Arta, Djibouti

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Arta
Carta  (Somali)
أرتا (Arabic)
Town
A view of the Gulf of Tadjoura from Arta (1970).
A view of the Gulf of Tadjoura from Arta (1970).
Arta is located in Djibouti
Arta
Arta
Location in Djibouti
Coordinates: 11°31′N 42°50′E / 11.517°N 42.833°E / 11.517; 42.833
Country Flag of Djibouti.svg Djibouti
Region Arta
Established 17th century
Elevation 755 m (2,477 ft)
Population
 • Total 6,025
Time zone EAT (UTC+3)

Arta (Arabic: أرتا‎, Somali: Carta) is a town in southeastern Djibouti. The center of the Arta Region, it is the country's sixth-largest city. As of 2013, the population was 6,025. Arta is situated on the Mountains of Arta and is famous for its mild climate. It is located some 35 kilometres (22 miles) west of the national capital, Djibouti City.

History[edit]

The Arta settlement is several centuries old. During the Middle Ages, it was ruled by the Ifat and Adal sultanates. Arta later formed a part of the French Somaliland protectorate in the first half of the 20th century. In December 1942, British invasion of French Somaliland about 700 British troops and Free French troops occupied the town. Under French colonial rule in 1946, a new housing estate and hill station was built.[1] Because of its usually dry and relatively cool weather, Arta was the summer residence of the French and Djiboutian people.

From 2 May 2000,[2] peace talks between various factions of the Somali Civil War were held in the city with some 810 delegates, resulting in the establishment of the Transitional National Government of Somalia.[3]

Geography and climate[edit]

The town lies at an elevation of 755 metres (2,477 feet) above sea level. It sits on middle trending highlands known as the Mountains of Arta. The temperate central portion, where Arta lies, is situated on a rocky plateau.

Arta is connected to other environs by National Highway 4. Public buses go from Djibouti City to Arta. It takes half an hour to get to Arta. A contracted bus ride from Djibouti city to Arta can charge between 350 Djiboutian franc. We`a is situated just down the mountain, around 3 kilometres (2 miles) to the south.

Elevation is the major factor in temperature levels. The higher areas on average register temperatures 11 °C (52 °F) cooler, day or night. Temperatures drop to about 50–54 °F (10–12 °C) every night.

Sunshine is abundant in the town, averaging eight to ten hours a day year-round. It is lowest during the wet season, when there is some coastal fog and greater cloud coverage as warm air passes over the mountains.

Arta has a hot desert climate (BWh) in Köppen-Geiger system.

Climate data for Arta
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 24.5
(76.1)
24.7
(76.5)
26.7
(80.1)
29.2
(84.6)
33
(91)
37.2
(99)
37.4
(99.3)
36.4
(97.5)
34.3
(93.7)
30
(86)
26.9
(80.4)
25.2
(77.4)
30.46
(86.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) 20
(68)
20.7
(69.3)
22.3
(72.1)
24.8
(76.6)
28.3
(82.9)
32.3
(90.1)
31.7
(89.1)
30.9
(87.6)
29.9
(85.8)
25.3
(77.5)
22.3
(72.1)
20.7
(69.3)
25.77
(78.37)
Average low °C (°F) 15.6
(60.1)
16.7
(62.1)
18
(64)
20.5
(68.9)
23.7
(74.7)
27.4
(81.3)
26.1
(79)
25.5
(77.9)
25.6
(78.1)
20.6
(69.1)
17.8
(64)
16.3
(61.3)
21.15
(70.04)
Precipitation mm (inches) 29
(1.14)
25
(0.98)
24
(0.94)
29
(1.14)
14
(0.55)
1
(0.04)
11
(0.43)
22
(0.87)
16
(0.63)
11
(0.43)
37
(1.46)
14
(0.55)
233
(9.16)
Source: Climate-Data.org, altitude: 703m[4]

Demographics[edit]

As of 2013, the population of Arta has been estimated to be 6,025. The town inhabitants belong to various mainly Afro-Asiatic-speaking ethnic groups, with the Issa Somali predominant.

Twin towns – Sister cities[edit]

Arta is twinned with:

Country Town
Malta Republic of Malta Coat of arms of Malta.svg Mġarr
Greece Greece Coat of arms of Greece.svg Kandanos
Spain Spain Escudo de España (mazonado).svg Albaida, Valencia
Lebanon Lebanese Republic Coat of arms of Lebanon.svg Qaa

References[edit]

  1. ^ Thompson, Virginia; Adloff, Richard (1968). Djibouti and the Horn of Africa. Stanford University Press. p. 46. ISBN 978-0-8047-0650-6. 
  2. ^ Seddon, David (15 April 2013). A Political and Economic Dictionary of Africa. Routledge. p. 174. ISBN 978-1-135-35555-5. 
  3. ^ Yearbook of the United Nations: 2000 Edition. United Nations Publications. 1 January 2002. p. 215. ISBN 978-92-1-100857-9. 
  4. ^ "Climate: Arta - Climate graph, Temperature graph, Climate table". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 25 September 2013. 

Coordinates: 11°31′N 42°47′E / 11.517°N 42.783°E / 11.517; 42.783