- See Great Artesian Basin for the water source in Australia.
An aquifer is a geologic layer of porous and permeable material such as sand and gravel, limestone, or sandstone, through which water flows and is stored. An artesian aquifer is confined between impermeable rocks or clay which causes this positive pressure. Not all the aquifers are artesian, because the water table must reach the surface (not the case for underground groundwater like, for example, the Nubian Sandstone Aquifer System) The recharging of aquifers happens when the water table at its recharge zone is at a higher elevation than the head of the well.
- 1 Examples
- 2 See also
- 3 References
- 4 External links
- Ardoise, Nova Scotia
- Armstrong, British Columbia used by SweetWater Springs Bottled Water
- Arnes, Manitoba
- Brockton, Ontario the current source of Walkerton's water, following the Walkerton Tragedy.
- Burk's Falls, Ontario
- Creemore, Ontario used by Creemore Springs Brewery
- Gimli, Manitoba
- Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan
- Oak Hammock Marsh, Manitoba
- Pemberton, British Columbia
- Pisquid, Prince Edward Island
- Stratford, Ontario
- Teeswater, Ontario
- Tiny, Ontario
- Wasaga Beach, Ontario
- Watershed Park, British Columbia
- Weymouth, Nova Scotia
- White Rock, British Columbia
Some towns in the United States were named Artesia after the artesian wells in the vicinity. Other artesian well sites include:
- Ashland, Wisconsin
- Beaver Creek Park, Hill County, Havre, Montana
- Bishop, California
- Black Belt (region), Alabama
- Boiling Springs, Pennsylvania
- Brown Palace Hotel, Denver, Colorado
- Camp Lewis, New Jersey
- Carmel, Indiana
- Chatawa, Mississippi (capped March, 2012)
- Chestertown, New York
- Dallas, Oregon
- Doe Run, Missouri
- Eden Prairie, Minnesota
- Goodbee, Louisiana
- Fort Atkinson, Wisconsin
- Fountain Point, Michigan
- Fountain Valley, California
- Gage, Oklahoma
- Gillis Springs, Treutlen County, Georgia
- Great Salt Plains, Jet, Oklahoma
- Harborcreek Township, Pennsylvania
- Hardin County, Ohio
- Hicksville, Ohio
- Holly Springs, North Carolina
- Humble, Texas
- Jacob's Well, Wimberley, Texas
- Jerome, Missouri
- Kentwood, Louisiana
- La Crosse, Wisconsin
- Las Vegas, Nevada
- Lexington, Kentucky
- Lisle, New York
- Lynnwood, Washington
- Martinsville, Indiana
- Memphis, Tennessee
- Montrose, Pennsylvania
- Monument Valley, Utah
- North Dakota (most of the area west of the Missouri River)
- Olympia, Washington
- Onekama, Michigan
- Pahrump, Nevada
- Palm Springs, California
- Pasadena, California
- Pisgah, Arkansas
- Potomac, Illinois
- Prattville, Alabama
- Sandwich, Massachusetts
- Salt Lake City, Utah
- Sierra Madre, California
- Silver Springs, Florida, site of one of the largest artesian spring formations in the world
- Sitka, Alaska
- Smoke Hole Caverns, Seneca Rocks, West Virginia
- South Dakota (most of the area east of the Missouri River)
- Stony Brook, New York
- Telfair County, Georgia (at least 50 wells)
- Warm Mineral Springs, Florida, this artesian well was considered the Fountain of Youth that explorer Juan Ponce de León had sought in the 1500s
- Washburn, Wisconsin
- Watervliet, Michigan
- Westfield, Wisconsin
- Williamstown, Massachusetts
- Woodward, Oklahoma
- Worland, Wyoming
- St. Jana. Jana bottled artesian water.
- Grenelle Well in Paris (opened in 1841) which was almost 600 m deep.
- Passy Well, France (opened in 1860)
- Kopanj, Radenci Plain
- Cella, Teruel, Aragón
- Trafalgar Square fountains, London (1844 to about 1890). The wells were about 130 m deep.
- The lifts in Manchester Town Hall, Manchester, were powered by hydraulic pressure from an Artesian Well. The ex-pump house is now The People's History Museum.
- The Great Artesian Basin is the largest and deepest artesian basin in the world, covering 23% of the Australian continent.
- Christchurch City Aquifer Prior to the earthquake of 2011 this was the source of one of the highest quality water supplies of a city in the world.
- Stampriet Stampriet Basin
- In Australia such wells are known as artesian bores see for example - Wheeler, H. W (1980), Artesian bores of South Australia : an annotated photographic record, 1939-1948, Pioneer Books, ISBN 978-0-908065-06-6 and Federal Water Resources Assistance Program (Australia); New South Wales. Department of Water Resources. Technical Services Division; Australian Water Resources Council. Interstate Working Group on the Great Artesian Basin (1990), Specification for construction, reconditioning or plugging of bores tapping recognised aquifers of the Great Artesian Basin in New South Wales (1st ed ed.), Dept. of Water Resources, Technical Services Division, retrieved 19 January 2014
- Frances Gies and Joseph Gies, Cathedral, Forge, and Waterwheel subtitled "Technology and Invention in the Middle Ages". Harper Perennial, 1995 ISBN 0-06-016590-1, page 112.
- "History of Fountain Valley".
- Fishman, Charles (19 Dec 2007). "Message in a Bottle". Fast Company. "Fiji Water is the product of these villages, a South Pacific aquifer, and a state-of-the-art bottling plant in a part of Fiji even the locals consider remote. The plant, on the northeast coast of Fiji's main island of Viti Levu,..."
- "Artisan(sic) Water". Fiji Water. Retrieved 12 Dec 2011.