Arthez-d'Asson

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Arthez-d'Asson
The Village
The Village
Arthez-d'Asson is located in France
Arthez-d'Asson
Arthez-d'Asson
Coordinates: 43°05′27″N 0°15′03″W / 43.0908°N 0.2508°W / 43.0908; -0.2508Coordinates: 43°05′27″N 0°15′03″W / 43.0908°N 0.2508°W / 43.0908; -0.2508
Country France
Region Aquitaine
Department Pyrénées-Atlantiques
Arrondissement Pau
Canton Nay-Ouest
Intercommunality Pays de Nay
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2020) Jean-Jacques Laffitte
Area1 7.32 km2 (2.83 sq mi)
Population (2010)2 501
 • Density 68/km2 (180/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 64058 / 64800
Elevation 329–494 m (1,079–1,621 ft)
(avg. 568 m or 1,864 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Arthez-d'Asson (Occitan: Artés d'Asson) is a French commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Aquitaine region of south-western France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Arthéziens or Arthéziennes[3]

Geography[edit]

Arthez-d'Asson is in the Ouzom Valley some 30 km south by south-east of Pau and 35 km east by south-east of Oloron-Sainte-Marie. The commune is almost entirely surrounded by the commune of Asson. Access to the commune is by road D126 which comes from Asson in the north passing through the commune and the village, continuing south up the Valley to Ferrières. The commune is almost entirely farmland although with patches of forest particularly along the river.[2]

The Ouzom River flows through the length of the commune from south to north gathering some tributaries on the right bank, such as the Cau du Hau, the Cau du Gat, the Arriou Sec, and the Cau de la Heche, and continuing north to join the Gave de Pau near Coarraze.The Ruisseau de Thouet forms the north-western border of the commune as it flows north-east to join the Ouzom.[2]

Places and Hamlets[1][edit]

  • Les Aoules
  • Arbes
  • Arrascles dessus
  • Arrecgros
  • Arrecous
  • Arribarrouy
  • Boué
  • Canet
  • La Cantine
  • Chartou
  • Chourettes
  • Chourrist
  • Pé de la Coumette
  • Garrenot[4]
  • Guilhamet
  • Guilhem
  • Habout
  • Clot du Hour
  • Hourna
  • Jacob
  • Labède
  • Lacoue
  • Lanot
  • Larrabe
  • Maupas
  • Le Pont du Moulin
  • Panan
  • Peyré
  • La Pine
  • Cot de Tisnès
  • Tort
  • Turounet

Neighbouring communes and villages[2][edit]

Toponymy[edit]

The commune name in béarnais is Artés d'Asson. Michel Grosclaude indicated that the name Arthez possibly came from the mediterranean radical arte ("green oak" then "undergrowth"), with the collective basque suffix -etz. He proposed it in the sense of "Vegetation of the undergrowth".[5]

The following table details the origins of the commune name and other names in the commune.

Name Spelling Date Source Page Origin Description
Asson Assoo 11th century Raymond
15
Saint-Pé Village
Assonium 1100 Raymond
15
Titles of Mifaget
Villa quœe vocatur Asso 12th century Raymond
15
Lescar
Assun 13th century Raymond
15
Fors de Béarn
La vegarie d'Asson 1450 Raymond
15
Cour Majour
Saint Paul d'Asson 1750 Cassini
Saint-Martin d'Asson 1790 Raymond
15
Balirot Balirot 1863 Raymond
20
Hamlet
Le Bourdalat Le Bourdalat 1863 Raymond
35
Hamlet
Garrenot Garrenot 1863 Raymond
67
Hamlet

Sources:

Origins:

History[edit]

Paul Raymond noted on page 14 of his 1863 dictionary that the commune was formed in 1749 by the union of the hamlets of Arthez-deçà and Arthez-delà from the commune of Asson.[4]

Panoramic view from the right bank of the Ouzom

Administration[edit]

List of Successive Mayors[11]

From To Name Party Position
1802 Charles d'Angosse Chamberlain of the Emperor
1983 1989 Georges Nabarra
1995 2008 Michel Dourau
2008 2020 Jean-Jacques Laffitte

(Not all data is known)

Inter-communality[edit]

The commune is part of four inter-communal structures:

  • the Community of communes of Pays de Nay;
  • the AEP association of Pays de Nay-Ouest;
  • the Energy association of Pyrénées-Atlantiques;
  • the inter-communal association for the construction of the CES of Nay;

Demography[edit]

In 2010 the commune had 501 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Evolution of the Population (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
1,102 977 1,011 1,148 1,372 1,320 1,380 1,313 1,279
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
1,275 1,220 1,243 1,043 1,075 1,042 1,183 1,137 1,152
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
1,116 1,162 1,179 893 874 850 785 687 621
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2010 -
581 538 510 478 466 508 - 501 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)


Population of Arthez-d'Asson

Economy[edit]

Pasturage at Arthez-d'Asson

The commune is part of the Appellation d'origine contrôlée (AOC) zone of Ossau-iraty.

Culture and Heritage[edit]

The béarnais singing group from Arthez-d'Asson Los de l'Ouzom was created during the 1980s.

Civil Heritage[edit]

  • There was a railway line in the commune transporting minerals from the Baburet Iron Mine.
  • The old Asson Ironworks was built around 1680.

Religious heritage[edit]

The Church of Saint-Paul (1906)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg is registered as a historical monument.[12]

Facilities[edit]

Arthez-d'Asson has a primary school.

Notable people linked to the commune[edit]

  • Jean-Paul d'Angosse, born in 1732 at Lembeye and died in 1798 at Arthez-d'Asson, was a military man, owner of an ironworks, French politician;
  • Armand d'Angosse, born in 1776 at Arthez-d'Asson and died in 1852 at Corbère-Abères, owner of an ironworks, French politician;
  • Charles d'Angosse, born in 1774 at Arthez-d'Asson and died in 1835 at Paris, owner of an ironworks, administrator and French politician.
  • Jean Espagnolle, born in 1828 at Ferrières and died in 1918 at Arthez-d'Asson, was a churchman, preacher, and an honorary canon;
  • Henri Bremond, born in 1865 at Aix-en-Provence and died in 1933 at Arthez-d'Asson, was a churchman, historian, and French literary critic, member of the Académie française.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Géoportail, IGN (French)
  2. ^ a b c d Google Maps
  3. ^ Inhabitants of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  4. ^ a b c Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, Paul Raymond, Imprimerie nationale, 1863, Digitised from Lyon Public Library 15 June 2011 (French)
  5. ^ Michel Grosclaude, Toponymic Dictionary of communes, Béarn, Edicions reclams & Édition Cairn - 2006, 416 pages, ISBN 2-35068-005-3 (French)
  6. ^ Cassini Map 1750 – Arthez-d'Asson
  7. ^ Pierre de Marca, History of Béarn (French)
  8. ^ Cartulary of the Bishop of Lescar, published in the proofs of the History of Béarn by Pierre de Marca (French)
  9. ^ Manuscript from the 14th century - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  10. ^ Cour Majour of Béarn, register manuscripts from the 15th century - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  11. ^ List of Mayors of France (French)
  12. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA64000598 Church of Saint Paul (French)