Art Mór Mac Murchadha Caomhánach
|Mac Murchadha, King of Laighin|
Art Mór riding (see below)
|Predecessor||Donnchadh mac Muircheartaigh|
|Successor||Donnchadh mac Airt Mhóir|
|Issue||Donnchadh, Gerald (Gearalt)|
|Irish||Art mac Airt Mac Murchadha Caomhánach|
|Father||Art mac Muircheartaigh|
|Died||31 December 1416
Ferns, County Wexford
|Burial||St Mullin's, County Carlow|
Art Mór Mac Murchadha Caomhánach (anglicized Art MacMurrough-Kavanagh; died 1416/17) is generally regarded as the most formidable of the later Kings of Leinster. He revived not only the royal family's prerogatives but their lands and power. During the length of his forty-two year reign he fully lived up to his title, dominating the Anglo-Norman settlers of Leinster.
His dominance of the province and its inhabitants - both Gaelic and Hiberno-Norman - was deemed sufficiently detrimental to the colony that Richard II spent much of the years 1394-1395 sparring with him. While Art did indeed submit to Richard, he renounced this fealty on Richard's departure and made much of his kingdom a death-trap for any invading English or Anglo-Irish forces. The Crown accordingly dealt with him cautiously and he was granted an amnesty in 1409.
He married Elizabeth Calf, also known as Elizabeth le Veel, heiress of the Anglo-Norman barony of Norragh. Such a racial intermarriage violated the Statutes of Kilkenny and the Crown on this pretext forfeited Elizabeth's lands, one of the causes of her husband's enmity to the English. They had three sons -Donnchadh, King of Leinster, Diarmait and Gerald, Lord of Ferns.
Elizabeth's estates later passed to the Wellesley family, descendants of her daughter, Elizabeth, by her first husband, Sir John Staunton of Clane; the Wellesleys were ancestors of the Duke of Wellington.
- Annals of the Four Masters online
- Francis John Bryne, Irish Kings and High Kings (Dublin, 1973)
- Emmett O'Byrne, War, Politics and the Irish of Leinster 1156-1606 (Dublin, 2003)
- Gilbert, John Thomas (1893). "MacMurrogh, Art". In Lee, Sidney. Dictionary of National Biography 35. London: Smith, Elder & Co.