Artena

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For the genus of noctuid moths, see Artena (moth).
Artena
Comune
Comune di Artena
Artena Panorama.jpg
Coat of arms of Artena
Coat of arms
Artena is located in Italy
Artena
Artena
Location of Artena in Italy
Coordinates: 41°44′N 12°55′E / 41.733°N 12.917°E / 41.733; 12.917
Country Italy
Region Lazio
Province Rome (RM)
Frazioni Colubro, Macere, Maiotini, Abbazia, Selvatico, Valli
Government
 • Mayor Mario Petrichella
Area
 • Total 54 km2 (21 sq mi)
Elevation 420 m (1,380 ft)
Population (2009)
 • Total 14,154
 • Density 260/km2 (680/sq mi)
Demonym Artenesi
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 00031
Dialing code 06
Patron saint Mary Magdalene
Saint day 22 July
Website Official website

Artena is a town and comune in the province of Rome, Italy. It is situated in the northwest of Monti Lepini, in the upper valley of the Sacco River. It is approximately 40 kilometres (25 mi) southeast by rail, and 30 kilometres (19 mi) direct from Rome.

Economy is based on agriculture, animal husbandry and tourism.

History[edit]

The name of the original village of the Volsci is uncertain; Ecetra or Fortinum are possible suggestions.

In the Middle Ages it was a fief of various Roman baronal families, such as the Colonna, the Orsini and the Borghese.

The modern village was called Monte Fortino until 1873. It owes its present name to an unproven identification of the site with the ancient Volscian Artena, destroyed in 404 BC. Another Artena, which was an Etruscan town belonging to the district of Caere, and laying between it and Veii, was destroyed in the period of the kings, and its site is unknown.

Main sights[edit]

On the mountain 600 metres (2,000 ft) above the village are the fine remains of the fortifications of a city built in the 6th or 5th century BC, in cyclopean blocks of local limestone. Within the walls are traces of buildings, and a massive terrace which supported some edifice of importance.

Other sights include the Palazzo Borghese (17th century), and the churches of Santa Maria delle Letizie, Santa Croce, Santo Stefano Protomartire and San Francesco.

Notes and references[edit]

Public Domain This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.