila, Spain
    • Diploma programme in Conservation and restoration, specialization in archaeology


  • Mexico City, Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia (INAH), Escuela Nacional de Conservación Restauración y Museografía "Manuel del Castillo Negrete" (ENCRyM)[31]
    • Bachelor of Restoration of Furniture
    • Masters in Conservation and Restoration of Cultural Heritage Properties
  • Guadalajara, Escuela de Conservación y Restauración de Occidente (ECRO)[32]
    • Bachelor of Restoration of Furniture



  • University College London[36]
    • MSc Conservation Studies
    • Specialist short courses in Conservation
  • UCL, in partnership with Qatar Foundation and Qatar Museums Authority has created UCL Qatar, a center of excellence within the Gulf region for the study of cultural heritage, conservation, archaeology and museum studies. The two-year MSc Conservation Studies programme allows for a number of specializations including objects (metals, stone, ceramics), textiles and archaeological sites.

South Africa[edit]

South Africa enjoys a national conservation training resource, with a research and training campus located in Twee Riviere, Langkloof, Eastern Cape. At this location, The South African Institute for Conservation maintains a training programme in four specialisms of conservation, namely Metals Conservation, Paper Conservation, Stone Conservation (in the built environment) and Ceramics Conservation.

A number of conservation internships or placements (6 – 18 weeks) are also extended annually, to accommodate graduate and post-graduate students from formal conservation study programmes elsewhere. Such internships permit hands-on participation in remedial conservation work, either in studio or within the outdoor, architectural environment and under the supervision of senior faculty staff.

  • The South African Institute for Conservation[37]
    • Introductory Level Courses
    • Mid-career Level Short Courses
    • Internships (6 – 18 weeks)
    • Post-graduate Diploma in Technical Conservation Studies (scheduled intake: January 2017)
    • Master's Programme (scheduled introduction: 2019)


  • Lviv Academy of Arts, Lviv, Ukraine
    • Undergraduate/Graduate degree programme in conservation of paintings, sculptures, glass, metal, wood, textile, dress design, leather, interior decoration, black-and-white art

Russian Federation[edit]

  • St. Petersburg State Academy, St Petersburg, Russian Federation
    • Professional development internships in conservation of paintings on canvas, wooden supports, icons.

United Kingdom[edit]

There are numerous training facilities for conservators in the United Kingdom. Whereas training in the United States tends towards an overview of the conservation profession as a whole, in the UK each institution tends towards their own area of specialism.

  • Cardiff University[40]
    Cardiff University main building
    • BSc Conservation of Objects in Museums and Archaeology
    • MSc Care of Collections
    • MSc Professional Conservation
    • Msc Conservation Practice
  • Department of Conservation, offers several conservation courses including:[41]
    • Conservation Studies BA - Three years
    • Postgraduate Diploma: Conservation Studies 2 years
    • Postgraduate Diploma: Comparative Studies in Conservation Cleaning, techniques in relation to laser cleaning
  • University of Lincoln[46]
    • BA (Hons) Conservation & Restoration
    • MA Conservation of Historic Objects
    • Graduate Diploma Conservation Studies

United States of America[edit]

Columbia University "College Walk" provides a public path between Broadway and Amsterdam Avenue, cutting through the main campus quad.
Winterthur Museum Building
  • The University of Texas at Austin
    • Certificate of Advanced Study in the conservation of library and archival materials as part of its Master of Science in Information Studies program.
  • The University of Arizona
    • Heritage Conservation Graduate Certificate – stand alone certificate or in conjunction with MS Architecture, M. Landscape Architecture, MS Planning, MA Applied Archaeology[62]


  1. ^ ICON - Institute of Conservation - Careers & Training
  2. ^ AIC - Becoming a Conservator
  3. ^ [1]
  4. ^ [2]
  5. ^ Algonquin College - Applied Museum Studies
  6. ^ Fleming College: Full Time Programs: Collections Conservation and Management
  7. ^ Queen's University - Department of Art
  8. ^ Ma - Photographic Preservation
  9. ^
  10. ^
  11. ^
  12. ^
  13. ^
  14. ^
  15. ^
  16. ^
  17. ^
  18. ^
  19. ^
  20. ^
  21. ^
  22. ^
  23. ^
  24. ^ Isfahan University of Art
  25. ^ International Conservation Center
  26. ^ ISCR
  27. ^ Opificio delle Pietre Dure
  28. ^ Elenco delle istituzioni formative accreditate allo svolgimento dei Corsi di Formazione dei Restauratori
  29. ^ Istituto per l'Arte e il Restauro "Palazzo Spinelli"
  30. ^ Istituto Italiano Arte Artigianato e Restauro
  31. ^
  32. ^
  33. ^
  34. ^ nl:Universiteit van Amsterdam
  35. ^
  36. ^ [3]
  37. ^ The S.A. Institute for Conservation
  38. ^ Conservation
  39. ^ HKI - Courses
  40. ^ Cardiff School of History and Archaeology
  41. ^
  42. ^ Courtauld Institute of Art : Taught Degrees
  43. ^
  44. ^ Institute of Archaeology UCL
  45. ^ Institute of Archaeology UCL
  46. ^ LSAD Home
  47. ^
  48. ^ Royal College of Art
  49. ^ Art Conservation Department Home Page
  50. ^ Historic Preservation Program
  51. ^ Museum Conservation
  52. ^ Institute of Fine Arts, Conservation Center
  53. ^
  54. ^
  55. ^ UCLA Cotsen Institute of Archaeology | Conservation Program
  56. ^ Art Conservation at the University of Delaware
  57. ^ [4]
  58. ^ [5]
  59. ^
  60. ^ PennDesign :: Historic Preservation
  61. ^
  62. ^