Artesia, New Mexico

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Artesia, New Mexico
City
Artesia City Hall
Artesia City Hall
Official seal of Artesia, New Mexico
Seal
Nickname(s): City Of Champions
Location in the State of New Mexico
Location in the State of New Mexico
Coordinates: 32°50′34″N 104°24′44″W / 32.84278°N 104.41222°W / 32.84278; -104.41222Coordinates: 32°50′34″N 104°24′44″W / 32.84278°N 104.41222°W / 32.84278; -104.41222
Country United States
State New Mexico
County Eddy
Founded 1905
Government
 • Mayor Phillip Burch
Area
 • Total 8.0 sq mi (20.7 km2)
 • Land 8.0 sq mi (20.6 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.1 km2)
Elevation 3,380 ft (1,030 m)
Population (2000)
 • Total 10,692
 • Density 1,341.3/sq mi (518.0/km2)
Time zone MST (UTC-7)
 • Summer (DST) MDT (UTC-6)
ZIP codes 88210-88211
Area code(s) 575
FIPS code 35-05220
GNIS feature ID 0885911
Website www.artesianm.gov

Artesia is a city in Eddy County, New Mexico, United States, centered at the intersection of U.S. Route 82 and 285; the two highways serve as the city's Main Street and First Street, respectively. As of the 2000 census, the city population was 10,692.

History[edit]

The town assumed its present name in 1903, after the discovery of an artesian aquifer in the area; artesian wells for agriculture flourished in the area until the aquifer became significantly depleted in the 1920s. The city was officially incorporated in 1905.

Artesia was a candidate for ESPN's Titletown USA feature.[1]

Geography[edit]

Artesia is located at 32°50′34″N 104°24′44″W / 32.84278°N 104.41222°W / 32.84278; -104.41222 (32.842744, -104.412315),[2] at an elevation of 3,380 feet (1,030 m).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 8.0 square miles (20.7 km2), of which 8.0 square miles (20.7 km2) is land and 0.13% is water.

The Pecos River is about four miles east of Artesia.

Demographics[edit]

As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 10,692 people, 4,080 households, and 2,896 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,341.3 people per square mile (518.0/km²). There were 4,593 housing units at an average density of 576.2 per square mile (222.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 72.25% White, 1.54% Native American, 1.44% African American, 0.20% Asian, 0.15% Pacific Islander, 21.56% from other races, and 2.86% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 44.98% of the population.

There were 4,080 households out of which 36.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.8% were married couples living together, 14.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.0% were non-families. 26.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.15.

In the city the population was spread out with 30.3% under the age of 18, 9.0% from 18 to 24, 25.5% from 25 to 44, 20.1% from 45 to 64, and 15.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 92.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $29,529, and the median income for a family was $34,598. Males had a median income of $30,085 versus $19,566 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,911. About 15.7% of families and 20.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.8% of those under age 18 and 20.0% of those age 65 or over.

Economy[edit]

The principal economic activities which support Artesia are the oil and gas industry, agriculture and dairy. Prominent, local oil and gas businesses include Wilbanks Energy Logistics, Yates Petroleum, Mack Energy Corporation, and Marbob Energy Corp.[4] In the Fall of 2010, Concho Resources acquired most of Marbob Energy Corp's assets for nearly $1.6 billion. HollyFrontier Corporation also operates the Navajo Refinery, the largest refinery in New Mexico, at the corner of 1st and Main Street.

Artesia is home to the former Abo Elementary School, identified by One Nation Underground (ISBN 0-8147-7522-5) as the first and most likely only public school which is entirely underground and equipped to function as a fallout shelter. The school, completed in 1962, had a concrete slab roof which served as the school's playground. It contained a large storage facility with room for supplies for 2000 people in the event of nuclear warfare. The building was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1999 and is located at 1802 W Centre Ave.

The city has one of the few residential training sites of the Federal Law Enforcement Training Center (FLETC), mostly for the United States Border Patrol, B.I.A. Police and the U.S. Air Marshals. The center is located on the former campus of the College of Artesia, which operated from 1966 to 1971.

Artesia has a high-voltage direct current back-to-back station which connects the eastern and western electric grids in Eddy County. This tie, built by General Electric in 1983, can transfer a maximum power of 200 megawatts. The used voltage is 82 kV.

The birthplaces of professional golfer Steve Jonesand actress Alexa Havins are located in the city.

The Artesia Restaurant and Hotel is prominently featured as a location in the film The Man Who Fell to Earth (film) starring David Bowie.

Edgar Mitchell, Apollo 14 astronaut, identifies Artesia as his "hometown."

Current American football player and Pittsburgh Steelers quarterback Landry Jones attended Artesia High School, where he led the football team to two consecutive Class 4A state championships

Immigration[edit]

Artesia, New Mexico, is site to the Artesia Detention Center, that is responsible for individuals entering the U.S. illegally and going through proper dockets that are in compliance with current US immigration laws. This location has had incidents of humanitarian issues, for example a U.S. Citizen child was detained and legal issues due to its remoteness and the extent of this immigration issue.

Education[edit]

Artesia is served by the Artesia Public School District with the following schools:

  • Artesia High School (grades 10–12)
  • Artesia Junior High School (grades 8–9)
  • Artesia Intermediate School (grades 6–7)
  • Central Elementary School (grades 1–5)
  • Hermosa Elementary School (grades 1–5)
  • Roselawn Elementary School (grades 1–5)
  • Yeso Elementary School (grades 1–5)
  • Yucca Elementary School (grades 1–5)
  • Grand Heights Early Child Ctr. (kindergarten)

The Artesia Bulldogs play in 4A football division and have won 27 state titles (mostly in 3A), 25 since 1957. Head Coach and Athletic Director, Cooper Henderson, also a former player, has led the Bulldogs to 12 titles.

Climate[edit]

Artesia
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
0.4
 
56
21
 
 
0.4
 
62
25
 
 
0.3
 
70
32
 
 
0.5
 
78
40
 
 
1.2
 
86
51
 
 
1.9
 
93
60
 
 
1.4
 
94
64
 
 
2.2
 
92
62
 
 
2.5
 
85
54
 
 
1.3
 
77
42
 
 
0.7
 
65
30
 
 
0.6
 
57
22
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: NOAA
Climate data for Artesia, New Mexico
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 85
(29)
86
(30)
93
(34)
100
(38)
106
(41)
113
(45)
111
(44)
107
(42)
106
(41)
99
(37)
89
(32)
85
(29)
113
(45)
Average high °F (°C) 56.4
(13.6)
62.4
(16.9)
70.0
(21.1)
77.7
(25.4)
85.8
(29.9)
93.3
(34.1)
93.8
(34.3)
91.8
(33.2)
85.4
(29.7)
76.9
(24.9)
65.3
(18.5)
57.1
(13.9)
76.3
(24.6)
Average low °F (°C) 21.3
(−5.9)
25.4
(−3.7)
32.0
(0)
40.2
(4.6)
51.0
(10.6)
59.8
(15.4)
63.7
(17.6)
61.9
(16.6)
54.1
(12.3)
41.6
(5.3)
29.6
(−1.3)
21.7
(−5.7)
41.9
(5.5)
Record low °F (°C) −20
(−29)
−9
(−23)
9
(−13)
16
(−9)
26
(−3)
42
(6)
53
(12)
48
(9)
32
(0)
18
(−8)
−10
(−23)
−13
(−25)
−20
(−29)
Precipitation inches (mm) 0.40
(10.2)
0.44
(11.2)
0.28
(7.1)
0.52
(13.2)
1.23
(31.2)
1.87
(47.5)
1.38
(35.1)
2.19
(55.6)
2.51
(63.8)
1.30
(33)
0.69
(17.5)
0.56
(14.2)
13.37
(339.6)
Snowfall inches (cm) 2.1
(5.3)
1.5
(3.8)
0.5
(1.3)
0.6
(1.5)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.1
(0.3)
1.1
(2.8)
1.8
(4.6)
7.7
(19.6)
Avg. precipitation days 3.4 2.8 2.5 2.6 4.3 4.9 6.0 7.6 6.9 5.6 3.1 3.2 52.9
Avg. snowy days 1.1 0.7 0.4 0.2 0 0 0 0 0 0.1 0.5 1.0 4
Source #1: The Weather Channel[5]
Source #2: NCDC[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]