Artaria

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Artaria and company was one of the most important music publishing firms of the late 18th and 19th century. Founded in the 18th century in Vienna, the company is associated with many leading names of the classical era.

History[edit]

Artaria and company was founded by the eponymous Carlo Artaria in 1765 in Vienna, then the capital of the Habsburg Monarchy. Originally a specialty publisher of maps, the company had expanded its business to include music by the mid-1770s. Its most important early collaboration was with the Austrian composer Joseph Haydn, who published more than 300 works through Artaria, including many of the composer's string quartets (such as the Opus 33), which were a popular seller.[1] The value of Haydn's works helped push Artaria to the top of the music publishing world in the late 18th century.

This important relationship helped Artaria secure the rights to the works of other important classical composers such as Luigi Boccherini and, most notably, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.[2]

During his lifetime, Artaria was Mozart's principal publisher, although after his death this passed to the German house of Breitkopf & Härtel. Artaria also published several early works of Ludwig van Beethoven, until a bitter dispute in 1801/02 over the publishing rights of Beethoven's String Quintet Op. 29 which culminated in a court case ended further collaboration.[3]

The dispute with Beethoven highlights the role the company played in helping determine early copyright laws. Voluminous correspondence is extant between Artaria and its clients regarding ownership and royalty of editions as well as piracy concerns.

Artaria continued to be a leading publisher through the 19th century, until it finally ceased its music publication business in the twentieth century.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Gretchen A. Wheelock, "Engaging Strategies in Haydn's Opus 33 String Quartets", in Eighteenth-Century Studies, Vol. 25, No. 1 (Autumn, 1991), pp. 1–30
  2. ^ Rupert M. Ridgewell, Mozart and the Artaria Publishing House: Studies in the Inventory Ledgers, 1784–1793, Ph.D. Royal Holloway, University of London, 1999
  3. ^ Donald W. MacArdle, "Beethoven, Artaria, and the C Major Quintet", The Musical Quarterly, Vol. 34, No. 4 (Oct. 1948), pp. 567–574

Notable editions[edit]

  • Ridgewell, Rupert M.: "Artaria's music shop and Boccherini's music in Viennese musical life"; Early Music - Volume 33, Number 2, May 2005, pp. 179–189