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Artapanus (Greek: Αρτάπανος) was a Persian General under Xerxes I. According to Ctesias' Persica, Artapanus led the first wave of Persians against the Spartan force at the Battle of Thermopylae in 480 BC. Although he led a force of 10,000 men, they were routed by the Spartan defenders.
- Ctesias. Persica, Book 2, Section 27.
- Herodotus. Histories, Book VII.
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