Artemisia cana

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Artemisia cana
Artemisia cana.jpg
Silver sagebrush in Dinosaur Provincial Park
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Genus: Artemisia
Species: A. cana
Binomial name
Artemisia cana
Pursh [1]
Subspecies
List source : [2][3][4][5]

Artemisia cana is a species of sagebrush native to western and central North America, having three subspecies.[6][3][7] It known by many common names, including silver sagebrush,[2][3] sticky sagebrush, silver wormwood,[2] hoary sagebrush, and dwarf sagebrush.[3]

Subspecies[edit]

Subspecies include: [3][7]

  • Artemisia cana ssp. bolanderiBolander's silver sagebrush, silver sagebrush; California, Oregon, Nevada. [8] [9]
  • Artemisia cana subsp. canaplains silver sagebrush, silver sagebrush, Coaltown sagebrush
  • Artemisia cana ssp. viscidulamountain silver sagebrush, silver sagebrush, Coaltown sagebrush. [10]

Distribution[edit]

Artemisia cana, Silver sagebrush, is an aromatic shrub found in grasslands, floodplains and montane forests.[11] Artemisia cana is native to the Canadian provinces of British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manitoba and the American states of Alaska, Oregon, California, Idaho, Nevada, Utah, Arizona, Wyoming, Colorado, New Mexico, North and South Dakota, Nebraska and Minnesota.[2][7]

Description[edit]

The type specimen of Artemisia cana was described informally by its collector, Meriwether Lewis (collected on October 1, 1804, in the vicinity of Centinel Creek in South Dakota, during the epic Lewis and Clark Expedition), in the following passage from Original Journals of Lewis and Clark, edited by Thwaites in 1904 :

"On these hills many aromatic herbs are seen; resembling in taste, smel [ sic ] and appearance, the sage, hysop, wormwood, southernwood and two other herbs which are strangers to me the one resembling the camphor in taste and smell, rising to the height of 2 or 3 feet; the other about the same size, has a long narrow, smo[o]th, soft leaf of an agreeable smel [ sic ] and flavor; of this last the A[n]telope is very fond; they feed on it, and perfume the hair of their foreheads and necks with it by rubing [ sic ] against it." [12]

It generally reaches 50–150 cm in height, with examples west of the Continental Divide typically being shorter than those east of the divide.[6]

The leaves have a narrow blade shape, are evergreen, grey-green in colour, and have a distinct aroma.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^  Artemisia cana was first described and published in Flora Americae Septentrionalis; or, a Systematic Arrangement and Description of the Plants of North America 2: 521. 1813 "Plant Name Details for Artemisia cana". IPNI. Retrieved August 15, 2011. 
  2. ^ a b c d  Original Publication GRIN (July 16, 2008). "Artemisia cana information from NPGS/GRIN". Taxonomy for Plants. National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland: USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Retrieved August 15, 2011. 
  3. ^ a b c d e Howard, Janet L. (2002). "Artemisia cana". Fire Effects Information System (online). Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory (Producer): USDA; Forest Service. Retrieved August 15, 2011. 
    Note: FEIS erroneously attributes authorship of A. c subsp. bolanderi to "(Gray) G.H.Ward" - the correct authorship goes to (A.Gray) G.H.Ward (the B & P abbreviation "Gray" refers to Samuel Frederick Gray, 1766–1828; "A.Gray" refers to Asa Gray, 1810–1888). The basionym of A. c subsp. bolanderi is Artemisia bolanderi, which was first described and published in 1883 (see the IPNI reference, below, for A. c. subsp. bolanderi).
  4. ^  Artemisia cana subsp. bolanderi (basionym: A. bolanderi) was published in Contributions from the Dudley Herbarium of Stanford University. Stanford, California. 4: 192. 1953 "Plant Name Details for Artemisia cana subsp. bolanderi". IPNI. Retrieved August 15, 2011. 
  5. ^  Artemisia cana subsp. viscidula (basionym: A. c. var. viscidula) was published in Rhodora; Journal of the New England Botanical Club. Cambridge, Massachusetts 61: 84. 1959 "Plant Name Details for Artemisia cana subsp. viscidula". IPNI. Retrieved August 15, 2011. 
  6. ^ a b c "Artemisia cana in Flora of North America @ efloras.org". Retrieved 2014-01-10. 
  7. ^ a b c "USDA Plants Profile: Artemisia cana.". Retrieved 2014-01-10. 
  8. ^ Jepson Manual: Artemisia cana ssp. bolanderi
  9. ^ USDA Plants: Artemisia cana ssp. bolanderi
  10. ^ USDA Plants: Artemisia cana ssp. viscidula
  11. ^ "NPIN: Artemisia cana (silver sagebrush)". Retrieved 2010-08-16. 
  12. ^ William Clark. Original Journals of Lewis and Clark,1804–6. Vol. 1, Part 2. p. 307. Retrieved August 15, 2011. 

External links[edit]